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Report in Special Topic 2

estrelita refuerzo

on 3 April 2013

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GRAPHIC ORGANIZER AS TECHNOLOGY BASED Power Point Presentation Free online diagramming tool This is a web-based or desktop software for organizing information. The website has web-based software trials. These trials live in the cloud and can be accessed from anywhere with Internet access. Graphic organizers are one way for visual thinkers to arrange their ideas. Graphic organizers have many names including visual maps, mind mapping, and visual organizers. Although many people plan with paper and pencil, technology tools can be very helpful because they allow easy editing. They can also be shared through disk, networks, email, or on the web. Creating Graphic Organizers with Technology Create diagrams Mindjet is software for brainstorming, sharing ideas, creating plans, prioritizing tasks, and working across teams to implement projects MindMaple is a highly versatile mind mapping software program that offers businesses, educators and home users the ability to clearly map out their ideas. Templates from Microsoft that make creating a graphic organizer in PowerPoint easy Create diagrams with
online real-time
collaboration Grapholite online and desktop diagramming solution for designing flowcharts, organizational charts, mind maps, Venn charts, database structures, web-site structures etc.Free online diagramming tool Simple and free online mind mapping tool is a free online diagram drawing application for workflow, BPM, org charts, UML, ER, network diagrams MindMeister is an online mind mapping software that allows its users to visualize their thinking Prezi is a cloud-based presentation software that opens up a new world between whiteboards and slides. The zoomable canvas makes it fun to explore ideas As a matter of fact, the World Wide Web is one large (some would say humongous) collection of graphical pages Downloadable/
Web Based/
Online Interactive Graphic organizers guide learners’ thinking as they fill in and build upon a visual map or diagram. Graphic organizers are some of the most effective visual learning strategies for students and are applied across the curriculum to enhance learning and understanding of subject matter content. In a variety of formats dependent upon the task, graphic organizers facilitate students’ learning by helping them identify areas of focus within a broad topic, such as a novel or article. Because they help the learner make connections and structure thinking, students often turn to graphic organizers for writing projects. Graphic organizers (some of which are also called concept maps, entity relationship charts, and mind maps) are a pictorial way of constructing knowledge and organizing information. They help the student convert and compress a lot of seemingly disjointed information into a structured, simple-to-read, graphic display. The resulting visual display conveys complex information in a simple-to-understand manner. Graphic Organizers, Mind Maps and Concept Maps are pictorial or graphical ways to organize information and thoughts for understanding, remembering, or writing about. Graphic organizers, mind maps and concept maps are powerful tools that can be used to enhance learning and create a foundation for learning. Flowchart of How to Choose a Graphic Organizer

To find an appropriate graphic organizer, answer the following questions about your topic: Star diagrams are useful for basic brainstorming about a topic or simply listing all the major traits related to a theme.

For example, a star diagram can be used to create a graphic display describing all you know about dinosaurs (when they lived, what kinds there were, how big they were, what they ate, where fossils have been found, etc.) or a graphic display of methods that help your study skills (like taking notes, reading, doing homework, memorizing, etc.). Another use is a story star, a star diagram used to describe the key points of a story or event, noting the 5 W's: who, when, where, what, and why. Spider map (sometimes called a semantic map) is a type of graphic organizer that is used to investigate and enumerate various aspects of a single theme or topic, helping the student to organize their thoughts. It looks a bit like a spider's web, hence its name.

The process of creating a spider diagram helps the student focus on the topic, requires the student to review what they already know in order to organize that knowledge, and helps the student to monitor their growing comprehension of the topic. It also helps point out the areas where the student must investigate more (where the web is hard to fill out). A fishbone map (sometimes called a herringbone map) is used to explore the many aspects or effects of a complex topic, helping the student to organize their thoughts in a simple, visual way. The use of color helps make a fishbone map clearer and easier to interpret.

If the topic at hand involves investigating attributes associated with a single, complex topic, and then obtaining more details on each of these ideas, use a fishbone diagram as your graphic organizer. The fishbone diagram is like a spider map, but it works for more complex topics - topics that require more details to be enumerated.

