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Child Labor During the Victorian Era
Transcript of Child Labor During the Victorian Era
Dystopia Ty Lim Calvin Mulyadi Mindy Pang Jenny Tieu
February 21, 2013 Victims of Child Labor children as young as 6 - 7 years old
nearly 750,000 children were engaged in child labor
employers saw many benefits of child labor
children were powerless and less likely to revolt
small and maneuverable
paid significantly less than adults Why Child Labor? poverty
get their children in the habit of working for a living Lives of Children Laborers lived in poorly built living quarters
rarely spend any time with family
split up families for as much as fourteen hours
learned little about life Lives of Children Laborers (cont.) education played a very small role
had no more than two or three years of schooling
children often pick work over school because they were able to earn money from work Types of Work most common indoor jobs: servants and sweatshop workers
household servants around age ten or twelve
most common outdoor jobs: chimney sweeping and mining
chimney sweeping - most brutal job for children Types of Work (cont.) learned how to climb inside chimneys to clean off the soot and creosote
dangers: burns, falls, and suffocation
mining: also became dangerous
dangers: cave-ins and explosions
worked twelve to sixteen hours a day
diseases: fossy jaw and black lung Types of Work (cont.) other types of jobs includes: blacksmith, textile mills, farming, prostitution, piecers, and catchers Stopping Child Labor The Children’s Aid Society (1890)
provide homes for orphaned children
The National Child Labor Committee (1904)
raise public awareness of child labor
Factory Act (1802)
first attempt to protect child laborers Opinion on Child Labor As a group, we find child labor to be disturbing and sad. To have children as young as five years old to work in dangerous places such as factories, chimney sweeping and more is just exploitation. We believe it resulted from an unregulated capitalism, greed, utilitarianism, and pursuit of economic efficiency. Children working deprived them from education which could have allowed the children to realize their potential. Child labor exploiters may be good at being productive and efficient, but they leave the moral gap blank. Works Cited Gibbs, Jennifer "Children At work: Looking at Child labor in the Victorian Age" Ezinarticles
07 April 2005. 18 Febuary 2008.
"Child Labour in Victorian Times" North South Schools Programme
EU Peace Program. 3 March 2008