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The Sociology of Health, The Economy, & Politics
Transcript of The Sociology of Health, The Economy, & Politics
The American Economy
A system of roles & norms that governs the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
What goods & services should be produced?
How should these goods & services be produced?
For whom should these goods & services be produced?
Factors of Production
Shift to the provision of services
Use of raw materials to manufacture goods
Extraction of raw materials from the environment
Factors of Production
Controlled by private individuals
Law of Supply = Producers will supply more products when they can charge higher prices & fewer products when they must charge lower prices
Law of Demand = Consumers will demand more of a product as the price of the product decreases
Laissez-Faire = "let do" = free-enterprise systems
Controlled by the state
Controlled by the people as a whole
The Rise of Corporate Capitalism
A business organization that is owned by stockholders and is treated by law as if it were an individual person
20% of business in U.S.
88% of business sales
Oligopoly = a market situation in which a few large companies control an industry
Protectionism = use of trade barriers to protect domestic manufacturers from foreign competition
Free Trade = not restricted by trade barriers
The Globalization of Corporate Capitalism
Any corporation that has factories & offices in several countries
The Changing Nature of Work
Business conducted over the internet
Factors of Production
Law of Supply
Law of Demand
The Political Institution
The American Political System
Types of Government
The Legitimacy of Power
Health, The Economy & Politics
The ability to control the behavior of others with or without their consent
In complex societies it is exercised through...
Primary political authority in society
System of roles and norms that governs the distribution and exercise of power in society
Refers to whether those in power are viewed as having the right to control others
Weber's term for legitimate power
Power based on long-standing custom
Formal rules and regulations
Based on the personal characteristics of the individual exercising the power
Opposite of authority
Power that is considered illegitimate by the people being governed
Exercised through force or the threat of force and is based on fear
Health & Current Events
Should obese children be taken from their parents?
Americans & Poverty
Should health insurance be mandatory?
Should people be paid to stay healthy?
Should we regulate who can have children?
What is the relationship between health and wealth?
fast or easy
what I usually eat
a good price
not my choice
America's Health Rankings
Fast Food To All Food
Do animals have the right to a certain quality of life?
A cornucopia of Choices
Do people have the right to know what is in their food?
Who is responsible for keeping our food safe?
The Dollar Menu
Should access to healthy food be a right for everyone?
In The Grass
When deciding what to eat, how much should we consider the workers who pick, process, and transport it?
Does it matter to you which food companies produce your food?
From Seed To The Supermarket
Should companies be able to own the DNA contained in plant seeds?
Should a company have the power to decide what information to give consumers about the food it produces?
An organization that seeks to gain power through legitimate means
An organization that attempts to influence the political decision-making process
Ensures that minority parties, and thus viewpoints, receive a voice in the government
Who Rules America?
Political power is exercised by and for the privileged few in society
The political process is controlled by interest groups that compete with one another for power
Who has a voice?