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Personality

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Derek Miller

on 3 October 2018

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Transcript of Personality

Personality Psychology
Psychodynamic Theories
Sigmund Freud
Medical doctor turned therapist
First to propose comprehensive theory of personality
Treated neurotic women; used INTROSPECTION on himself
Most known for work in dream interpretation
Report the MANIFEST Content
The experienced dream
Interpret the LATENT Content
The "actual" dream
The "royal road to the unconscious"
Psychosexual stages of development
Oral
0-18 months
FOCUS: sucking, chewing, biting
If FIXATED: attachment issues
Anal
18-36 months
FOCUS: Bowel/Bladder elimination
If FIXATED: "anal retentive" or "anal expulsive"
Phallic
3-6 years
FOCUS: Genital stimulation / incestuous feelings
ISSUES: Oedipus Complex & Castration Anxiety (boys) / Penis Envy (girls)
If FIXATED: Impacts parent-child relationship
(Latency)
Genital
Puberty
FOCUS: Maturing sexual interests
ISSUES: Overcoming fixation from previous stages
Freud's Theory of Personality
Carl Jung
Alfred Adler
Humanistic Theories
Kept concept of ego
redefined unconscious
Personal Unconscious
Collective Unconscious
The Collective Unconscious
Informs personality through ARCHETYPES
symbolic representations of abstract ideals (ex. good v. evil)
We develop "feelings of inferiority"
Compensate for by "striving for superiority"
Ultimately, strive to overcome inferior feelings
Carl Rogers
Abraham Maslow
Personality driven by our Self-Concept
If supported, we will strive for Self-Fulfillment
Incongruence
Ideal Self
Real Self
Must have "unconditional postive regard"
genuineness
acceptance
empathy
Social Learning & Cognitive Theories
Who am I?
What is my Identity?
Collectivistic
Individualistic
- identity primarily determined by orientation to group
- identity primarily determined by individual
(Cognitive)
Reciprocal Determinism (Bandura, 1986)
Locus of Control (Rotter, 1966)
Conditioning
Locus of Control (Rotter, 1966)
Internal LOC
external LOC
(PERCEPTION of Control)
Rorschach Ink Blot
Thematic Apperception Test
Projective Tests
Observation
Self-Efficacy
Inventories
Ex. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Developed in 1939 to assess mental disorder
Still most widely used inventory
Different parts of test measure personality through three SCALES
Identifies personality structure AND psychopathology
factor analysis
Analyze personality traits/characteristics
statistically similar traits CATEGORIZED into FACTORS
Trait Theory
Origins and Theories
Traits and Factors
Traits
Categories
Groups/Types
Factors
Assessing Traits
Gordon Allport
Raymond Cattell
Hans Eysenck
The "Big Five" (Costa and McCrae)
from Rorschach (1924)
What do you see?
Exam Preparation
Exam Procedure
1. Sit with your Zipgrade form
2. ONLY have pencil and/or pen on your desk;
3. Phone/Electronics in bag; bag to sides, back or front
1. Some Basics:
- DO NOT write on Multiple Choice Exam form
- Use pen or pencil on MC; pen preferred on FRQ
2. Complete Main Multiple Choice Part
- Targets HA1, HA2, PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5
- Questions 1-35; 5 Questions per Target
- 25 Minutes
3. Complete Free Response Question (FRQ)
- Three Terms / Three Targets
- 17 Minutes
4. Complete Reassessments
- Targets RM1, RM2, RM3, RM4, RM5, TI1, TI2
- Questions 36-56; 3 Questions per Target

Which of the following is indicative of the way in which an individual from a collectivistic society would determine his self-concept?
A. His self-concept would match the various roles he fulfills in his social groups.
B. He would make a conscious decision to take responsibility for his own identity.
C. He would take several personality inventories and decide which outcome best fits his ideal self.
D. He would form an identity in opposition to his parent's desires.
E. His self-concept will parallel his change in mood each day.

The "Stimulus" Question:
Getting Started
Agenda (9/20/18)
Phone in bag, bag to side or back... nothing new there! :)
Formative Assessment: Targets HA1, HA2 (Google Form)
Introduction to Personality Psychology
- 'Big Five Personality Inventory (do now, use for later)
- Foldable (Chart) of Personality Theories
Target PP4 - Trait Personality Theory
- Notebook Page 9 (or 10?)... Template in Classroom
- Lecture...Discussion
- Demonstration: A "Living" Survey of 'Big-Five' Inventory


Psychodynamic
Humanistic
Approach
Theories / Theorists
Personality "Drive"
Methods / Assessments
Cognitive/Behavioral
Biological (Genetic)
Consistent
pattern
of behavior
over time
*What?
*Why?
* The Self (Person)?
* