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WORLD WAR TWO
Transcript of WORLD WAR TWO
A timeline of the second World War
The Outbreak of WW2
The second world war was caused mainly by Hitler and his German superpower invading Poland, breaching the Munich Agreement set up by Neville Chamberland and Adolf Hitler. Hitler had invaded other countries before Poland, Czechoslovakia and Austria included. Adolf Hitler had done other aggravating things before invading Poland, but Britain simply 'swept it under the rug.'
The 'Phony War' period
The Phony War was a period at the start of the second World War in which there was very little fights occurring. Although Britain had declared war, they were woefully unprepared in the sense that they could not match the forces of German army that was three million strong. Britain and France both waited for their forces to build up to at least have a chance against Germany.
Capitulation of France
'The Fall of France' had started by the German operation 'Case Yellow' where German ground units pushed through Ardennes to cut off the Allied forces in Belgium. 'Case Red' was the second German operation which commenced on June 5 1940, this was a small resistance from French forces to try and deter German forces but Germany attacked heavily. On June 22nd 1940, an armistice was signed between France and Germany so that Germany could occupy north and west France, but they agreed on preserving the French monuments. The Germans spared France from another casualty of war.
27th May - 4th June
Evacuation of Dunkirk
The Evacuation of Dunkirk, or 'Operation Dynamo' was the evacuation of Allied soldiers from the harbour of Dunkirk. This operation was made when German forces cut off Allied forces and made them retreat to the shores. This was only made possible because Germany showed mercy and stopped firing under Hitler's direct orders.
Operation Sea Lion
Operation Sea Lion was a German offensive on Britain to try and force a surrender. This attack was eventually revoked by Hitler himself because he did not want to start with Britain right now, he was more concerned about conquering communist Russia. Hitler had a great compassion for Britain and he admired the way the operated.
'Operation Barbarossa' was the name of the German attempt to invade and conquer the Soviet Union. About four million Axis soldiers were sent out along a 2,900 km trek across the USSR front. This was driven by Hitlers determination to overrun the 'communist pigs' that they were referred to as by Germans. This operation was thought to only last six week but in realization it last eighteen months and many Germans were killed because of it.
August 1942 - February 1943
Battle Of Stalingrad
The Battle of Stalingrad was a very significant part of WWII as a kind of turning point for the Allied powers. This battle went on for about five months between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union over the control of Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad had begun because of the German movement 'Operation Barbarossa' which was an attempt to invade Russia on its long western front, this long journey made the German supply lines extremely stretched out so there was little defenses. Soviet Russians used this to their advantage and flanked Germany from all angles when they reached Stalingrad, this made the Nazi forces already weakened for the long battle ahead, also the freezing -42 temperatures of the Russian winter obliterated many Nazis. This battle was so significant becasue it showed the world that Hitler could be beaten.
The Attack on Pearl Harbour was a suprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the American Naval Base Pearl Harbour in Hawaii on December 7th 1941. This attacked reluctantly pulled America into the second World War after declaring war on Japan.The purpose of this attack was to stop USA interfering with plans made by the Empire of Japan. The Attack on Pearl Harbour was a great shock to the entire American population because they did not expect it to be Japan attacking them. Italy and Germany declared war on the U.S three days after the attack.
Fall of Singapore
The Fall of Singapore, or "The Battle of Singapore' was the defeat of an Ally base set up in Malaya. The Japanese were looking to expand their resources for the sole purpose of continuing the fight against the Allied nations. When the battle had begun, it looked as though the Japanese would be fought off because they had such vast number compared to the Allied Colony. The Japanese had a very effective air force and they also had the element of surprise, this caught the Allied forces and they were forced to retreat to deeper defense points. Japan pushed the forces all the way to their last stronghold, and that is where 80,000 allies surrendered to 30,000 Japanese militants.
