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Germany's Defeat in WWII
Transcript of Germany's Defeat in WWII
During the initial battles and initiations of the Second World War, Germany seemed to be the dominating nation of Europe. By the late 1930's and early 1940's, Germany had conquered almost all of Europe, dominating nation by nation, and at that point of time, and it was on top of the world. However, in a matter of years, Germany's power dropped dramatically, lost a majority of its land, and eventually surrendered on May 7th, 1945.
Factors that Lead to Defeat
Inevitable vs. Caused
But what if?
Europe circa 1941
Europe circa 1945
What had caused the defeat in Germany of WWII?
Which factors were most important in causing the loss of Germany in WWII, and was the loss inevitable or caused by miscalculations?
Hjalmar Schacht, who attempted to reverse some economic mistakes
tanks in a factory
Destruction of Germany
German retreat out of Russia
With his mass cruelty and genocide of the Slavics, gypsies, and Jews with the invasion of the USSR and the Holocaust, many other nations refused to ally with Germany, and the US felt a moral obligation to assist those from the general public of the US. Hitler's main goals of anti-semitism and genocide lost a lot of support from others.
Annexation of Austria
Battle of Dunkirk
His extreme anti-communist views caused him to make mistakes.
He wanted to take over much of Russia.
He saw it as the center of communist evil.
He thought the other democratic countries of Europe would not side with and help Russia.
Russia asked Britain for help and became part of the Allied Forces in the fight against Germany.
Formed poor alliance with Italy
Mussolini attempted to invade Greek Falters in 1941, failed and Hitler needed to assist
Germany was forced into the Balkans, losing materials, time, and men
In general, Italy was not a very strong ally, and hurt more then benefited
Hitler’s early success at annexing territories made him overconfident.
He began to feel as if no European power could stop him in the goals.
Hitler was delighted by the Pearl harbor attack when he learnt of it.
He publicly supported the attack and did not denounce the it.
Caused the United States to officially enter the war.
United States was a major economic power and military threat.
Genocide was condemned by many nations at the time
Anti-Nazi movements formed, which rescued ethnic minorities (including Jews)
Sabotaged and assassinated Nazi forces
Hindered German Production
Spread Anti-Nazi propaganda
White Rose, a group of idealist university student.
Formed the anti-aggression pact with Russia, which was much needed; however, his betrayal in 1941, he loses a major Axis power, and destroys any hope of alliances with Russia. His wars on Russia cause loss of men as they suffer through the Battle of Kursk and the terrible winters of Russia, and in general were destroyed.
royal air force of Great Britain
summer of 1940, British, French and Polish forces were surrounded, but rather than destroy them, Germany held off to potentially please Soviet Union/form an alliance, and with this the British escaped allowing for Britain (a major country that fought against Germany) to continue in the war
Germany breaks treaty with Soviet Union, invades, faces many casualties and defeats. Stalin had already prepared, and the Nazi-Soviet pact gave him time to build up his defenses. These defeats opened up the Eastern front and caused a loss of a crucial ally
Hitler had dismissed generals, and strategized this attack himself. (Textbook 882-883)
Foolish decision as he did not have the military knowledge to strategize effectively. (Textbook 883)
German army was almost completely destroyed. Only 9,000 out of the 300,000 soldiers returned. (Textbook 883)
Germany was tricked by a deception plan crafted by the Allied Forces in Operation Fortitude
Allied forces faked preparing an invasion at Pas de Calais.
Used decoy tanks/ships/etc, controlled information leaks, fake wireless traffic simulating troop movements, double agents, and made the location of top generals (George S. Patton) known.
Allied power landed on Normandy, and because Hitler believed that the main allied powers were going to attack France at Calis, he did not focus his troops onto Normandy. Because of this, the Allies built a strong base, and covered Germany through the west side, and surrounding Germany both on the eastern and western front
Germany had far fewer resources than the Allied Forces of US, Britain, and Russia
Germany would have eventually lost in a war of attrition
Germany had no real capacity to fight a war on U.S. soil
Hitler’s ideology was fatally flawed
Hitler’s personality was also flawed
Germany had economically been deprived by the Treaty of Versailles
Loss was inevitable because
It was caused by miscalculations because...
Hitler attacked Russia during the winter without preparing his troops
He then fired his generals and tried to take Stalingrad
Hitler declared war on the U.S. bring them into the European scene
Hitler was fooled by allies plan at Normandy
Hitler did not mobilize Germany for wartime production till it was too late.
Germany did not invade Russia?
Germany did not involve the US
Germany focused on Normandy and was not fooled by the Allies?
Germany invaded Britain instead of the Soviet Union
Hitler was assassinated
Operation Barbarossa Succeeded
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By Bernard, Arnav, Ben, Harrison, and Kevin