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Jared Vojik

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Assessment

A Brief History of
Testing in America Jared Vojik
ARTE 387 Article Info. Teaching the Ideology of Assessment
Tony Scott
A history of testing in America
Justifications as well as social implications "The building blocks of knowledge were the same yesterday and will be the same tomorrow. We do not need trendy new theories or fancy experiments or feel-good curriculums. The basics work. If drill gets the job done, then rote is right." - George W. Bush 1870 Peoria High School Entrance Exam 3. Define a simple fraction. Divide the sum of 2/3 + (3 4/5÷6) + (1÷1 1/3 ) by the difference of 2 2/9 - 1/3 of 15/4. Answer: 2 4/175 Horace Mann (1796-1859 ) Known for creating the first standardized test used in America
Utilized to gauge individual performance
Quickly misinterpreted to change curriculum in order to improve scores Gate-keeping America IQ test in 1908
Dr. Henry Goddard
“recognize limits, segregate
and curtail breeding to prevent
further deterioration of an
endangered American stock" Literacy Tests 1879 Tests for "Mental Alertness" 1917

President Butler of Columbia University

"Mental Alertness" test by Edward Thorndike

Effort to solve "the Jewish problem" Title 1 Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Signed in 1965 by the Johnson Administration

Address root causes of poverty

Gave money to shamefully underprivileged schools Accountability Soon legislators demanded quantified results

Forced schools to administer large-scale, high-stakes tests

Under NCLB schools do not receive Title 1 benefits unless they meet adequate yearly progress (AYP) "Tests don't just measure particular qualities in people,
they produce those qualities" Implications on Art Education Honest education requires students
to question, be creative, and have
original thought

Imperative that educators fairly
assess their students
Use Support http://www.uft.org/files/imagecache/photo_full_node_2/photo/nyt-cartoon-09272012.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/Horace_Mann_-_Daguerreotype_by_Southworth_%26_Hawes,_c1850.jpg/220px-Horace_Mann_-_Daguerreotype_by_Southworth_%26_Hawes,_c1850.jpg http://www.savagechickens.com/images/chickeniqtest.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_p4dfKlOfL3g/TAaVyUSPDNI/AAAAAAAAHCg/yc22F0k5sH0/s1600/Teacher+Abuse.jpg Source Scott, T. (2004). Teaching the ideology of assessment. The radical teacher, 71, 30-37. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20710280 http://vintageholidaycrafts.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/black-and-white-fireworks-clip-art-1.png
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