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The Sociology of Health, The Economy, & Politics

Sociology
by

Kristin Palomares

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of The Sociology of Health, The Economy, & Politics

The Economic Institution
Taboo Review
The American Economy
Economic Models
Economic Systems
Economic Institution
A system of roles & norms that governs the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
Wants
Needs
scarcity
What goods & services should be produced?
How should these goods & services be produced?
For whom should these goods & services be produced?
Factors of Production
Shift to the provision of services
Postindustrial Societies
Use of raw materials to manufacture goods
Industrial Society
Economic Institutions
Primary Sector
Extraction of raw materials from the environment
Preindustrial Society
Secondary Sector
Tertiary Sector
Factors of Production
Capitalism
Socialism
Communism
Controlled by private individuals
Law of Supply = Producers will supply more products when they can charge higher prices & fewer products when they must charge lower prices
Law of Demand = Consumers will demand more of a product as the price of the product decreases
Laissez-Faire = "let do" = free-enterprise systems
Controlled by the state
Command economy
Controlled by the people as a whole
Karl Marx
The Rise of Corporate Capitalism
A business organization that is owned by stockholders and is treated by law as if it were an individual person
20% of business in U.S.
88% of business sales
Oligopoly = a market situation in which a few large companies control an industry
Protectionism = use of trade barriers to protect domestic manufacturers from foreign competition
Free Trade = not restricted by trade barriers
The Globalization of Corporate Capitalism
Multinational
Any corporation that has factories & offices in several countries
The Changing Nature of Work
E-Commerce
Business conducted over the internet
Economic Institution
Factors of Production
Primary Sector
Secondary Sector
Tertiary Sector
Capitalism
Socialism
Law of Supply
Law of Demand
Laissez-Faire
Free-Enterprise
Communism
Corporations
Oligopoly
Protectionism
Free Trade
Multinational
E-Commerce
The Political Institution
Taboo Review
The American Political System
Types of Government
The Legitimacy of Power
Health, The Economy & Politics
POWER
The ability to control the behavior of others with or without their consent
In complex societies it is exercised through...
State
Political Institution
Primary political authority in society
System of roles and norms that governs the distribution and exercise of power in society
Legitimacy
Refers to whether those in power are viewed as having the right to control others
Authority
Traditional
Rational Legal
Charismatic
Weber's term for legitimate power
Power based on long-standing custom
Formal rules and regulations
Based on the personal characteristics of the individual exercising the power
Coercion
Opposite of authority
Power that is considered illegitimate by the people being governed
Exercised through force or the threat of force and is based on fear
Health
Conclusion
Health & Current Events
Food Inc.
Current Context
Should obese children be taken from their parents?
4 min
Americans & Poverty
4 min
Should health insurance be mandatory?
Should people be paid to stay healthy?
Should we regulate who can have children?
What is the relationship between health and wealth?
Lunch Survey
It was...
fast or easy
what I usually eat
nutritious
tasted good
a good price
in season
not my choice
America's Health Rankings
Fast Food To All Food
Do animals have the right to a certain quality of life?
A cornucopia of Choices
Do people have the right to know what is in their food?
Unintended Consequences
Who is responsible for keeping our food safe?
The Dollar Menu
Should access to healthy food be a right for everyone?
In The Grass
When deciding what to eat, how much should we consider the workers who pick, process, and transport it?
Hidden Costs
Does it matter to you which food companies produce your food?
From Seed To The Supermarket
Should companies be able to own the DNA contained in plant seeds?
The Veil
Should a company have the power to decide what information to give consumers about the food it produces?
http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/poverty-rate-increases-recession-highest-level-1994-census/story?id=11652753#.ULJRcKUulC8
Anarchy
Autocracy
Tyranny
Dictatorship
Totalitarianism
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Oligarchy
Democracy
Republic
Capitalism
Socialism
Communism
Utopia
Political Party
An organization that seeks to gain power through legitimate means
Voters Views
Legislation
Interest Group
An organization that attempts to influence the political decision-making process
Ensures that minority parties, and thus viewpoints, receive a voice in the government
Proportional Representation
Who Rules America?
Power-Elite Model
Pluralist Model
Political power is exercised by and for the privileged few in society
The political process is controlled by interest groups that compete with one another for power
Who has a voice?
Power
State
Political Institution
Legitimacy
Authority
Traditional Authority
Rational-Legal Authority
Charismatic Authority
Coercion
Democracy
Monarchy
Socialism
Dictatorship
Political Party
Proportional Representation
Interest Group
Power-elite model
Pluralist Model
Full transcript