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The Evolution of Polyphony
Transcript of The Evolution of Polyphony
-The simultaneous combination of two or more melodies
-Arose in early Europe around 900 A.D.
-Has a rich sound of intertwining melodic lines and of the resulting harmony.
-A way to embellish Gregorian Chants
Artistic Growth and Technical Invention
-Originally, each individual note of the chant was accompanied by a single note in the counterpoint.
-Soon the counterpoint was treated more independently.
-Next, the counterpoint began to include several notes at the same time as each single chant note.
-Following that, two simultaneous counterpoints were added to the chant.
-Then came the idea of definite rhythms controlled by meter.
-Gradual distancing from Church services. The bottom line was still Gregorian chant but now not a strick. The upper lines were given their own words unlike earlier.
-This new form of polyphony is called a motet.
*New Art vs Ancient Art
-The motet grew increasingly secular
Were the introduction of meter and rhythm was during Ancient Art, New Art had much more complex and combinations.
Organum: The earliest type of polyphony
*a traditional plainchant melody that a composer-singer-improvisor has added another melody, or COUNTERPOINT, sung simultaneously to the same words.
Cathedral of Notre Dame
*Located in Paris
*Built between 1163 and 1235
*Notre Dame School