The process of creating fishbone diagram helps the student focus on the topic, requires the student to review what they already know in order to organize that knowledge, and helps the student to monitor their growing comprehension of the topic. It also helps point out the areas where the student must investigate more (where the fishbone is difficult to fill out).
Tree Diagrams shows how items are related to one another. The tree's trunk represents the main topic, and the branches represent relevant facts, factors, influences, traits, people, or outcomes.Tree diagrams can be used to sort items or classify them. A family tree is an example of a tree diagram. Other examples of trees are cladistic trees (used in biological classification) and dichotomous keys (used to determine what group a specimen belongs to in biology). A Venn Diagram is made up of two or three overlapping circles. In mathematics, Venn diagrams are used to visualize the relationship between two or three sets. Venn diagrams can also be used to compare and contrast the characteristics of any other items, like groups of people, individual people, books, characters, animals, etc. Cycle Diagrams shows how items are related to one another in a repeating cycle. Use a cycle diagram when there is no beginning and no end to a repeating process.

In making a cycle diagram, the student must identify the main events in the cycle, how they interact, and how the cycle repeats. Story Maps are graphic organizers that can be useful in helping a student analyze or write a story. This type of analysis is especially good for examining fables and folktales.

Story map graphic organizers help the student identify the elements of the story and the theme or moral of the story. Some of the many elements of a story include the important characters (their appearance, personality traits, and motivations), the setting of the story (time and place), the problem faced by the characters, how the problem is approached, and the outcome. Chart diagrams (also called matrix diagrams or tables) are a type of graphic organizer that condense and organize data about multiple traits associated with many items or topics. Charts can be used to show attributes of items, to compare and contrast topics, and to evaluate information.

For example, a chart can be used to create a display of arthropod characteristics. Or a chart can be used to show key inventions, noting who invented them, when, where and why they were invented. Or a chart can be used to compare and contrast the major features of plant and animal cells or to chart plant growth.

These charts are also useful for Semantic Feature Analysis, in which a grid is used to examine the similarities and differences of a group of items, people, events etc. T-Charts are a type of chart, a graphic organizer in which a student lists and examines two facets of a topic, like the pros and cons associated with it, its advantages and disadvantages, facts vs. opinions, etc

For example, a student can use a T-chart to help graphically organize thoughts about:

Making a decision by comparing resulting advantages and disadvantages (like getting a pet or taking a new job),
Evaluating the pros and cons of a topic (for example, adopting a new invention),
Enumerating the problems and solutions associated with an action (for example, analyzing the plot of a book or a topic like poor nutrition),
Listing facts vs. opinions of a theme (great to use after reading a selection of text or a news article),
Explaining the strengths and weaknesses of a piece of writing (useful after reading a piece of persuasive or expository writing),
Listing any two characteristics of a topic (like the main ideas for a given topic and a salient detail for each idea). Y-Charts are a type of three-part chart

For example, a student can use a Y-Chart to help organize what they know about a topic by writing and/or drawing what the topic looks like, feels like, and sounds like. The student must think about a topic with respect to three of their senses, sight, hearing, and touch. In this case, the Y-Chart has sections in which the student writes and/or draws:

What it looks like,
What it sounds like,
What it feels like (or How a character feels). Chain diagrams, also called sequence of events diagrams, are a type of graphic organizer that describe the stages or steps in a process.

The student must be able to identify the first step in the process, all of the resulting stages in the procedure as they unfold, and the outcome (the final stage). In this process, the student realizes how one step leads to the next in the process, and eventually, to the outcome.

Chain diagrams are useful in examining linear cause-and-effect processes and other processes that unfold sequentially. Pie chart diagrams (also called circle graphs) are a type of graphic organizer that are useful for displaying information about the percentages or parts of a whole. Start in the center or at the top

