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Algae: Fuel of the Future

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Davis Schneider

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Algae: Fuel of the Future

Algae: Energy of the Future History Methods of Production MIT UC Berkeley Aquatic Species Program Rooftop Photobioreactor 1950s Open Ponds study for methane 1970s Open Pond System Closed System (Photobioreactor) Fuel From Algae Methane Gas (via gasification) Ethanol (via fermentation) Biodiesel Benefits of Algal Biofuel Impressive Productivity Non-Competitive With Agriculture Flexible on Water Quality Mitigation of Carbon Dioxide U.S. Department of Energy 1980s 1960s Established in 1977 by the Carter Administration

Consildated federal energy activities

Created Biofuels Program Applied Biology

Algae Production Systems

Resource Availability 1990s 2000s NEDO-RITE Program Program for microalgal cardon dioxide utilization

$200 million invested

Total failure Looking To The Future 1977 1978 1990 Solazyme, Inc. Algenol Biofuels Petro Algae, Inc. Sapphire Energy Produced more that 10,000 gallons of oil at fuel standard quality

2.5 years until production cost competitive with fossil fuels

Partnership with Chevron Corp. Funded by Bill Gates investment firm

$100 million raised

Successfully produced Green Crude, yields 91 octane gasoline from algae Bionavitas Will be able to produce commercial scale in 3 years

Recently partnered with Dow Chemical Co. Ready to produce commercially

Signed license deal for 10 commercial units to be built in China

Will complete in 3 years ExxonMobil Corp. July 2009: Investing $600 million in research of algae-based biofuels

In collaboration with Synthetic Genomics - headed by Craig Venter BP plc August 2009: Multi-year development agreement with Martek Biosciences Corp.

Investing $10 million Light Emmersion Technology

10x productivity SAIC 2009: Received $25 million from DARPA

February 2010: production of jet fuel cost competitive in months

Extracting oil at $2/gallon, will distill to jet fuel at less than $3/gallon Better Looking Solix Biofuels Partnered with Valero

2009: Completed construction of Coyote Gulch Production Facitility

Expects 3,000 gallons/acre/year Hurdles Still Remain Upstream Costs

Open pond contamination

Prohibitively high PBR operational costs Strain selection

Genetic modification

http://inhabitat.com/2007/10/22/power-your-car-with-algae-algae-biocrude-by-livefuels/ http://inhabitat.com/2007/10/22/power-your-car-with-algae-algae-biocrude-by-livefuels/algae-biofuel-biocrude-livefuels-algae-based-fuel-bio-based-fuel-biodiesel-solix-greenfuels-nrel-us-doe-department-of-energy-4/ http://news.cnet.com/8301-11128_3-9973649-54.html http://news.cnet.com/8301-11128_3-10043996-54.html?tag=mncol;title http://www.alibaba.com/product/jeruz-100453709-0/Jeruz_Algaelink_Photo_Bio_Reactor.html http://brae.calpoly.edu/CEAE/biofuels.html http://biosarch.wordpress.com/2008/07/ http://www.pbase.com/ericnoel/image/29175261 http://www.panoramio.com/photo/8750652 http://alternavox.net/technovox/why-our-next-fuel-source-may-come-from-our-own-waste/ http://saferenvironment.wordpress.com/2008/10/03/algae-tremendous-potential-for-next-generation-green-energy-–-‘algae-biodiesel’/ http://arthurpage.wordpress.com/2009/02/19/friends-of-lincoln-lakes/coal-power-plant/ http://inhabitat.com/2007/10/22/power-your-car-with-algae-algae-biocrude-by-livefuels/algae-biofuel-biocrude-livefuels-algae-based-fuel-bio-based-fuel-biodiesel-solix-greenfuels-nrel-us-doe-department-of-energy/ A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program Biodiesel from Algae A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program Biodiesel from Algae Open Ponds And Closed Photobioreactors - Comparative Economics Chisti Y. 2007. Biodiesel from microalgae Open Ponds And Closed Photobioreactors - Comparative Economics
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