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Transcript of Vitiligo
Depigmentation in the skin
skin will turn an unusual color when exposed to blacklight
Whitning or graying of hair and eyelashes
What causes vitiligo?
Depigmentation of the skin occurs when melanocytes (the cells that cause pigmentation in the skin) do not function.
the estimated prevalence of vitligo in the united states is 0.1 to 8%. in children it is 0.0–2.16%. The worldwide prevalence of vitiligo is 0.5 and 2%.
what are the risk factors?
Family members with vitiligo or hair turning gray early
if you are ages 10-30
if you have certain autoimmune diseases (people with thyroid disease are more at risk)
Physical exam, labratory tests and a review of medical history. The labratory tests consist of a biopsy of the skin to inspect under a microscope. A blood test is also conducted.
how do you treat vitiligo?
Phototherapy (when your skin is carefully exposed to ultraviolet light) This is performed by a dermatologist.
Corticosteroid creams or ointments
Immunosuppressant creams or ointments,
Skin may be moved (grafted) from normally pigmented areas and placed onto areas where there is pigment loss.
Makeups or skin dyes
depigmentation of the rest of the skin
Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo
Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 21 Apr. 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
"Vitiligo Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Signs - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.
"Vitiligo Risk Factors." - Am I at Risk of Vitiligo? N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
"Vitiligo." Questions and Answers about. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.
"Vitiligo." Medical Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.
NASA Mentoring in Medicine
Vitiligo is the loss of pigmentation in patches of the skin