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Unit 110 - Understanding the Principals of a Healthy Lifestyle

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Scott Macdonald

on 6 August 2013

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Transcript of Unit 110 - Understanding the Principals of a Healthy Lifestyle

Unit 110
Leading a Healthy Lifestyle

What will I learn from this Unit?
Lifestyle
What is it?

They way in which people live their everyday lives. The lifestyle of a person can have a good or bad effect on a persons health.
Fitness
Fitness is the ability to meet the demands of your everyday environment.
From this unit your will learn:
What lifestyle is and the factors that can affect it.
The effects of a healthy lifestyle on the body
The main nutrients required in a healthy diet, and what food sources you can find them in.
What the different types of fitness are.
The physical and psychological benefits of exercise.

What can affect a persons lifestyle?
The benefits of a healthy lifestyle
Following a healthy lifestyle has the following benefits:
Longer life expectancy
Increased confidence
Lower risk of disease
Improved sleeping pattern
How you can follow a healthy lifestyle?
Have a good, regular sleep pattern.
Eat healthily.
Regular exercise
Regular social activities
Limit your social vices (i.e. smoking, alcohol & drugs)
A persons lifestyle can be affected by a number of different things. Some of these factors are described below.
Smoking
Smoking provides a financial burden on the person as the average cost of a pack of 20 cigarettes is now £6.18. This means a heavy smoker of 20 a day spends around over £2200 each year.
It also increases the risk of Heart Disease, Cancer (particularly Lung, Throat Mouth) and Asthma, plus causes dental problems and people to suffer discouloured hands and to smell of smoke.
Alcohol
Alcohol can affect a persons ability to make reasonable decisions and can have adverse affects on a persons health.
It can cause problems such as Liver Failure and Mouth Cancer, but also increase the risk of injury as alcohol can causes poor co-ordination and increased confidence.
Addiction can also cause financial issues and greatly increases a persons chance of committing a criminal offence.
Drugs
Drugs can make a person more energetic or more lethargic, depending on what drug they have taken.
Drugs can also lead to bad lifestyle choices and decisions as they can cause irrational behaviour, as well as increasing the risk of catching deadly diseases and infections such as HIV/AIDS or Hepatitis B/C through sharing needles or by taking poorly produced drugs.
Exercise
Exercise provide many benefits to a persons lifestyle. It can make people feel happier and more confident, as well as providing benefits to peoples health.
There is a proven correlation between regular exercise and lower risk of diseases such as Heart Disease, Cancer and Diabetes.
As well as this it provides social benefits to people, giving opportunities for people to interact with one another and to also relieve stress.
Diet
Diet has an effect on a persons lifestyle because it can affect a number of different things. For example, a person with a diet with high levels of fat and sugar are more likely to develop dieases such as Chronic Heart Disease or Diabetes than a person who eats a lot of Carbohydrates or protein.
It can also affect what a person can afford. A person who choses to eat only fresh food will spend more than someone who lives on frozen meals or fast food.
Sleep
Sleep can play a massive affect on a persons lifestlye. Lack of sleep makes people feel lethargic and stops people from taking part in certain activities. It can cause stress and lack of performance in a lot of basic tasks.
As well as this there is a big link between lack of sleep and mental health disorders plus some diseases.

Social Factors
Social factors such as a persons age, gender, cultural background, education and social class will also affect their lifestyle.
Age will see people develop different tastes for what they enjoy and as people get older they tend to take up hobbies such as Gardening or Bowls to stay active and fill some of their free time.
Gender will see people do different activities. For example men are more likely to take part in social activities such as joining a sports club than women, however women are more likely to maintain a healthy diet.
What are the components of a Healthy Diet?
Lets find out...
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy in a diet and come in two forms, simple and complex.
Simple carbs break down quickly and provide a short energy burst, they are found in sugary foods and fruits.
Complex carbs break down slowly and provide long term fuelling for the body. They are found in foods such as pasta, porridge and potatoes.
Fats
Fats are a secondary source of energy to the body, and it is also used to provide protection for the vital organs and bones. There are two types of fats - saturated and unsaturated.
Saturated fats are unhealthy and can cause health problems such as chronic hearth disease. They are harder to break down and can be stored easier (causing you to gain weight easily). They are found in foods such as bacon, sausages, butter, chocolate and cheese.
Unsaturated fats are healthier and easier to break down. They are found in foods such as nuts, fish and dairy products.
Protein
Protein is used to aid growth and repair of the body and its msucles. It can also be used as a energy source, but this is very rare once reserves of carbohydrates and fats have been used up.
It can be found in meats, pulses, nuts and fish.
Fibre
Fibre cannot be digested and helps to clear the system (basically, it makes you poo properly!) It aids with weight loss as it doesnt stay in the system and fills you up.
It can be found in fruit, vegetables and wholegrain cereals.
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and Minerals are things that we add into our diets to make strengthen our bodies. They are found in natural products such as fruit and vegetables and can also be found in supplements.
Examples of Vitamins include Vitamin B (aids blood production), Vitamin C (create new body cells and heal wounds) and Vitamin D (Good for your Skin).
Examples of Minerals include Iron (which helps construct blood), calcium (strengthens bones) and Zinc (helps hair and eyesight).
Water
Water is important as it keeps the body hydrated and 70% of the body is made up of water.
Water can be found in all foods!
What are the different types of fitness?
Emotional Fitness
Awareness of, and ability to manage and express emotions assertively, and with respect to self and others.

Mental Fitness
Awareness of thinking patterns and ability to manage thinking to make positive decisions and life choices.

Social Fitness
Ability to create and maintain healthy relationships.

Medical Fitnes
Being free from disease and illness, and making lifestyle choices that maintain medical fitness.
Nutritional Fitness
Eating a variety of foods from major food groups and maintaining a calorie intake appropriate for needs and demands

Physical Fitness
Maintaining an active lifestyle that contributes to maintaining levels of cardiovascular and muscular fitness and flexibility

The benefits of staying physically fit.
Decreased risk of diseases linked to prolonged inactivity (coronary heart disease, obesity – type II diabetes)
Control body weight (fat)
Normalise high blood pressure
Improved sleep pattern
Decrease in levels of stress
Improved self esteem
Improved social skills (increase in self confidence)
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