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Western African Civilizations: Religion and Rituals

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Jorge Nunez

on 30 November 2012

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Transcript of Western African Civilizations: Religion and Rituals

Religion and Rituals WEST AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS Religion and Rituals The West African civilizations (Ghana, Mali, and Songhai) have been influenced over the years. Theses civilizations have been influenced by Muslims from North Africa. This brought additional religion and culture into these countries. The ancient Ghana people practiced the religion Soninke. Also, the country of Koumbi had a large population of Muslims. So the city was divided to two parts, one Islam and one Soninke.
One ritual was that a snake demanded an annual sacrifice for bringing prosperity into the land. The people would sacrifice a virgin every year until a fiance saved his wife from that sacrifice. Because of this the snake brought a drought to the land. Ancient Ghana religion and rituals The main religion of Mali was first a king tribal type. They would have to obey and praise the king. Then they converted to Islam. Islam arrived as a result of the trans-Sahara trade. In the 13th century, Islam came to western Sudan. After Sundjata, the founder of the Mali empire, some of the following rulers were Muslim.
Sundjata inspired the great tradition of griots. Griots are tell the history or tradition of Africa in song, music, or just plain words. Ancient Mali religion and rituals The Songhai empires main religion was Islam. The Songhai people converted after the Muslims from the north interacted with the people of Songhai in 1010. The other religion still practiced today is magic.
Most rituals mark major life-cycle events that follow Islamic leaders. Birth was seen as dangerous time for both mothers and their children. When a couple is to be married, the groom must ask permission to the bride's-father. Ancient Songhai religion and rituals Summary The Ghana empire practiced Soninke and Islam. They would sacrifice a virgin every year.
The Mali empire practiced Islam and their founder, Sundjata inspired the traditions of griots.
Songhai empire's main religion was Islam and their rituals mark major life-cycle events that follow Islamic leaders.
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