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The Holodomor

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by

Christopher Nyitrai

on 1 December 2010

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Transcript of The Holodomor

The Holodomor 1. Classification 3. Dehumanization 4. Organization 5. Polarization 6. Preparation The Genocide-Famine in Ukraine from 1932-1933 In 1917, independence and breaking free from Soviet rule is an important national interest of the Ukrainian people. The promotion of the distinct Ukrainian culture was called "Ukrainization" and lead to a greater appetite for self-determination. Stalin denied this ambition by imposing "Russification". This was the launchpad of the Holodomor and classified the Russians as "Us" and the Ukrainians as "Them" to the Russian people. An image of Joseph Stalin 2. Symbolization Prosperous farmers named Kulaks symbolized the Ukrainians in the Holodomor. "Kulak” became a label for Ukrainian peasantry as well as Ukrainian nationalism. The term was especially used by Stalin and his supporters to label those who opposed him. These farmers mostly opposed Stalin's collectivization and were slaughtered or sent off to work camps because of this. With the most successful farmers removed and it being seriously illegal to take any amount of grain from a collective farm the artificial famine was under way. A possible dipiction of a Kulak. Kulaks were equated to bloodsuckers, vampires, vermin, spiders, and plunderers during the Holodomor; casting them in a subhuman light. Stalin also referred to Kulaks as a class-enemy and said they must be eliminated without remorse or pity, placing them below humans. 4. Organization Arrangements are made to eliminate Ukrainian grain supplies by increasing grain quotas. In doing so Stalin made it virtually impossible for any farmer to not be violating the law. This allowed Soviet troops to confiscate food sources and supplies. To even further doom the Ukrainian people Stalin sealed the Ukrainian border, making the pursuit of food entirely hopeless. 5. Polarization A large portion of Ukraine's political, religious, and intellectual leaders were arrested in order to remove any dangerous opposition. By removing those capable of seeing the middle ground of the situation, Stalin polarized the Ukrainian population. Propganda was also utilized to seperate the Ukrainian working class from the Ukrainian Peasants. This division is a blatant and nearly irreversible sign of the genocide to come. The caption reads:
"We will keep the Kulak out." 6. Preparation
The Ukrainian border is closed, an internal passport system is set up to be able to confine certain groups, all food sources are removed, and peasants are forced onto farms and forbidden to work in cities. It is now an insurmountable task for the average Ukrainian to find food. 7. Extermination With no available food, people died by the tens of thousands everyday and starved bodies lined the streets. At the most extreme point in the Holodomor, 17 Ukrainian villagers died per minute. This equates to 25000 a day. In total it has been speculated that 7-10 million Ukrainian died; over a quarter of the total population.
8. Denial

Stalin and the government actively denied allegations of a man-made famine and kept secret the death statistics. Through the Holodomor, there would be no Ukrainian people, and therefore no seperate country from Russia; this is how Stalin solved his problem. The genocide of the Ukrainian people was only brought into the light of the public in the 1990's once the Cold War ended and the Russian Iron Curtain policy was lifted. A map of decline in population within the Ukraine. By Julian Isla and
Christopher Nyitrai
Full transcript