The Bombing of Darwin
The Bombing of Darwin was the first and largest attack on Australia by an opposing force. After succeeding in the capitulation of Malaya, Japan looked to eliminate any threats that would stop them from invading Timor and Java. Although Darwin was a key point in defending Australia from an attack, it was very poorly defended. Many Australians began to get worried because it was the very first attack on Australia and they were worried that more were to come. All of the surviving occupants of Darwin fled south, knowing that it was not safe to remain there. This attack was the first of 100 further air attacks on Australia.
The D-Day Invasion
The D-Day Invasion, otherwise know as 'The Battle of Normandy' was the successful Allied invasion on German controlled western-Europe. The decision to proceed with the attack was made in May 1943 at the Trident Conference in Washington D.C. This operation was a two-staged initial attack which first consisted of many tactical air raids on German airfields and fuel supplies, this was called 'Operation Pointblank'. The second was an amphibious approach in which Allied forces cross the channel and gain a foothold on the Normandy beach, this was called 'Operation Neptune'. Compared to previous attacks, the Battle of Normandy was well planned, Allied forces deceived the Germans by using visual and electronic misinformation of where and when the attack would take place. By May 1944, 1.5 million American soldiers arrived in England and prepared their assault. With these combined forces, they started launching amphibious craft across the channel, with minesweepers leading. While, one thousand bombers were sent ahead and began the initial assault on the Normandy beach to give a opening for the amphibious forces. The port Cherbourg was captured on June 26 and the city of Caen on the 21st of July. These ambitious feats lead to the Liberation of France.
Liberation of Paris
The Liberation of Paris was part of 'The D-Day Invasion' in which the German Garrison holding Paris was defeated and made to surrender. The attack was launched by a small French resistance on August 15th following the movements of Germans. This left the streets nearly empty and the French irregulars attacked, starting small firefights with the little German forces. Only five thousand German militants occupied the city at this time, the other 15,000 on the outskirts. The French resistance fought for several days until another French force (French for of the Interior) and the U.S third army arrived with reinforcements. A day after the arrival of Allied forces, on the 25th of August 1944, the Germans surrendered Paris and the French republic was re-established.
Battle of Berlin
The Battle of Berlin was thought to be the last major offensive in the theater of war in WWII. Beginning on January 12th 1945, the Soviet Union breached the German front and advanced westward at 40 kilometers each day through East Prussia, Lower Silesia, East Pomerania and Upper Silesia. They halted at a point 60 kilometers east of Berlin, on the 20th of April, two forces attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third force broke through German forces positioned north of Berlin. Germans had been preparing defenses since March 20th when they received word that the Soviets had overran their initial defensive front. The forces that the Soviet Union applied to this battle easily overpowered the existing German forces, this was part of their success. Since the Russians had encircle Berlin, they had a strategic and empowering advantage that they used to demolish the Germans. Soviet Russia used a combination of heavy artillery and immense ground units to overrun and in total defeat and destroy what was essentially Nazi Germany. This success lead to the suicide of Adolf Hitler and eventually the surrender of the Germans.
Suicide of Adolf Hitler
On April 30th, 1945, shortly before the defeat of Nazi Germany in Berlin, Adolf Hitler the Fuhrer of Germany, committed suicide in his control bunker. To his previous, direct instructions, he was taken upstairs through an emergency exit into a garden, where he was doused in petrol and set alight. His wife Eva, followed him by ingesting cyanide.
August 6th - August 15th
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Surrender of Japan
In August of 1945, the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed by American nuclear weapons. The 6th of August was the first of two bombings on Japan, a uranium gun-type atomic bomb called 'Little Boy' was dropped on Hiroshima and killed up to 166,000 Japanese people. The second of these bombs was an plutonium implosion-type atomic weapon called 'Fat Man' and it was dropped on Nagasaki killing up to 80,000 people. These unnecessary attacks were put into affect to safe the lose of anymore American soldiers. Japan surrendered on August 15th after Soviet Russia declared war and therefor ended the Second World War
These were the horrific events of World War 2, over sixty million people died as a result, and 40 million were civilians.