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Political Effects of the Civil War

Political effects of the Civil War

Yenchen Wee

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of Political Effects of the Civil War

Political Effects of the Civil War 13 Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment Reconstruction Voting Restrictions The 13th amendment (signed in 1865) abolished slavery which was one of the causes of the civil war. 1 2 3 4 5 The 14th amendment ( signed in 1868) protected the civil rights of all Americans. As citizens, even former slaves were protected by the Bill of Rights. The 15th amendment (signed in 1870) guaranteed the right to vote for all U.S citizens, regardless of race. Reconstruction was the period of time when the South was rebuilt after the Civil War. The reconstruction also included the 3 amendments previously mentioned. The 13th amendment affected slaves by freeing them and the people whom previously owned them by making them lose their workers. The 14th amendment affected Americans by protecting their civil rights, including former slaves. Although this amendment affected everybody, this mainly gave former slaves and African-Americans the right ot vote. Ten Percent Plan proposed by Lincoln was the first plan to accept the southern states back into the Union. Lincoln offered amnesty to white Southerners (excluding Confederate Leaders) who were willing to swear loyalty. He also would not force Southern states to give right held by White Americans to African Americans. Some Republicans ( known as Radical Republicans) thought this plan was too mild. Lincoln's death slowed down Reconstruction process This affects Southerners' way of life rebuilding after Civil War. Although 15th amendment said that anybody could vote, Southern leaders found ways to prevent African-Americans from voting. Poll Tax Many African-Americans could not vote because they couldn't afford the poll tax Literacy Test White Americans African Americans Although affected by literacy tests, some states allowed Grandfather clauses where people could vote if they had fathers or grandfathers that could vote before the civil war period. African-Americans did not have the right to vote before the Civil War, therefore unable to benefit from Grandfather Clauses. http://www.history.com/videos/the-failure-of-reconstruction#the-failure-of-reconstruction
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