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The Roman Military

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by

Jack Meshke

on 16 March 2016

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Transcript of The Roman Military

Social Connections (Cont.)
Even Rome's entertainment was centered around battle. In the Coliseum, gladiators and wild animals fought to the death, and mock naval battles were held for the amusement of the emperor.
Social Connections
Much of Rome's society was built around warfare. Women were expected to have as many children as possible, to boost the army's future manpower. Many high-ranking leaders had military experience, and doubled as generals in times of war.

Just as war influenced society in Rome, so to did society influence war. Nobles acted as cavalry, while poorer soldiers were pressed into service as skirmishers and foot soldiers.
Flaws
As I mentioned previously, the Romans were big on warfare. So much so that their focus on non-combat for their soldiers was rather limited, making them great at killing Rome's many enemies, but kind of useless in regards to everything else. And while they were adaptable, their tactics were ineffective against war elephants and other large creatures.
The Roman Military
Tactics/Equipment
While their
hoplite
tactics were taken from the Etruscans, the Romans themselves created many efficient, adaptable combat formations. Early on, they used their massive shields to form
phalanx
and "turtle" formations. During the Samnite Wars, however, they dropped the
phalanx
and started using the Samnite's tactics against them.

Tactics/Equipment (Cont.)
The Romans also adapted the Maniple system from the Etruscans. Rows of soldiers moving in a checkerboard formation, with each row becoming progressively more dangerous.










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