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United States Regions
Transcript of United States Regions
United States Regions
Great Lake States
Geography of the Southeast
By: Brandon, Eli,
The glaciers flattened out the lands and formed the Great Lakes and the Great Plains. The Midwest changed from tall grasses to crops.
The winter is cold and has snowstorms and the summer is hot and rainy. Clouds form over the Great Lakes dump rain or snow called lake effect. Tornadoes form in the Midwest with winds up to 300 MPH.
Great Lakes to Great Plains
Some land resources
are crops and flowers.
Some water resources
are fish and fresh water.
Droughts in the Midwest
causes farmers to not grow
History in the Midwest
Buffalo were an important
natural resource in the Midwest. The Sioux Tribe moved west to the Great Plains. They used horses instead of canoes because they weren't by water.
The Old Northwest
The Northwest territory
became part of the U.S.A.
Settlers had to use tehe resources around them to survive. The settlers and native americans fought for land.
In 1803 the U.S.A. owned the Great Plains. The government passed the Homestead Act. The settlers had to do everything for them selves.
The Great lake states are Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. When they immigrated they
brought cultures. They created jobs especially in factory's.
A Changing Economy.
Two service industries in the region are entertainment and tourism.
Travel and Shipping
The Great Lakes States have trains, cars, airplanes, and boats. They ship goods with
The Plains are Iowa,Kansas,Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
Open spaces offer interesting views. Rural scenes inspired artists. Some artists used
landforms in their paintings.
Changes in Farming
They developed new machines. New crops are barley, canola, flax, soybeans, and sunflowers. Large companies own most farms.
People in cities need food.
Farmers and ranchers use goods and
services from the city. Some cities
industries in the regions depend on farms and ranches.
Geography of the Northeast
The eastern border is the Atlantic ocean and the northern coast is rocky and jagged. Farther south is the coastal plains. Inland's have green
valleys. Glaciers shaped many physical features, wore down landforms and sometimes carved deep basins.
Coats to Countrysides
It's very cold and snowy in the winter. In the spring it's warm and sunny. In the summer it's hot and rainy. In fall it's cool. The region is colder in the north and warmer in the south. An example of extreme weather is blizzards.
Northern crops are flowers and shrubs. Farming is a large industry farther south. The inland provides grasses pasture grasses. Two types of stone in the Northeast are granite and marble. One important industry is logging.They fish in the Atlantic ocean.
Growth in the Northeast
Not all waterways are connected by canals.
In the early 1800's factory's opened along the rivers. In the Mid 1800's steam engine machines powered machines. In 1882 Thomas Edison opened his first power plant
Immigrants hoped to make a better life. Millions settled in the Northeast.
Cities Grow and Connect
New Hampshire and Virginia are the regions largest cities. People travel between cities today using highways,
airlines, and Trains.
Early History of the Northeast
People shared land and resources. One major resource is wood. They joined together by convinced Iroquois groups to not fight.
The settlers settled in the Northeast. The colonists founded the Northeast colonies. Ships carried most goods to England. There were thirteen colonies that had to follow british laws
Forming a Nation
The new laws in the colonies were made in the 1760's. " No taxation without representation" shouted the colonists. The colonial leaders signed the Declaration of Independence. The fight for independence began with a rev
A View of New England
The New England states are Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Most New Englanders live in Boston, Massachusetts. They show pride in history by preserving historical sights.
New England States
The Economy Today
The economy has changed because the textile mills moved. Most New Englanders work in service industries.
Citizens discuss and vote in town meetings. The foundation of the nations democracy vote at elections. People help their communities by volunteering.
Most settlers came from England. New England and Hartford got named after England
New York City
The Middle Atlantic States are Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Pennyslavania.
Rudolph Giuliani lives in a global city.
Major Cities are Philadelphia and Pittsburg. Problems caused by growth are traffic jams and pollution. To provide many services you need to hire mny workers.
Middle Atlantic States
Places to Visit
Upstate NY state is the part not by NYC. The Jersey Shore has big beaches that reach up to127 miles.
The Pennyslavania Dutch country. Countries all over the world face challenges caused by urban growth.
The coastal plain covers more than half of the Southeast. South parts of the coast have peninsulas.
The Appalachians are in the mid Southeast. The Piedmont is in the east part of the southeast. The fall line is in the coastal plains. The plateaus are the Cumberland and the Ozark plateaus. The import farming region is on the river valley
Warmer climate causes long growing seasons. Hurricanes over lan causes terrible damage.
Good place for farming. Some other resources are cotton, soybeans, rice, peanuts, vegetables, tobacco.The Southeast has seafood.A important industry is fishing.
Early History of the Southeast
Most Native Americans live near the coasts. They used wood to build their homes.
Colonies and Settlers.
Europeans settled in the Southeast Atlantic Coast. Native American slaves worked on plantations. They found a gap in the Appalachian Mountains and crossed threw it.
Life in the Highlands
People of Appalachia created needs. In 1819 the government created laws.
A Divided Nation
It was divided because of slavery.
Henry clay found a solution. The plan was to join the free states.
The Civil War
The southern states made a new country. The fight began 4-12-1861. The war ended in 4-9-1864. African Americans were freed.
Economy in the North bases on manufacturing.
A big part of the economy in the South is agriculture. Freed slaves in rented land to raise crops.
Ports of the Southeast
The first cities grew around ports near the mouths of major rivers. The busiest port in the U.S. is in South Louisiana.
A Region of ports.
There are imports in Central America and South America. There exports in Canada and Mexico.
Plains and Deserts
The states of the Southwest are Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona. Landforms in Texas and Oklahoma are grasslands, mountain passes, and plains. Landforms in New Mexico are mesas, buttes, and plateaus.
Most of the Southwest has a hot and humid climate. The rain comes in a cloudburst. Wildflowers bloom in spring.
