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Life in a Medieval Castle

Humanities Grid Task 2 - Life in a Castle
by

Alexandra Moat

on 1 June 2013

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Transcript of Life in a Medieval Castle

By Alexandra Moat 8B GRID TASK 2 - LIFE IN A CASTLE There were many people who worked and lived in a medieval castle. Firstly, there were kings and queens. These were the most important people and were owners of the castles. Anyone else who lived in the castle was under their rule. The next important people who lived in the castle were lords. If you compare lords with our modern day, they are like prime ministers. Then there were the dukes. They were related to the king and got to live in the castle. Other people who lived or worked in a castle were barons, knights, servants and stewards. The barons had to prepare the knights for battle and look after the serfs and peasants. For their reward, they got to live in the castle for protection. The knights had to fight for their king so their reward was also to have protection in the castle. The servants and stewards had to work for the people who lived in the castle so therefore, they got to live in the castle. Who was entitled to visit the castle? Who lived and worked in a castle? Only rich people or relatives were entitled to visiting the castle. The rich people would have had to know the king or queen or other owner of the castle before visiting though, and all of the visits from everyone would have had to have been organized. Also, kings, queens and lords from other countries would have been able to visit the castle and discuss things with the king and queen of the castle. As for the rich people who owned castles, it was up to them who they let through. They probably would have let through friends and relatives and other people they knew. There would have been many guards outside of all of the castle gates stopping people who weren't entitled to visiting, from going in. Who was in charge? The person who was in charge of everyone living and/or working at the castle would have been the owner of the castle. In many cases, this was the king or queen, but in other cases, it would have been a very rich person who owned the castle. Everyone who lives or works in the castle is under the rule of the owner and therefore, the owner is in charge of the castle. What drinks
did they have? There was a big variety of drinks in the castle as the owners could obviously afford it all. They would have had the most expensive of all drinks. All of the drinks were prepared by the servants that lived in the castle. Some of the drinks they used to like were actually from Roman times, although they did not share the love of aging wine with the Romans. The drinks they had in the castle were ale, meade, cider, claret and punches. The ale actually used to have a more pleasant taste than the ale we have today and meade was made by fermenting honey and water. When it was mixed with herbs it was called "metheglin". The cider was made from apples and sometimes had a bit of pear in it too. Claret came from the wines of Bordeaux and after being sweetened with honey and spices, it turned into "hippocras". If it was sweetened even more, it turned into "malmsey". Punches were very prized and some people even believed it helped tooth decay. Other drinks in the castle were rum, whiskey and wine. What were the conditions like? The conditions of medieval castles weren't actually very good at all. They made good fortresses, but poor homes. The rooms were only small and lighted by small narrow windows. They were only heated with fireplaces, had bad ventilation and little furniture despite the fact that the owners could afford it. They apparently looked very similar to dungeons. Towards the end of the feudal period, life in a castle became much more luxurious. They had bigger windows with panels of painted glass, the walls were hung with expensive tapestries and the floors were covered with thick, colourful Oriental rugs. Conditions of the castles became a lot better towards the end of the feudal period than they were at the start. As for the toilets, they were sited near the main bed chamber and built into the outer wall of the castle. There was usually a long drop to the moat or river below the toilets. Alternatively, a long shaft into the ground would suffice. How did everything run smoothly? What entertainment
was there day and night? Humanities - Medieval Times Fun Facts / Did You Know? Bibliography THE END Information: Images: www.castlewales.com brogdencastle.wordpress.com womenshistory.about.com www.a-castle-for-rent.com traveltips.usatoday.com bobthebuilder19.wordpress.com depositphotos.com www.englishmonarchs.co.uk Thank you for watching and reading! I hope you enjoyed it! My Own Knowledge - Everything I have learned during the topic www.medieval-castle.com - There were many links on this website relating
to medieval castles. Therefore, I got a lot of my information from this website. europetravel.net castleseo.blogspot.com What food
did they have? There was an even bigger variety of food in the castle than there was drinks. They would have had many gourmet feasts and all of the top-notch expensive food. All of the food was also prepared by the servants that lived in the castle. The king, queen and lords got to enjoy eating lots of feasts of meat, vegetables, fish, geese, larks, chicken and dairy products like cheese as well. Since they could afford lots of flour and grain, they also got to eat many meals made from grain. There was a lot of grain around then. These people were the in the upper-class and therefore, got to eat lots of good food. There was also a lot of bread around back then and it wasn't all the best quality. The best quality of bread was called "manchet", which was made from properly ground wheat and was reserved for the upper-classes. It was baked in a communal oven that was usually outside of the castle wall. This was called a "four banal". While the upper-class got the best of all food, the peasants and serfs were lucky to get enough bread and water for the day. The upper-class' bread was usually made of wheat, which tasted better than the bread the lower-class got made of barley. The general diet of medieval people lacked vitamins A, C and D and was low in calories, which explains the low life expectancy of the Middle Ages. www.medievality.com - There were also many links on this website relating to medieval castles. Therefore, I got a lot of my information from this website too. marketplace.secondlife.com slowknits.com medieval.stormthecastle.com www.middle-ages.org.uk/life-in-a-middle-ages-castle.htm - This website told me a lot about the conditions and entertainment. It is reliable because it has '.org'. www.medieval-castle.com Servants would sometimes put clothes in or near the toilet because the smell would stop moths. This is where we got the name "wardrobe" - "warder" from old North French meaning to guard and "robe" meaning a garment or piece of clothing.

