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A Needs Analysis for Road Cycling

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on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of A Needs Analysis for Road Cycling

Sport and Exercise Science Support

A Needs Analysis for Road Cycling
By Neil Davidson
Road Cycling
Not as simple as meets the eye
Different formats
Different types of rider
Complex team dynamic
History
Road cycling is a sport steeped in history and tradition
Featured in the first modern olympics
"Grand Tours"
Tour de France
Giro d'Italia
Vuelta a Espana
Single Day "Classics"
Paris - Roubaix
Liege Bastogne Liege
Characteristics of Elite Performance
Ride between 30,000 to 35,000 kilometres per year

Compete 90 to 100 days per year

7 to 8 month racing season
175 - 185 centimetres in height

60 - 75 kilograms in weight
VO max – 75 ml.kg.min-1

Peak power of up to 6.8 W/kg
Overview of Needs
Elite level road cyclists are very "complete" athletes:
Fitness
Psychology
Nutrition
Tactics
Equipment
Physiology - Predictors of Performance
Key predictors of performance:
-1
VO
Maximum sustainable intensity
Watt peak
Position
2
max
o
Psychology of Cycling
Psychologically challenging sport
Taylor and Kress identified main psychological factors which are important in road cycling:

Intensity
Pain
Recovery
Nutrition in Cycling
Pre competition
Achieving race weight and preparation

During competition
Maintaining good fuel and fluid intake for optimal performance

Post competition
Recovery
Tactical Knowledge in Cycling
Pacing
In an individual time trial or break away group
Develop strategy with physiological readouts

Experience
Tactical awareness is a characteristic which comes with experience.
Equipment
Effective transmission of power from cyclist to bike depends on a number of factors:
Crank length
Pedal Cadence
Seat height
Seat tube angle
Foot position on pedal
Gonzalez et al 1989
Summary of Needs
Physical fitness
Psychological strength
Nutrition
Tactical knowledge
Equipment set up
Interventions
Having examined the needs of an aspiring elite cyclist the following interventions are proposed:
Race day nutrition
Optimising position
Increasing maximum sustainable cycling intensity
Short term intervention - Nutrition
"A proper diet can't make an average athlete elite, but a poor diet can make an elite athlete average" - Costill 1983
Before
During
After
Medium term intervention - Position
One of the goals of a cyclist is to maintain as aerodynamic a position as possible.


Long term intervention - Increasing maximum sustainable intensity
Summary
Race day nutrition
Optimising position
Increasing anaerobic threshold.
Carbohydrate loaded

Correctly hydrated
Top up fuel stores

Maintain hydration

Possible use of supplements
Recovery

Rehydrate
Faria 2005
Fernandez-Garcia 2000
Lucia 2001
Taylor and Kress
Jeukendrup 2011
Saris et al 1989
Jeukendrup 2011
Jeukendrup 2004
Lukes 2005
Laursen 2002
Burke 1994
Lindsay 1996
Fernandez-Garcia 2000
Cyclists must be able to ride at an intensity around their anaerobic threshold for long periods of time
Goal of long term intervention is to raise the ceiling of maximum sustainable work
Achieved through an individualised interval training programme.
20% saving
35% saving
2
o
Full transcript