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Transcript of Bulgaria
Currency: Teritory: 111 000 sq.km
Population: 7.6 mln
Religion: orthodox christianity
Currency: lev 681 Unification of proto-Bulgarians and Slavs &Foundation of the state 864 adoption of Christianity as official religion end of the
9th century Cyril and Methodius created and disseminated the Slavonic alphabet 893 – 927 Golden Age 1018 - 1186 Byzantium domination 1396-1878 Second Bulgarian Kingdom under Ottoman domination 1879 first constitution after WWII political and economic influence
of the USSR 1989 democratic changes and new constitution 2004 member of NATO 2007 member of EU "Nestinarstvo" Dancing on live coals is an ancient Bulgarian ritual still practiced in a few villages in the Balkan Mountains. The ritual in its authentic form is performed on the name day of Saints Konstantin and Helena – 21 May or (3 June according to the old calendar. Fire dancers prepare for their dance by spending hours locked in a chapel, venerating the icons of these two saints while listening to the beating of drums and the music of gaidas (Bulgarian bagpipes), which is a special melody associated with fire dancing, after which they often fall into trance. In the evening they perform their special dance on live coals. During their dance they always hold aloft in both hands an icon of Saint Konstantin and Saint Helena. Amazingly, they never get hurt or burn their feet. Old tradition from the times when pagan gods were worshiped and evil spirits were considered serious menace.Each year, on a day soon after New Years the festival of Kukeri is celebrated in Bulgaria. It is a tradition that may date back as far as 4,000 years to the ancient Thracians – and to Dionysus, the Thracian and Greek god associated with wine, fertility, and rebirth. The festival is replete with mystical symbolism, steeped as it is in a tradition representing the cycle of life, death and rebirth. "Kukeri" Participants can see demonstration of the producer process of a rose oil. Part of the program is tasting of foods and beverages prepared from rose oil and the folklore dance “Rozober” created especially for the fest. The festival takes place at the end of May and the beginning of June. Every year a lot of foreign tourists take part in the activities. The Rose is the symbol of Bulgaria. Rose picking in Karlovo and Kazanlak starts in 1903. "Rozober" (Rose Picking) The terirory of present-day Bulgaria was inhabited since antiquity and was cradle of some of the earliest civilizations in Europe (Thracian,Slavs,Proto-Bulgarians) Probably one of the most important symbol of Bulgaria is the ritual of making and giving martenitsas for health and happiness at the beginning of March. For Bulgarians this is a symbol of the year’s renewal, again intended to promote health and successful harvests. “Lazaruvane” is a ritual related to coming of spring. It is conducted on St. Lazar’s Day, eight days before Easter. The date of the celebration varies, but it is always on the Saturday before the celebration of Palm Sunday. On this day willow branches are picked and used to decorate the doors of houses on the following day. Then the young maidens in the villages pick flowers to shape as garlands on Palm Sunday. On Saturday maidens gather in the home of one of their number and dress in festive clothes decorated with flowers and sprigs. Then they walk through the village from house to house, offering blessings for good health and rich harvests. They are invited in and given small gifts. "Lazaruvane" The most typical New Year's tradition, known throughout the country. In terms ritual is optional and providing health by touching raw (mostly cornel) stick, and specifically at the beginning of the year. "Sourvakars" are children aged 4-12 years. Gathered in groups of several children, they go to the homes of their relatives and neighbors, starting from their own. Each child brings decorated rod and "hit" the back of the members of the familly starting with the eldest and singing. "Survakuvane" "Martenitza" Festivals Lutenica Banica Tarator Guvech Kufte Sopska salat Pulneni chushki Skara Mekici What To Do? Mountain/Ski Tourism Balneo/SPA Tourism Alternative Tourism - Extreme sports Sea Recreation ...Paragliding at Sopot ...Rafting at Struma river ...Bundgee Jumping ...Going Underground... ...43 meters deep in Haramijska cave ... enjoy the summer Where are we? Discover... What to eat? Where are we?
Do you know that...
What to see?
What to go?
What to do?
What to eat?
How to dance horo?
:) Area: 111 000 sq.km Population: 7.3 mln Capital: Sofia Religion: orthodox christian Language: Bulgarian Currency: Lev What To See? Do you know that... Bulgaria is known as the homeland of the yogurt (Lactus Bulgaricus)! Bulgaria and Denmark were the only European countries to save their Jews during the Holocaust! The inventor of the first electronic computer John Atanassoff is of Bulgarian origins! The world record for high jump is 2.09m and belongs to Stefka Kostadinova! Bulgarians were the first to use the Cyrillic alphabet! Bulgaria produces half of the rose oil in the world! Bulgaria is the first Slavic nations that adopted Christianity Bulgaria’s “Izlel e Delio Haidutin” folk song was sent in deep space on the board of the US Space Probe -Voyager I as part of a collection of our Civilization's finest cultural artifacts - a message to an alien intelligence! Musala (2925m) in Rila Planina is the highest peak on the Balkans. Europe's oldest town has been found in Bulgaria - 7000 years old! The oldest gold treasure in the world (6000 years old) was found in Bulgaria! When Bulgarians nod their heads up and down, they mean NO. When they move their heads from side to side, they mean YES. Sofia’s history stretches back several thousand years. In the 7th century B.C., the Thracian Serdi tribe settled in the region and gave the city its first documented name, Serdica. The Byzantines called the city Triadica, while the Slavs called it Sredec. The city was given its current name Sofia (Greek for wisdom) in the 14th century after the Church of St. Sophia. When the Third Bulgarian State was founded in 1879, Sofia once again became the capital city of Bulgaria Rila Mountain Plovdiv Open air ethnograf museum... Etara Tzarevetz Hill, Veliko Tarnovo Nessebar Melnik Belogradchik Rocks Magura cave ...Let's Dance Horo! R e Let's go skiing! ...or just relax Kukatko do světa... Victoria Tzanova