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Modernism: Surrealism and Dadaism

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Rakin Baten

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of Modernism: Surrealism and Dadaism

was founded in Paris
Began in the 1910- 20s
a literary movement that experimented with automatic writing, or automatism
Automatism sought to release the imagination of the subconscious
believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of imagination
similar to Romanticism, but believed that revelations could be found in everyday streets
was influenced by Freud as well as Karl Marx

Dadaism Synopsis
artistic and literacy movement that began in 1916 after WWI, in Zurich, Switzerland
influenced by ideas and innovations from many styles: Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism and Expressionism
very diverse: art, poetry, photography, sculpture, paintings, and collages
dissipated with Surrealism
its mockery of materialistic and nationalist attitudes, proved to be very influential on artists in other places such as Berlin, Paris, and New York
More on Dadaism
Dadaism was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of the First World War
Art-Movement and Anti-War Movement
Dadaism is meant to elicit an emotional and logical response.
Typically outrage during WWI time period
The main goal of Dadaism is to oppose all the preconceived notions of art such as aesthetic standards.
Yo let me break this down the literature way homie.
Surrealism and Dadaism
Surrealist Paintings
List Of Surrealist Artists
Surrealism Synopsis
Salvador Dali
Pablo Picasso
Frida Kahlo
André Breton (Le Manifeste du Surréalisme)
Rene Magritte
(Thinking Outside The Circle)
What is this Surrealism thing you speak of?
Surrealism being the style of art and literature that was developed in the 20th century represents the many exploitations of unexpected juxtapositions.
Painting Surrealism into literature
Surrealism in literature is an attempt to bridge together reality and the imagination. Surrealists seek to overcome contradictions of the readers minds by creating bizzare stories which contain multiple juxtapositions.

Hans Arp
Tristan Tzara
Hannah Hoch
Marcel Duchamp
The Art
“Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up.”
-Pablo Picasso

“I have forced myself to contradict myself in order to avoid conforming to my own taste.”
-Marcel Duchamp
Works Cited
"MoMA Learning." MoMA. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept.
2015. <http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/dada>.

Trachtman, Paul. "Dada." Smithsonian.
SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE, May 2016. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.

"What Is Surrealism in Literature? - Definition, Characteristics &
Examples." Web. 14 Sept. 2015. <http://study.com/academy/

Voorhies, James. "Surrealism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.
New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://
www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/surr/hd_surr.htm (October

Alexandrian, Sarane. Surrealist Art. New York: Thames & Hudson,

Brandon, Ruth. Surreal Lives: The Surrealists, 1917–1945. London:
Macmillan, 1999.

Rubin, William S. Dada and Surrealist Art. New York: Abrams, 1968.
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