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External factors that can influence a child's development

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Elizabeth Newey

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of External factors that can influence a child's development

External factors that can influence a child's development
Unit 331 2.1/2.2
Bullying
If a child is being bullied either in or out of school he/she will suffer emotionally and physically. Their learning will suffer as the child will not want to have any unnecessary attention thrust upon them so they will become withdrawn and be unwilling to participate in activities and discussions in lessons.
Teachers & TAs
If a teacher or TA is not meeting the required standard of education/development for the pupils in their class then the educational possibilities will be lower than that of pupils whose teacher/TA is competent and able to achieve the set standards.
Abuse
Abuse can influence a child's development in many ways.
Physical:
A child may display generalised physical development delays; they may lack the skills and coordination for activities that require perceptual motor coordination. The child may be sickly or chronically ill.
Cognitive:
The child may display thinking patterns that are typical of a younger child, including egocentric perspectives, lack of problem solving ability and inability to structure thoughts.
Speech or language may be delayed or inappropriate.
The child may be unable to concentrate on school work and may not be able to conform to the structure of a school setting. The child may not have developed basic problem solving and may have considerable difficulty in academics.
Social:
A child may be suspicious and mistrustful of adults of overly solicitous, agreeable or manipulative and may not turn to adults for comfort and help when in need.
The child may talk in unrealistically glowing terms about their family and may exhibit role reversal and take on a parenting role within the family.
The child may not respond to positive praise and attention or may excessively seek adult approval or attention.
The child may feel inferior, incapable and unworthy around other children; may have difficulty making new friends, may feel overwhelmed by peer expectations and performance, may withdraw from social contact and may be used as a scapegoat by their peers.
Emotional:
The child may experience damage to their self esteem from abusive parents of lack of positive attention from a neglectful environment.
The child may behave impulsively, have frequent emotional outbursts and be unable to delay gratification.
Poverty
How well off a family is can influence child development. If a family is poor the child may not be able to take part in extra curricular activities/school trips that have to be paid for by parents, they would miss out and friendships may be put under pressure if the child cannot attend. If other children find out the reason they aren't attending is due to cost the child may be subject to harsh comments from other children, this would then make the child feel embarrassed and they may start isolating themselves from others so they don't get bullied about it, so their social and emotional development may suffer.
A child in care may not be interested in others around them or their education, they may feel "if my parents don't care enough about me why should I ?" They may find it hard to make friends, this could be due to them moving from foster parents to foster parents they don't like to make attachments to anyone as they think they will soon be moving on again. They may not care about school so their education suffers. A child in care may also have witnessed things no child should ever have to see, things such as violence or drug taking ad this can affect them emotionally, physically and socially.
Children in care
Access to learning facilities
If access to learning facilities is limited, a child's education will suffer, they will be at a disadvantage to other children in neighbouring schools and when a child moves to a new school with a wide range of facilities this will be evident. The child may not know how to use certain school equipment such as an IPad or an interactive white board and time will have to be taken to show the child how to use them and this may take time away from the rest of the class. Other children in the class/school may decide the child just doesn't know how to use the facilities and they may get bullied because of this and it will impact their confidence when asking questions about how to do or use something in the future.
References
Dshs.wa.gov.2014. Child Development: Effects of Abuse and neglect on Development. (online) Available at : http://www.dshs.wa.gov/ca/fosterparents/training/chidev/cd05a.htm (Accessed: 12th Feb 2014).
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