Sources of water
People in the Southwest get there water from ground water
Minerals and oils are oil and natural gas. Forests have pine, oak, and hickory trees. Irrigation happens on farms.
Geography of the Southwest
Early History of the Southwest
In the1500's the Caddo Pueblo farmers main crop was corn and the Native Americans food source was deer and buffalo.
The Spanish Arrive
In 1540 Francisco Vasquez Coronado built forts to protect new lands.
In 1821 Mexico won independence from Spain. In1836 Texas won a war. In 1845 there were 28 states. In 1889 Mexico and America had a war.
In 1838 the Cherokee got pushed to indian territory. In 1889 they had the land rush to get rid of the Cherokee Tribe.
Resources in the Southwest
Oil and Water
Arid land is used for ranching. More fertile land is used for farming. Trains got cattle to market. Migrant workers filled in for temporary workers
Oil was/is needed to supply nations growing industries. Water was needed for the regions growing population. They struck oil in Spindletop, Texas.the effect of the oil industry is they grow thin cities. people use the water for farms, cities, and industries. The effect of water shortages is conflict between USA Mexico. They both compromise.
Texas and Oklahoma
Old and New
One large industry is food production. A large industry in the cities is aerospace.
They had a lot of Native Americans.
They drill for oil in the Gulf of Mexico. Gasoline is made from crode oil. They ship oil from Houstin. The oil prouducs are sold in ports. Saudi, Arabia has oil too.
New Mexico and Arizona
Moving to the desert
In the early 1900s artists wre drawn in by natual beauty. The result was that more pople moved there.
Natural attractions bring tourists. Manufacturing and technology products are processed food, glass, and electronic equipment. Another job is high technology.
They drilled deep wells to supply water. They conserve water by limiting the use.
They have scarce water in different countries
Geography of the West
Rockies to the Pacific
There's an imaginary line along the north and south along peaks in the Rockies. Landforms in the West are deserts, mountain ranges, and plateaus. The highest is at 20,320 feet and the lowest land is 282 feet below sea level.
Volcanoes are fiery mountains. Shaky grounds are earthquakes. They occur near the pacific boarder.
Tall mountains affect the climate. The hottest and driest place is Death Valley. The coldest temp was -80 degrees and the rainiest was 335 days.
Important industries are farming and ranching. Major rivers are the Missouri, Colorado, Columbia.Coastal rivers are the north pacific.
Early history of the West
Nomads lived in the Great Basin. The Pomo and Yuknuts tribes lived in California. They used water for trading networks. A major trading center is in the Dallies, a waterfall on the Columbia river.
Exploring the West
Lewis and Clark left in 1804 and reached the Pacific. The Rockies were the barrier but they found a pass in the South.
Settlers Head West
They traveled in wagons. They headed for Oregon and Washington because the land had rich soil, a mild climate, and plenty of rain.When gold was discovered people rushed to California hoping to get rich.
Linking the coasts
one improvement in communication and transportation was the telegraph. Alaska and Hawaii became states 49 and 50 in 1959.
Environment of the west
They managed land for big industries
Dams in the West
They used dams to prevent floods and get fresh water. The Grand Coulee Dam produces the most electricity in the U.S.
People protect fish by making fish ladders and trying not to spill oil. They protect wildlife by setting aside tourism.
Life in the Mountains
The mountain states are Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. The first place women could vote and hold office was salt lake city. Mountains blocking signals so they used satellites to fix it. They used GPS for dangerous travel.
Cities and Industries
The largest cities are Denver an Las Vegas. The mile high city is Denver. The flat location allowed it to grow. The attractions in tourism are ski resorts on mountains. There are large areas owened by the government misused for the Military. Most high tech businesses are in the Mountain states.
Connection face the same of some challenges.
The pacific states are California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii. There are more than 35,000,000 people. Industries are agriculture, manufacturing, and entertainment.
The Pacific Northwest states are Washington and Oregon. Most people live and work in Metropolian areas. The largest cities are Portland, Oregon and Seattle Washington.
Alaska is the northern most state in the region. Oil and fishing are Alaska's main industries. Native americans are one seventh of Alaska's population.
The island state is Hawaii. It's capital is Honolulu. An important industry is tourism.
There is rainforests around the world.
Ships were unloaded and loaded by trucks in the old days. Now ships are unloaded and loaded by cranes
Beaches and Cities
The Southeast Today
Visitors might see lighthouses along the coasts. Types of businesses are banks and offices.
Centers of government
250,000 people work in the Federal Government. For state Government people often work or state governor or state legislator.
Gulf Coast States
An Important industry is food processing. A large high tech center is growing in the Atlantic Coast States.
In India many people speak the same as us.
The sun belt
They have a long history of cultural diversity witch attracts new residents.
Places tourists visit are beaches, resorts, places for fun and recreation, museums, golf courses, riverboat rides, and theme parks.
Fish and Farms
Fishers catch Shrimp, Shellfish, and oysters.A large industry is fish farming. The leading state in farm-raised catfish is Mississippi. Their crops are cotton, corn, soybeans, citrus fruits, sugarcane, vegetables, and flowers. Mississippi leads the U.S. in tree farms.
Islands and Keys
The islands are barrier islands. The Florida keys are made of limestone and coral.
The Cubans immigrate to the U.S.
Inland South States
The Highlands Today
Appalachia has museums and festivals and Arkansas has the Ozark Folk Center State Park. Nashville, Tennessee is the capital country of music.
Mountains of coal
Many ranges contain coal and use the coal to make electricity. Miners dig coal or strip away trees.
Mammoth Cave and Great Smoky Mountain are national parks. Hot Springs and Crater of diamonds are national parks too.
In Kruger National Park they have a lot of endangered animals.