The starting point for information flow in a graphic organizer varies slightly depending on the type. If the graphic organizer looks like a web, with information spreading out in all directions, start in the center. If it looks more like a map or a list, start at the top of the organizer and move down. Look for arrows
Arrows are used in nearly every graphic organizer type. These simple features show you how to navigate through the information contained in the organizer. These arrows clearly indicate the direction or directions in which the information is flowing. Determine the organizational structure
To effectively pull information from the graphic organizer, you need to determine how it is organized. Generally this information is either ordered in a chronological fashion or the information moves gradually from broad to specific. Look at the information provided, and decide which order type the graphic organizer you are dealing with is employing. Consider relationship
Graphic organizers create relationships between elements. When reading the graphic organizer, consider the relationships that the organizer is demonstrating. How to read graphic organizer? Cause and Effect diagrams, also called sequence of events diagrams, describe how events affect one another in a process.
The student must be able to identify and analyze the cause(s) and the effect(s) of an event or process. In this process, the student realizes how one step affects the other. Cluster diagrams (also called cloud diagrams) are a type of non-linear graphic organizer that can help to systematize the generation of ideas based upon a central topic. Using this type of diagram, the student can more easily brainstorm a theme, associate about an idea, or explore a new subject Bloom's Taxonomy
Graphic Organizers can be used to promote higher order thinking skills. Refer to this chart to determine the type of organizer you would use to reach each level of Bloom's Taxonomy. Guidelines for Use Flowchart diagrams are a type of graphic organizer that visually display a chain of instructions used to complete an algorithm or other complicated process.
Flowcharts have a beginning, multiple possible outcomes at some nodes, rules at some nodes, and possible multiple endings. In flowcharts, different symbols have different meanings.
Arrows represent the direction of flow.Circles and ovals are starting, stopping, or control points.Diamonds are decision points.Rectangles and squares are steps at which processing takes place.Parallelograms represent input or output. KWHL Charts (also called "What I Know" Charts, KWL charts, and Know-Wonder-Learn charts) are a type of chart, a graphic organizer that help the student organize what they know and what they want to learn about a topic before and after the research is done.
A KWHL chart should be used before, during, and after a student reads about a new topic. Filling out this chart prepares a student for reading about a topic, helps in reviewing what has been learned about the material, gives help in obtaining more information, and readies the student to write about what they've learned.
K stands for what you already KNOW about the subject.
W stands for what you WANT to learn.H stands for figuring out HOW you can learn more about the topic.L stands for what you LEARN as you read. Fact or Opinion Graphic Organizers
Graphic organizers can be used to help distinguish facts vs. opinions in a theme or text.
Facts are statements that can be shown to be true or can be proved, or something that really happened. You can look up facts in an encyclopedia or other reference, or see them for yourself. For example, it is a fact that broccoli is good for you (you can look this up in books about healthy diets).
Opinions express how a person feels about something -- opinions do not have to be based upon logical reasoning. For example, it is an opinion that broccoli tastes good (or bad). Decision Making Graphic Organizers
Graphic organizers can be very useful in making a decision because they force the student to think about what the problem is, what the possible alternatives are, and what the consequences (positive and negative) of each alternative could be. Then the decision can be more easily analyzed.
The graphic organizer guides the student through a four-stage decision-making process. The stages in the process are:
State the decision that needs to be made.List possible alternatives.
List the pros and cons (the consequences) associated with each of the alternatives.Compare the consequences each of the alternatives in order to make the decision (and/or evaluate the alternatives pairwise). Vocabulary Map Graphic Organizers
Vocabulary maps are graphic organizers that can be useful in helping a student learn new vocabulary words.
For each new vocabulary word, the student writes the word, its definition, its part of speech (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, etc.), a synonym, an antonym, draws a picture that illustrates the meaning of the word, and writes a meaningful sentence using the word. Examples of Graphic Organizer Reported by: Lorena
Amano Cresteta
Fetalvero Estrelita
P. Refuerzo Fe Marie
Briones RESEARCH AND THEORY From research and theory , there were distinct main points discovered to why graphic organizers are considered a useful teaching strategy for learning , that educators or instructors can employ in a lesson. These main points are the following : Graphic organizers provides an overview of materials to be learned into orderly patterns and it’s also a cue for important information (Merkley & Jeffries , 2000). Graphic organizers aids in relating new information to prior knowledge ( Eshleman , 1997 , 2000). Graphic Organizers are visual stimuli for written and verbal communication (Merkley & Jeffries , 2000). Graphic Organizers are computationally more efficient than outlines or texts (Katayama & Robinson , 2000). Graphic organizers engages students in learning , resulting in encoding benefits (Katayama & Robinson , 2000). Graphic Organizers are useful as a conceptual communicative tool ( Frye , 1981). Reasons
for Using
Graphic Organizers Tools for critical
creative thinking. Tools for
information Tools for
and relationships. Tools for
depicting knowledge
and understanding. Tools
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