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Jack Bateman

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Dreams

Dreams occur when you reach the REM stage of sleep (Rapid Eye Movement), a deep stage of sleep where your brain is highly active.
Why We Dream
The Ability to know when you're in a dream, or be able to control it.
You can train yourself to lucid dream by preforming reality checks, such as looking at the time, or counting your fingers
Eventually you will do these checks in a dream naturally
Can cause sleep paralysis which causes the body to prevent movement
It has been said that only five minutes after we wake up from a dream, we forget over 50 percent of it. Ten minutes later, we forget 90 percent of the dreams content. This seems strange, since we don't forget our daily tasks this quickly. Since we forget our dreams so quickly, the purpose of them seems pointless.

There are many theories on why we tend to forget our dreams. L. Strumpell has come up with a few reasons as to why we forget our dreams. Firstly, he said that when you first wake up a large amount of things are quickly forgotten, such as physical sensations. He also considered that traditionally humans learn and remember both by association and repetition. Since dreams are unique and somewhat ambiguous it shows that remembering them certainly would be difficult, because we can't go back and experience the details of them.

Interpreting Dreams
Easier to interpret when you have a clear memory of them
Considerable factors for interpretation:
~deciding whether your dreams reflect a real life situation
~deciding what your dream means to you
~analyzing the emotions felt in your dream
~looking for key images/symbols
~recognizing patterns
No rules (rights or wrongs) when interpreting your dreams
Factors of successful interpretations:
~interpretation resonates with you
~it adds something positive to your life
~you have surpassed any confusion and use your interpretation for self awareness
The Interpretation of Dreams: Sigmund Freud (1900)
He believed every dream is a wish fulfillment (he always held onto this theory)
Eventually he dropped the idea that all dreams have an underlying sexual content
"...the essential character of a preconscious idea was its connection with the residues of verbal ideas."
The Psychology Behind Dreaming
Lucid Dreams
Why are dreams so hard to remember?
How do dreams work?
Men and Women dream differently
Your brain comprehending past experiences

Prepare you for challenges ahead (dreams of doing an activity)

Coping mechanism for emotionally stressful experiences

Activation Synthesis Theory, Brain fires off random signals in random parts of the brain activating varying images.

Psycho-Analytic Theory, Presented by Sigmund Freud. Stated dreams are subconscious images of our thoughts and desires.

The End
False Awakening Dreams
Nightmares and Night Terrors
His most famous quote
Other books to research on this topic include "Psychology from the Heart" by Raymond Lloyd Richmond
Most people over the age of 10 have 4 to 6 dreams every night.
you forget between 95% to 99% of all the dreams you have.
A dream revealed to a scientist the molecular structure of carbon atoms in the benzene ring.
The dreams we most vividly remember happen in the REM (Rapid Eye Movement), when our brains are highly active and our bodies are are essentially paralyzed
People that are born blind still have dreams that only include sound, smell, taste, touch, and emotion
For all dreamers, vision is the strongest perceived sense in dreams, followed by hearing, touch, and smell (in descending order of intensity).
A convincing dream that resembles real life. Person affected will wake up, sometimes after going through their daily life.
Type 1: More common. Wake up in somewhere other than their bedroom. Ex. wake in a room and realize you're late for work.
Type 2: Less common. Wake up in your bed, then proceed throughout your day. At one point you'll wake up right in your bed.
How to improve your dream recall
L. Strumpell
An pleasant dream
Creates feelings of fear, horror, despair and anxiety
Caused by great stress, medication, even eating before bed.
Occur during REM sleep
Dreams may not be easy to remember, but here are a few different ways that can help you improve your recall of dreams:

When you go to bed, tell yourself you will remember your dreams
Set your alarm to go off every hour and a half
Keep a pad and pencil next to your bed
Wake up slowly so that you can remain in the "mood" of your dream
Concentrate on recalling your dreams as soon as you wake up

Night terrors

Occur in the early hours of sleep
Are not accompanied by images, just an intense feeling of fear
Will be accompanied by movement
The person will not remember why they were scared
Women tend to remember their dreams more often than men do.
Men seem to dream more about aggressive encounters with other men (usually strangers) while woman typically dream about interactions with familiar people in familiar surroundings
As girls mature, their dreams increasingly start to focus on emotions, talking, and physical appearance
Pregnant women often have reoccurring dreams that are related to anxiety about childbirth and parenting
Common anxiety dreams that plague both sexes include visions of immobility, falling, drowning, being chased, or losing one’s teeth.
12% of sighted people dream in black and white
Other Types of Dreams
Recurring Dreams: Dreams that repeat themselves, with very little changes
Signal Dreams: Help you solve problems and make decisions

Epic Dreams: Dreams so grand, you cannot forget them. The details can remain with you for years
Progressive Dreams: Like recurring dreams, except the events in the dreams progress
Full transcript