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Bystanders and Upstanders

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by

Kennedy Kehew

on 18 November 2015

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Transcript of Bystanders and Upstanders

Bystanders and Upstanders
By: Rachel Sproat and Kennedy Kehew
Bystander
Conclusion
"The stories of upstanders highlight the 'capacity to do good' that 'is always there,' while the stories of bystanders, and perpetrators, suggest how easy it is for good people to make bad decisions."
Upstanders
Introduction
"The world is too dangerous to live in - not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen." - Albert Einstein
Bystanders
Upstanders
Night Connections
Defined: a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part

Synonyms: onlooker, looker-on, passerby, nonparticipant, observer, spectator, eyewitness, witness, watcher
Bystanders in the Holocaust
They neither helped the Nazi Party nor assisted the Jews in survival
They were aware of deportations and concentration camps, yet they continued to do nothing to stop or prevent more innocent deaths
Why refuse to help?
Denial
Self-Preservation
Lack of preparation
Anti-Semitism
Fear
The Hangman
"In Germany, the Nazis came for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak for me." - Martin Niemoeller
Defined: a person who stands up for something, as opposed to a bystander who remains inactive

Synonyms: honest, moral, principled, ethical, trustworthy
Upstander Video
The Book Thief Connections
Night Connections
Upstanders in the Holocaust
Why help?
The Book Thief Connections
Individuals risked their safety and the safety of their families in order to protect the Jews
Asked to:

take in Jewish children as their own
create forged documents
relocate Jews to neutral countries
Qualities of an upstander:
history of performing good deeds
feeling of responsibility
caring for others even if they are strangers
independent
Collaborators
Defined: not directly involved in the murder of Jews and Holocaust victims but assisted the Nazis by providing them with information and supplies

The Book Thief
examples: Frau Diller, the old lady that announced the parade of Jews arrival

Night
examples: Two prisoners who carried the condemned youth to the gallows in exchange for soup
Students watch as Liesel beat up Ludwig Schmeikel and Tommy Muller
Hitler Youth group watches as Rudy and Tommy Muller are punished
Himmel Street residents observe the Jew parade
Stein, the relative- gave bread pg. 44
German Jew
Blockalteste
, Alphonse- helped the people of his block pg.51
Meir Katz- stopped man from strangling Elie
The underground resistence- liberated the Jews in the camp pg.114-115
What would you do?
Justice
Enforce freedoms and natural rights
Prevent the acts from continuing
Sympathetic
Hans and Rosa Hubermann- Taking in Max, painted Jews doors, fed old Jewish man
Liesel Meminger- Protects Max, gave bread to Jews
Rudy Steiner- Stands up for Tommy Muller, gaves bread to Jews
"...Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented. Sometimes we must interfere. When human lives are endangered, when human dignity is in jeopary, national borders and sensitivities become irrelevant. Whenever men and women are persecuted because of their race, religion, or political views that place must - at that moment - become the center of the universe." -Elie Wiesel
"Those who remained silent yesterday will remain silent tomorrow." -Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel- father is slapped by Gypsy, Idek beats his father with an iron bar, ignores his father's calls
German people- watched as the Jews paraded by
Camp residents- watch as Elie is whipped
Why refuse to help?
Why help?
Corrie Ten Boom
Boom and family hid Jews and resistance members
Secret room in closet
Room was 30 inches deep
Raid alarm
1944, Nazi house raid
Imprisoned for her actions
The Hiding Place
Full transcript