Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Germany's Defeat in WWII

No description
by

bernard wong

on 25 March 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Germany's Defeat in WWII

Germany's Defeat in WWII
Intro
During the initial battles and initiations of the Second World War, Germany seemed to be the dominating nation of Europe. By the late 1930's and early 1940's, Germany had conquered almost all of Europe, dominating nation by nation, and at that point of time, and it was on top of the world. However, in a matter of years, Germany's power dropped dramatically, lost a majority of its land, and eventually surrendered on May 7th, 1945.
Factors that Lead to Defeat
Inevitable vs. Caused
But what if?
You decide

Europe circa 1941
Europe circa 1945
What had caused the defeat in Germany of WWII?
Which factors were most important in causing the loss of Germany in WWII, and was the loss inevitable or caused by miscalculations?
Economy
Diplomatic
Military
Hjalmar Schacht, who attempted to reverse some economic mistakes
tanks in a factory
Destruction of Germany
German retreat out of Russia
Social
With his mass cruelty and genocide of the Slavics, gypsies, and Jews with the invasion of the USSR and the Holocaust, many other nations refused to ally with Germany, and the US felt a moral obligation to assist those from the general public of the US. Hitler's main goals of anti-semitism and genocide lost a lot of support from others.
Annexation of Austria
1940
1941-2
1942-3
1944
Battle of Dunkirk
D-Day
Stalingrad
Operation Barbarossa
His extreme anti-communist views caused him to make mistakes.
He wanted to take over much of Russia.
He saw it as the center of communist evil.
He thought the other democratic countries of Europe would not side with and help Russia.
Russia asked Britain for help and became part of the Allied Forces in the fight against Germany.
Germany
Russia
Italy
Formed poor alliance with Italy
Mussolini attempted to invade Greek Falters in 1941, failed and Hitler needed to assist
Germany was forced into the Balkans, losing materials, time, and men
In general, Italy was not a very strong ally, and hurt more then benefited

Hitler’s early success at annexing territories made him overconfident.
He began to feel as if no European power could stop him in the goals.
Hitler was delighted by the Pearl harbor attack when he learnt of it.
He publicly supported the attack and did not denounce the it.
Caused the United States to officially enter the war.
United States was a major economic power and military threat.
Genocide was condemned by many nations at the time
Anti-Nazi movements formed, which rescued ethnic minorities (including Jews)
Sabotaged and assassinated Nazi forces
Hindered German Production
Spread Anti-Nazi propaganda
White Rose, a group of idealist university student.
Formed the anti-aggression pact with Russia, which was much needed; however, his betrayal in 1941, he loses a major Axis power, and destroys any hope of alliances with Russia. His wars on Russia cause loss of men as they suffer through the Battle of Kursk and the terrible winters of Russia, and in general were destroyed.
royal air force of Great Britain
Albert Speer
summer of 1940, British, French and Polish forces were surrounded, but rather than destroy them, Germany held off to potentially please Soviet Union/form an alliance, and with this the British escaped allowing for Britain (a major country that fought against Germany) to continue in the war

Germany breaks treaty with Soviet Union, invades, faces many casualties and defeats. Stalin had already prepared, and the Nazi-Soviet pact gave him time to build up his defenses. These defeats opened up the Eastern front and caused a loss of a crucial ally
Hitler had dismissed generals, and strategized this attack himself. (Textbook 882-883)
Foolish decision as he did not have the military knowledge to strategize effectively. (Textbook 883)
German army was almost completely destroyed. Only 9,000 out of the 300,000 soldiers returned. (Textbook 883)

Germany was tricked by a deception plan crafted by the Allied Forces in Operation Fortitude
Allied forces faked preparing an invasion at Pas de Calais.
Used decoy tanks/ships/etc, controlled information leaks, fake wireless traffic simulating troop movements, double agents, and made the location of top generals (George S. Patton) known.
Allied power landed on Normandy, and because Hitler believed that the main allied powers were going to attack France at Calis, he did not focus his troops onto Normandy. Because of this, the Allies built a strong base, and covered Germany through the west side, and surrounding Germany both on the eastern and western front
Germany had far fewer resources than the Allied Forces of US, Britain, and Russia
Germany would have eventually lost in a war of attrition
Germany had no real capacity to fight a war on U.S. soil
Hitler’s ideology was fatally flawed
Hitler’s personality was also flawed
Germany had economically been deprived by the Treaty of Versailles

Loss was inevitable because
It was caused by miscalculations because...
Hitler attacked Russia during the winter without preparing his troops
He then fired his generals and tried to take Stalingrad
Hitler declared war on the U.S. bring them into the European scene
Hitler was fooled by allies plan at Normandy
Hitler did not mobilize Germany for wartime production till it was too late.


Germany did not invade Russia?
Germany did not involve the US
Germany focused on Normandy and was not fooled by the Allies?
Germany invaded Britain instead of the Soviet Union
Hitler was assassinated

Operation Barbarossa Succeeded
Bibliography
Freiler, Chris, and R. R. Palmer. "Chapter 15: Democracy, Totalitarianism, and World War II, 1919-1945." AP Achiever Advanced Placement European History Exam Preparation Guide to Accompany A History of the Modern World, Tenth Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008. N. pag. Print.

"How Germany and Japan Could've Won | RealClearHistory." How Germany and Japan Could've Won | RealClearHistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

"Top 10 Reasons Why Hitler Lost World War II." TopYaps. N.p., 28 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Mar. 2015.

Alexander, Bevin. How Hitler Could Have Won World War II: The Fatal Errors That Led to Nazi Defeat. New York: Crown, 2000. Print.

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich; a History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960. Print.

Lewin, Ronald, and Adolf Hitler. Hitler's Mistakes. London: Secker & Warburg, 1984. Print.

"Operation Fortitude." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Fortitude>.

"Defeat of Hitler: Attack on Russia." The History Place. The History Place, 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/defeat/attack-russia.htm>.

Carr, William. A History of Germany 1815 - 1990 Fourth Edition. London: Edward Arnold, 1991.
Fischer, Klaus P. Nazi Germany: A New History. New York: Continuum, 1995.
Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany. New York: Touchstone, 1990.
Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich. New York: Avon Books, 1971

Genghis' "German Economy During World War II." World Historia. N.p., 20 Jan. 2005. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. <http://archive.worldhistoria.com/german-economy-during-world-war-ii_topic1888.html>.

"The Wages of Destruction." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wages_of_Destruction>.

"Economy of Nazi Germany." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015.


By Bernard, Arnav, Ben, Harrison, and Kevin
Full transcript