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The effect of job design in motivation

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on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of The effect of job design in motivation

The Effect of Job Design in Motivation

Job Design:
Work arrangement (or rearrangement) aimed at reducing or overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from repetitive and mechanism tasks Through job design. Designing Motivating Jobs Factors influencing job design:
Changing organizational environment/structure
The organization’s technology
Employees’ skill, abilities, and preferences
Job enlargement
Job enrichment
Job Rotation
Job Simplification Designing Motivating Jobs Motivation:
Is the result of an interaction between the person and a situation; it is not a personal trait.

Motivation works best when individual needs are compatible with organizational goals. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
MacGregor’s Theories X and Y
Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory Early Theories of Motivation: Outline :-
What Is Motivation?
Early Theories of Motivation
What Is Job design ?
Job design benefits in Motivation
Job design Effects in Motivation
Current Issues in Motivation What Is Motivation? Job Characteristics Model (JCM):- Designing Motivating Jobs (cont’d):
A conceptual framework for designing motivating jobs that create meaningful work experiences that satisfy employees’ growth needs.
Five primary job characteristics:
Skill variety
Task identity
Task significance
Autonomy
Feedback © 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Motivating Unique Groups of Workers
Motivating a diverse workforce through flexibility

Flexible Work/Job schedules
Compressed work week
Flexible work hours (flextime)
Job Sharing
Telecommuting Current Issues in Motivation (cont’d) Cross-Cultural Challenges
Motivational programs are most applicable in cultures where individualism and quality of life are cultural characteristics

Cross-Cultural Consistencies
Interesting work is widely desired, as is growth, achievement, and responsibility. Current Issues in Motivation Job Design is Only for the Benefit of the Employing Organization and Has No Motivational Benefit for the Employee What So Ever.
Bad Aspects Regarding Job Design © 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. Job Effects on Motivation Mona Ahmed AL_Somali
Ahlam AL_Shemmari
Salma AL_Mari
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