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Transcript of FEMINISM!
'HER'STORY: Feminism through the Ages
First female missionary group started by Hannah Norris in Nova Scotia.
Isla Vista Shooting
May 23, 2014
#YesAllWomen Reaches 1 Million Tweets
May 27, 2014
"It's not fair, you girls have never been attracted to me. I don't know why you girls aren't attracted to me. But I will punish you all for it," -Elliot Rogers
The first formal women’s rights convention was held in Seneca
Falls, New York organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia
Spanned over two days and is considered the
official "beginning" of first wave feminism in Western society.
The Famous Five (Emily Murphy, Irene Parlby, Nellie McClung, Louise McKinney, Henrietta Muir Edwards) appeal the supreme courts decision that "persons" did not include women, to the Judicial committee of England's privy council.
One more thing: I think we must listen to what so-called apolitical women have to say—not so we can do a better job of organizing them but because
together we are a mass movement.
-- Carol Hanisch
The Pro-Woman Line
The bad things that are said about us as women are either myths (women are stupid), tactics women use to struggle individually (women are bitches), or are actually things that we want to carry into the new society and want men to share too (women are sensitive, emotional).
Women as oppressed people act out of necessity (act dumb in the presence of men), not out of choice.
express a certain connection amongst women who were part of the movement
women were earning only
of the average wage for men
"Although there were skilled and dedicated laywomen and doctors who performed safe, illegal abortions, most illegal abortionists, doctors, and those who claimed to be doctors cared only about being well rewarded for their trouble.
In the 1960s, abortionists often turned women away if they could not pay $1,000 or more in cash.
Some male abortionists insisted on having sexual relations before the abortion."
-- Boston Women's Health
as a Political Issue
What sort of bizarre social arrangement is post-industrial-revolution marriage?
How could two people in a relationship share their lives with so little understanding of or appreciation for what the other does all day?
What will the "ideal suburban housewife" do once she realizes that the housework is less important than organizing the tasks so that she can consider her own life?
What if we finally learn that we are not defined by our children and husbands, but by ourselves?
The Memoir Redefining Realness by Janet Mock is Published
February 4, 2014
Women Strike for Peace
Bella Absug & Delmar Wilson helped to organize an international protest against nuclear testing
“Redefining Realness was a chance to tell my own story but it was [also] a chance to create the story that I didn’t have growing up, and that’s been the biggest thing for me.” - Janet Mock
on the Status of Women
organization to advance discussion of women's issues and propose solutions
proposed several legislative initiatives to advance women's rights
Cece McDonald is Released from Prison
January 13 ,2014
First Female U.S. Ambassador
Eugene Moore Anderson
appointed by JFK in Bulgaria
no other woman had achieved position higher than minister
Poster implying that if women gain the right to work and vote, their 'duty' to housework and raising children will suffer.
British post card depicting Emmeline Pankhurst. Depicts women gaining the vote as emasculation.
The Feminine Mystique
by Betty Friedan
seminal feminist literature discussing frustration and concern of women
happiness beyond marriage, rising female consumerism, formal beginning of 2nd wave
how can we be critical?
British anti-suffragist postcard mocking their appearance.
The Equal Pay Act
tried to battle discrimination against women through the wage gap
the future? what about heteronormativity and transphobia?
National Council of Women's Logo
President Obama signs the Violence Against Women Re-Authorization Act of 2013
March 7, 2013
republicans are the worst
at an event marking the 19th anniversary of the bill, Vice President Joe Biden criticized the Republicans who slowed the reauthorization of the act as being "this sort of Neanderthal crowd"
April 11, 2012
First SlutWalk happens Toronto, Ontario
April 3, 2011
January 20, 2011
Second Wave Feminism
First female prime minister of India
motivation for young woman to enter a position of power
The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Posts their First Video on Youtube
May 20, 2009
a human rights proclamation to publicize the UN's views on women's rights
consisted of 11 articles
including electoral rights, the right to seek/hold public office, and the elimination of gender discrimination in criminal punishment.
First black woman to be elected into U.S. Congress
she later founded the National Women's Political Caucus - to expand the significance of women in politics
breakthrough for politics in Canada
finally seeing people of colour in legislative discussions and decisions
The Native Women's Association of Canada
goal to advance the well-being of Aboriginal women in Canada
Combahee River Collective
Their collective statement:
commitment to fighting race, sex and class oppression; as black feminists, members struggle alongside men to fight racism, but against black men to fight sexism.
First black woman elected to a provincial legislature
Pierre Elliot Trudeau passes the Omnibus Bill
April 25, 2004
Bitch: In Praise of Difficult Women by Elizabeth Wurtzel is Published
January 1, 1998
helps to decriminalize homosexuality and eliminate pregnancy as an excuse for dismissal by an employer
"I intend to scream, shout, race the engine, call when I feel like it, throw tantrums in Bloomingdale's if I feel like it and confess intimate details about my life to complete strangers. I intend to do what I want to do and be whom I want to be and answer only to myself: that is, quite simply, the bitch philosophy."
First woman speaker in the House of Commons
The Vagina Monologues written by Eve Ensler Premieres in New York
Supreme Court of Canada: Sexual Harassment qualifies as sexual discrimination
Marital Rape is declared illegal in the UK
November 3, 1994
VAWA is Signed into Law
September 13, 1994
Janet Reno is Confirmed as US Attorney General
March 11, 1993
+ any employer who tolerates sexual harassment in the workplace
First Canadian female astronaut
Dr. Roberta Bondar
selected by NASA to participate in the flight of a space shuttle
she speaks outwardly against gender discrimination in the workplace
FMLA is Signed into Law
February 5, 1993
14 female engineering students at the Ecole Polytechnique are killed by a man who opposes feminism
this sparked discussion on the issue of violence against women
Rebecca Walker Coins the Term “Third-wave Feminism”
iot Grrrl Movement Starts
Third Wave Feminism
Maxine Hong Kingston
Third wave feminists took issue with;
language used to define women
and is very concerned with;
“Consciousness among women is what caused this [change], and consciousness, one's ability to open their mind to the fact that male domination does affect the women of our generation, is what we need... The presence of feminism in our lives is taken for granted. For our generation, feminism is like fluoride. We scarcely notice we have it – it's simply in the water.”
- Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards
rejection of the gender binary
Reclaiming Derogatory Terms
Race, Social Class, Sexuality
Negative Public Perception