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Adjective Clauses

For High Intermediate A
by

Caitlin Dwyer

on 31 January 2017

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Transcript of Adjective Clauses

Adjective Clauses
with relative pronouns

The Basics
-
They identify or give extra information
I know the woman. Which woman?
I know the woman who lives across the street.

- They can describe nouns or pronouns.
Portland,
which is my hometown, is my favorite city.

I'd like to meet
someone
who speaks Dutch.

Nouns: people, places, things
Pronouns: he she it / someone, something, one, another, somebody, other(s)

- You think of them like a combination of two sentences.
I have a friend. She loves to shop.
I have a friend who loves to shop.

She has a son. His name is Max.
She has a son whose name is Max.


Be careful!
The relative pronoun should be next to the noun it describes. Otherwise things get very silly very quickly.

Ben loves ice cream. He lives in Boston.

Ben loves ice cream who lives in Boston?
This says that the ice cream lives in Boston!!!!!!

Ben, who lives in Boston, loves ice cream.
Now the "who" is close to "Ben" and describes him.

There are two types of adjective clauses
Identifying (restrictive)

Nonidentifying (nonrestrictive)
Place & Punctuation
Adjective clauses can go at the end of a sentence, or in the middle.
I read a book
that discusses friends.
The book,
which discusses friends,
is by Ruben.

For nonidentifying clauses...
In writing, the clause is surrounded by commas. This means the information is not necessary to the sentence and could be removed.
My sister Halima, who came to visit, lives in Seattle.
PRONOUNS
- Adjective clauses begin with
relative pronouns.
Relative pronouns that can be the subject of a clause:
who, that, which, where, and whose.

He is my friend who speaks Spanish.

Portland is a city that attracts a lot of students.

NIKE is the brand whose shoes I am wearing.
People
Who and that

I have a friend
who
lives in Mexico

I have a friend
that
lives in Mexico.
Identifying
- Tells which member of a group the sentence is talking about.
She is my sister who is an actor.
(I have more than one sister - one of them is an actor)
- Does not use commas

I have a lot of friends.
My friend who lives in Seattle
visits me a lot.
My friend who lives in New York
doesn't visit often.
Nonidentifying
- Gives additional information that is not necessary, but maybe interesting.
I have a lot of good friends. My best friend Paul, who lives in Seattle, visits me often.

- Uses a comma before and after the adjective clause

- Does not use the pronoun "that." Uses "who" for people and "which" for places and things.
Places & Things
Which, That, and Where

New York is a city
that
has a lot of tourists.

New York is a city
which
has a lot of tourists.

New York,
where
I grew up, has a lot of tourists.
Possession
Whose

She's the neighbor
whose
house is for sale.

Scott is someone
whose
name is easy to remember.
Full transcript