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Greetings, Small Talk, and Goodbyes

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Kathleen Sheridan

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Greetings, Small Talk, and Goodbyes

Greetings, Small Talk, and Goodbyes
Greetings: Formal vs Informal
Small Talk!
Small talk is a casual form of conversation that "breaks the ice" or fills an awkward silence between people.

Even though you may feel shy using your second language, it is sometimes considered rude to say nothing.

Just as there are certain times when small talk is appropriate, there are also certain topics that people discuss during these moments.
Today we're going to learn greetings for many different scenarios.

Certain situations call for more formal language and behavior than others.

In what situations would you be more informal? When should you be more formal?
How Should I respond?!
Negative Neutral Positive

Not too good. I'm fine. I'm great!
I don't feel well. I'm okay. Awesome!
I'm pretty tired. So-so. I'm havin' a good day. Awful. Hangin' in there Doin' well.

*Tone is important! A mixed tone can imply sarcasm.

Small Talk Topics:
What is appropriate?
What is taboo?
Religion, sports,
sexuality, the
weather, politics,
TV and movies,
current events
The Importance of Listening Skills
Back channeling is a way of
showing a speaker that you are following what they are saying
and that you understand.

Can you think of some examples?
I see...
Oh really?
Oh my...
Mm Hmm
...eye contact and

What about "yes..?"
See ya!
See ya later!
Catch ya later!
See you soon!
Talk to you later!
I'll see you tomorrow.
It was a pleasure.
It was nice seeing you.
It was nice to catch up!

What about..."Nice to meet you?"
Pretend you run into a friend at the grocery store.

Have small talk for two minutes.
Pretend you see your professor at a
musical performance.

You can't be rude! Go say hello.
You're flying from Beijing to Bangkok. Make small talk with the person sitting beside you.
Formal Greetings
1. Hello!
2. How are you today?
3. Good morning/afternoon/evening.
4. I'm pleased to meet you.
5. Nice to meet you.

Can you think of any more?
1. Hey!
2. What's up?
3. Sup? (Shortened version of above)
4. How's it goin'?
5. How ya doin'?
6. Nice to meet ya! ("ch" sound)
7. What's goin' on?

Can you think of any more?
Two Listening Skills Tactics:

1. Back Channeling

2. Mirroring
Mirroring occurs when the listener finds a key word in the sentence and repeats it back to the speaker. This action encourages the speaker to give more details about that topic.
Speaker : So I was at the beach in Key West last summer...

Listener: Key West?

Speaker : Yeah, Key West. It's awesome! There's so much Cuban food and the water is amazing...Anyway, I was there until my Aunt made me come home.

Listener: Your aunt?

Speaker: Aunt Ann. She's the tough one in the family...
Your American girl/boyfriend introduces you to their father, who is an old-fashioned man.

How can you impress him?! Go!
Body Language
Every culture has different customs for greetings, but in the USA, we prefer:

1. Make eye contact.
2. Shake hands firmly. No limp hands!

1. Hug
2. Kiss on the cheek (Intimate)

How are greetings done in your home country?
Full transcript