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Social Issues and Social Policy

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Amy Burnage

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Social Issues and Social Policy

Social Issues and Social Policy
Seminar Map 2013

University of Birmingham
IASS Module 08 22084

Case Study 1:
Poverty

Week 6: Legacy of the Poor Law
Questions:

What words do you associate with the terms poor and poverty?
Why do particular images predominate in wider discussions of poverty?
How does "othering" occur through the use of these images?
Reading:
Jones, O. (2011) Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class. London: Verso, ch.1.
Week 5: Who are the poor?
Case Study 3:
Crime and Punishment

Week 11: Crime, Criminal Law and Criminalisation
Questions:
What do you think social policy is all about?
Why have you decided to study it?
What do you want to get out of it?
Tasks:
Definitions Team Challenge
Voting Results and Discussion
Admin:
Week 20 - Recap and Revision
Questions:

What are the major difficulties these children identify?
What are the main causes of their difficulties?
In what ways might we intervene in order to enhance the wellbeing of these children?
Should child poverty be regarded as a social problem, and if so, why?
Reading:
Scott-Clark, C. and Levy, A. (2011) ‘Some people bully you because your house is not fancy’, The Guardian (4 June, 2011).
Week 2: Poor Kids
Questions:

What makes a problem "social", rather than "individual"?
What's the difference between the subjectivist and objectivist approaches to defining social problems?
Which approach is better?
How does Joel Best's model help us to understand the way social issues are defined and responded to?
Reading:
Best, J (2008) Social Problems. W.W. Norton: New York. Chapter 1
Week 3: What is a
Social Problem?
Questions:

What is social policy?
What are the distinguishing features of a welfare state, and what should they be?
What has been the legacy of the 1942 Beveridge report?
What is a "mixed welfare economy"?
Reading:
Alcock, P. (2008) Social Policy in Britain. (3rd edn), Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, Ch.1.
Veit-Wilson, J. (2000) ` States of welfare: A conceptual challenge’ Social Policy & Administration, 34:1, pp.1-25 (Canvas)
Week 4: What is Social Policy?
Intro and Background
Week 10: Self-Help Housing
Week 9: Current Issues and Trends
Case Study 2:
Homelessness

Week 14: Race, Diversity and Equalities: 1
Week 16: Policy Responses and Prospects
Case Study 4: Race, Diversity and Equalities
Week 13: Contemporary Issues: High Crime Societies and Mass Incarceration
Week 1: Introducing Social Issues
Me: Amy Burnage - axb144@bham.ac.uk
Registers and attendance
Module guides?
Expectations in class...
Task:
Group work - Cycle of Social Problems
Tasks:
"Key pillars of social policy"
Government manifesto on welfare
Week 17: Public Health Intro
Week 18: Causes of ill-health
Week 19: Community Health Initiatives - Group work
Case Study 5:
Public Health

Tasks:
"Who are the poor?" Group work
Task:
Department for Children and Families Pledge
Week 8: Historical Background
Week 7: Making Work Pay

Do poverty policies seek to regulate the poor (and the population as a whole)?
How does the strivers vs skivers rhetoric aims to influence public opinion?
Does it succeed, and if so, what are its consequences?
Simpson, G and Connor, S. (2011) Social Policy for Social Welfare Professionals. Bristol: Policy Press. Ch. 5.
Questions:
Task:
Videos feedback: regulation or punishment
Reading:
What part do social policies play in creating and sustaining categories of the ‘poor’?
What are the different explanations for poverty, and how do these explanations underpin poverty policy?
Reading:

Grover, C. and Piggott, L. (2010) From Incapacity Benefit to Employment and Support Allowance. Policy Studies, 31(2): 265-282
Questions?
Connor, S. (2013) What’s Your Problem? Making sense of social problems and the policy process. St Albans: Critical Publishing. Ch. 2
Task:
Essay prep

Why might crime be considered a social construct?
How does criminal law reflect power relationships within society?

Group work - old crimes, new crimes
Tasks
Questions
Reading
Carson, W. (1981) White-collar crime and the institutionalisation of ambiguity
Thompson, E. P. (1990) Whigs and hunters :the origin of the Black Act
Pearson, G. (1983) Hooligan :a history of respectable fears


Week 12: Punishment and Prison

What different purposes might prisons serve?
Why did confinement become an increasingly popular form of punishment from the mid 1700s?
In what other ways was punishment sought around, and since , that time?
Tasks
Questions

Ignatieff, M. (1989) A Just Measure of Pain: the penitentiary in the industrial revolution 1750-1850
Rusche, G. & Kirchheimer, O. (1968) Punishment and Society
Garland, D. (1985) Punishment and welfare :a history of penal strategies

Forms of punishment since 1750
Reading
15 minute debates:
Case 1: First time offenders should never be imprisoned, except in the most extreme cases
Case 2: Minimum prison sentences should be one year
Case 3: No one under the age of 16 should serve a prison sentence
Questions:
How has ‘race’ been socially constructed?
If 'race' does not exist, how can it be a legal term?
Does ethnicity provide a better understanding, or is this also a flawed term?
Tasks:
Group work: What is race? What is ethnicity?
Reading:
Week 14: Race, Diversity and Equalities: 2
Questions:
Is discrimination against religion and sexual orientation the same as racial or ethnic discrimination? Why?
Can they be legally protected against in the same way?
How might discrimination under these categories go beyond a legal framework?
Tasks:
Group work: Competing equality claims
Reading:
See Canvas...
Rights-based?
Identity-based?
Resource-based?
See Canvas...
Does greater diversity or super-diversity in society increase or decrease the need to monitor diversity?
What should the role of policy be in responding to super-diversity?
Questions...
Tasks...
Policy response on super-diversity
Reading...
Monitoring tactics
See Canvas...
How is public health defined?
Why is public health a social problem?
How has the state responded to the problems associated with public health?
Should the state be responsible for addressing this issue?
Questions...
Tasks...
Whose job? The state's or mine?
Spectrum of PH policy
Reading...
Hunter, D. "Public Health" in module guide suggested reading
1) Allocate 1 reading (available on Canvas) to each group member:
Cattell (2001) Poor people, poor places, and poor health
Coote et al (2004) Finding out what works...
Curtis & Rees Jones (1998) A place for geography in health inequality?
McCally et al (1998) Poverty and ill-health
O'Neill& Williams (2004) Community and agency engagement...
2) Make "critical thinking" notes using this guide...
3) Familiarise yourself with group's community initiative case study (in hand out - also follow case web links)
4) Decide how to present your case study to the class, answering these questions (7-8 minutes long)...
In advance...
In class...
prep, present, discuss!
Questions...

1) What causes ill-health?
2) What are the key arguments of the neo-materialists and neo-Durkhimians?
3) Who is right? The neo-materialist or the neo-Durkhimians?
4) How does this debate shape the formation of the social problems to which public health policy seeks to address?

Tasks...
Sociological Mapping: income, social cohesion, class relations, and health
Policy response?
Reading...
On Canvas... (especially Muntener & Lynch - 1999)
Full transcript