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The Battle of Shiloh
Transcript of The Battle of Shiloh
On the morning of April 7, 1862, General Beauregard took in place of General Johnston and took in command of the Confederate troops. He didn't realize General Buell's reinforcements had arrived. They continued to fight, but they were outnumbered by the unions troops and were forced to retreat.
The battle of Shiloh was one of the first major battles during the Civil War to take place in the Western theater. A Confederate surprise attack backfires when the Union holds their ground at Hornets Nest.
Union: Ulysses S. Grant and Don Carlos Buell
Confederacy: Albert Sidney Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard, (following out in Johnston's death)
Lead Up To Battle of Shiloh
Before the battle of Shiloh, General Grant (Union) had captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, giving the Union Kentucky. This forced Confederate troops to retreat from Western Tennessee under the command of General Johnston (Confederate)
Then Grant set up camp at Pittsburg Landing waiting for General Buell’s (Union) reinforcements.
Day 1- Beginning & Hornets Nest
The Confederate troops attacked the Union troops on the morning of April 6, 1862 at Pittsburg Landing. The Confederates were better fighters compared to those Union troops making the Union lines break , giving the Confederates a successful surprise attack.
Some Union lines were still staying strong however. One famous line that stayed strong was in a sunken road and it became known as Hornets Nest. Some held back Confederates while Buell's reinforcements being to arrive. Although the Confederates won the day they didn't win the battle.
Although they were successful the Confederates did suffer a loss. General Johnston was killed on the battlefield. He got shot and didn't realize how serious he was injured until he had already lost a a lot of blood and died.
The Battle of Shiloh
When and Where
Pittsburg Landing. Hardin County, Tennessee
April 6-7, 1862
The Confederate's Plan
General Johnston knew of General Grants whereabouts and his reinforcements to come. General Johnston decided to plan a surprise attack before General Buell could come to General Grant first. Although Johnston was afraid that they would join together and become big and storing and defeat his small troops.
Who Won & Ending
After many Confederate successes, the Confederates were not able to stand their ground and were forced to retrieve, resulting in a Union victory. The Confederates and Unionists both suffered many losses of more than 23,000 total casualties. Union-13,000 casualties. Confederate-10,700 casualties. The amount of violence shocked both the South and the North.
Battle Clip Link
"Battle Of Shiloh." HistoryNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.
"American Civil War." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.
History.com Staff. "Battle of Shiloh." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.
"The Battle of Shiloh Summary & Facts." Civil War Trust. Civil War Trust, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2017.