Most castles were actually strong enough to survive canon balls.

Castles stopped being constructed in the 15th century - end of the Middle Ages.

The toilet in the castle was actually called a "garderobe".

When the Normans came from France to England, they built the first castles out of wood and the walls around them were also made out of wood. The castles were built on a mount to make it harder for enemies to hike up to get to the castle.

The stairs inside castles always spiraled in a clockwise direction. This was so that enemies climbing up the stairs would have their swords on the wrong side, while people going down the stairs to stop them would have their swords on their good side. In medieval castles, everything ran smoothly because they had everything organized. The medieval hierarchy would have taken part in their organization because they have a clear leader and a clear lower class to do all of the work. The king or queen was in charge of everything and the servants did all of the work. There would have been servants that cooked, cleaned, did laundry, did the gardening and waited on the upper classes of the castle. There were also guards that guarded the castle from outsiders who weren't entitled to go into the castle grounds. www.thecastlecloset.com www.nationaltrust.org.uk Compare medieval
and today's entertainment The entertainment we have today is completely different to the entertainment there was in medieval castles. Today, we have televisions, computers, internet, electronics and radios for indoors, and for outdoors we have sport playing, music concerts, sporting venues, productions and firework displays. Some people might play card games, chess or other board games as well. In medieval times, there were card games, chess, jesters, gambling, gambling with dice and hosting or attending big banquets or feasts. The people of today would die of boredom in the Middle Ages because everyone is so used to technology and people from the Middle Ages wouldn't be able to work the technology from today. The entertainment from the Middle Ages is completely different to what there is today. sites.google.com craigsmedievalblog.blogspot.com www.astroamerica.com There wasn't very much fun or amusement in the castle by itself. This is why there were jesters hired and other entertainment brought into the castle. Some of the entertainment was chess games, card games, gambling, gambling with a dice, watching jesters, watching groups of entertainers and hosting or attending large banquets or feasts. Without all of these, life in the castle would be very boring and there would be nothing to do. Only the upper classes got to enjoy this type of fun and entertainment while the lower class kept working. arstechnica.com www.cellphonepartner.com listverse.com/2012/05/27/top-10-fascinating-facts-about-castles/ - I got most of my facts for my "Fun Facts / Did You Know?" from this website.
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