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Emily Dickinson

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Brianna Mason

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson 1830-1886 Early Years Writing Period Later Years Death and Illness Otis Lord Phillips Emily Dickinson's Death Dickinson's father died in 1874; her mother had a stroke in 1875; her nephew died at age 8 in 1883; Otis Lord died in 1884; another close friend, Helen Hunt Jackson, died in 1885 Dickinson and Lord, a friend of her father's, had a romance in the 1870's and 1880's Dickinson fell ill in the early 1880's. She stayed ill for several years until her death at age 55 on May 15, 1886. 1865 Emily Dickinson underwent treatments for a painful eye condition Relationships Dickinson stayed close with family her whole life. She only shared a few of her poems with family, though, and absolutely no one else. Recovered letters between Dickinson and an unidentified individual were recovered, suggesting an intense, troubled romantic relationship. Civil War During her writing period, Dickinson had a major creative output in which she wrote most of her poems. In this time, president Lincoln was in power and the Civil War was taking place, starting in 1861 Throughout her whole life, Dickinson lived closely with family. In her later years, the poet stayed on the family estate with her parents, brother, sister, and in laws. She loved to garden. Schooling Dickinson attended Amherst Academy for seven years, and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary for one year. Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830 She was born on the Homestead, her family's estate. She lived in Amherst, Massachusetts. Her schooling was exeptional for girls in the early 1800's, but not uncommon for those living in Amherst. 1858-1865 As Dickinson's school friends married and moved away, she felt an increasing need for a teacher and companion to help her cope with her writing. Relationships Hope http://www.emilydickinsonmuseum.org/




http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_did_the_American_Civil_War_begin Works Cited Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul
And sings the tune without the words
And never stops- at all

And sweetest in the gale is heard
And sore must be the storm
That could abash my little bird
That kept so many warm

I’ve heard it in the chilliest land
And on the strangest sea
Yet never-in extremity-
It asked a crumb- of me 1. What does this poem mean to you?

2. This poem is an extended metaphor. What is the metaphor?

3. How does this contribute to the meaning of the poem? How might the piece be different if the author did not use a metaphor but was straight out in her approach to the subject?

4. Label the rhyme pattern for this poem.

5. We already know that hope being described as a bird is a metaphor. What else is it? (hint: think literary terms) Class Discussion 6. What is the author's tone (attitude towards the subject)? How can you tell?

7. Where is the imagery in this poem? How does it contribute to the mood?

8. What is the point of view and how would the poem be different if a different point of view were used?

9. What is the mood of the poem and which phrases contribute to it?

10. Poetry is meant to evoke emotion.Think about how this poem makes you feel. Brianna Mason LITERARY TERMS Symbol The bird is a symbol for hope. Birds often are considered beautiful, free and majestic. Because of this, people often find hope and happiness in seeing a bird soaring by. Therefore, Dickinson chose to use a bird to symbolize hope. This way, she can better describe how reliable and wonderful it can be. The speaker in this poem is a person who has been through tough times and survived because she kept her hope. This speaker is fond of hope and is almost eulogizing it. Because of her great love of the nature of hope, she shows us how wonderful it is. This would be a very different poem if the speaker was someone who has never experienced hope or even finds it destructive. Speaker There are several examples of alliteration in this piece. In stanza one, "without the words". In stanza two, "sore must be the storm", and in stanza three, "strangest sea". These inconspicuous phrases are scattered throughout the piece, adding to the rhythm and flow. They simply are there to add to the overall beauty of the piece. Alliteration The bird is personified in this poem. In stanza two, it says "kept so many warm", referring to the bird. Also, in the last stanza, it says " it asked a crumb- of me", also referring to the bird. Obviously, birds cannot keep humans warm or ask them for things. These examples are personification. This is used to show the nature of this particular bird, which represents hope. It explains how the nature of hope almost suggests human qualities, implying that it has a mind of its own. This is simply to show us the complexity of this concept. Personification Emily Dickinson's complex writing style is exemplified in this piece. Rather than telling us her opinion of hope, she shows it to us. She tells us a story about hope, about how it "sings the tune without the words And never stops- at all", and how it sings "sweetest in the gale" and how, after it has sung for us for ages and followed us everywhere, still "never- in extremity- It asked a crumb- of me". Notice that she does not once say in her poem 'hope is always there and is reliable'. She never tells us that 'hope will give itself to you and never need anything in return'. Rather, She shows us these important ideas through the bird's actions. Style This poem is really about the nature of hope. It is always there when we need it and we never have to do anything special to receive it. Hope is just always there, inside of you. THEME
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