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Personality

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Derek Miller

on 6 October 2017

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Transcript of Personality

Personality Psychology
Psychodynamic Theories
Sigmund Freud
Medical doctor turned therapist
First to propose comprehensive theory of personality
Treated neurotic women; used INTROSPECTION on himself
Most known for work in dream interpretation
Report the MANIFEST Content
The experienced dream
Interpret the LATENT Conten
The "actual" dream
The "royal road to the unconscious"
Psychosexual stages of development
Oral
0-18 months
FOCUS: sucking, chewing, biting
If FIXATED: attachment issues
Fixation: failure to move forward as expected
Anal
18-36 months
FOCUS: Bowel/Bladder elimination
If FIXATED: "anal retentive" or "anal expulsive"
Phallic
3-6 years
FOCUS: Genital stimulation / incestuous feelings
ISSUES: Oedipus Complex (boys) / Penis Envy (girls)
Castration Anxiety (fear of being "found out")
and
If FIXATED: Impacts parent-child relationship
(Latency)
Genital
Puberty
FOCUS: Maturing sexual interests
ISSUES: Overcoming fixation from previous stages
Freud's Theory of Personality
Carl Jung
Alfred Adler
Humanistic Theories
Kept concept of ego
redefined unconscious
Personal Unconscious
Collective Unconscious
The Collective Unconscious
Informs personality through ARCHTYPES
symbolic representations of abstract ideals (ex. good v. evil)
We develop "feelings of inferiority"
Compensate for by "striving for superiority"
Ultimately, strive to overcome inferior feelings
Carl Rogers
Abraham Maslow
Focused on Self-Concept
We will strive for Self-Fulfillment
Incongruence
Ideal Self
Real Self
Must have "unconditional postive regard"
genuineness
acceptance
empathy
"Who am I?"
Social Learning & Cognitive Theories
Self-Concept
Who am I?
What is my Identity?
Collectivistic
Individualistic
- identity primarily determined by orientation to group
- identity primarily determined by individual
(Cognitive)
Reciprocal Determinism (Bandura, 1986)
Locus of Control (Rotter, 1966)
Conditioning
Locus of Control (Rotter, 1966)
Internal LOC
external LOC
(PERCEPTION of Control)
Rorschach Ink Blot
Thematic Apperception Test
Projective Tests
Observation
Self-Efficacy
Inventories
Ex. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Developed in 1939 to assess mental disorder
Still most widely used inventory
Different parts of test measure personality through three SCALES
Identifies personality structure AND psychopathology
factor analysis
Analyze personality traits/characteristics
statistically similar traits CATEGORIZED into FACTORS
Trait Theory
Origins and Theories
Traits and Factors
Categories
Groups
Types
Assessing Traits
http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/trait-theory.htm
Gordon Allport
Raymond Cattell
Hans Eysenck
The "Big Five" (Costa and McCrae)
from Rorschach (1924)
Getting Started...
Agenda (9/26/17) ...
1. Please ONLY bring binder and writing utensil to desk;
2. Phone in bag, bag to side or back of room
Q & A... Five Minutes with Siggy
Let's Make a Foldable... Preview of Personality
Assessing the Unconscious?
Target PP2 - Psychodynamic Theories
- Notebook Page 11
- Lecture... Discussion... Application
- Application of Favorite Character
Getting Started...
Agenda (9/28/17) ...
1. Please ONLY bring binder and writing utensil to desk;
2. Phone in bag, bag to side or back or room;
3. Feel free to start "Assessing Your Personality"
Question in Classroom
"30 Second" Defense Mechanisms Act-Outs
Assessing Personality...
- Projective Tests
- Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
Target PP3 - Humanistic Theories
- Notebook Page 12
- Lecture... Discussion... Application
- Application of Favorite Character

** Exam Two: Individual Differences and Personality is Thursday, 10/5/17 **
What do you see?
Getting Started...
Agenda (10/3/17) ...
1. Phone in bag, back side/back, binder and utensil;
2. Please sit in new seat and introduce yourself around;
3. Find the Exam Announcement in Classroom... and, of
course you can answer the Practice Exam questions now!
A Short Review...
- Finish Personality Chart/Foldable on back of Cover Page
- Announcement and Practice Exam Questions
Preview for Today... Locus of Control scale
Target PP5 - Social Learning and Cognitive Theories
- Page 14 in Notebook (back of Trait Theories notes)
- Research...Rotate...Share "Jigsaw" (Assignment in Classroom)

** Exam Two: Individual Differences and Personality is Thursday, 10/5/17 **
Exam Preparation
Exam Procedure
1. ONLY have pencil and/or pen on your desk;
2. Phone/Electronics MUST NOT be on you (put in your bag
OR in numbered pouch)
1. Some Basics:
- DO NOT write on Multiple Choice
- Use pen or pencil on MC; pen preferred on FRQ
2. Complete Main Multiple Choice Part
- Targets TI1, TI2, PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5
- Questions 1-35; 5 Questions per Target
- 25 Minutes
3. Complete Free Response Question (FRQ)
- Three Terms / Three Targets
- 15 Minutes
4. Complete Reassessments
- Targets HA1, HA2, RM1, RM2, RM3, RM4, RM5
- Questions 36-56; 3 Questions per Target

Getting Started
Agenda (10/5/17)
1. Please put phone in bag and bag to side or back;
2. Please sit in the desk holding your personalized Zipgrade
answer sheet
Tying up the "Loose Ends"
EXAM TWO - Individual Differences and Personality
Reading From "40 Studies" Book
Go over FRQ Answer and MC Data


Which of the following would provide the strongest evidence for the idea that intelligence is highly heritable?
a. Different ethnic groups have different average IQ scores.
b. Adopted children's IQ scores are positively correlated with their
adopted parents' scores.
c. Monozygotic (identical) twins separated at birth have extremely
similar IQ scores.
d. Dizygotic (fraternal) twins score more similarly on IQ tests than
do other siblings.
e. The IQ scores of parents are positively correlated with the
scores of their children.

The "Stimulus" Question:
Full transcript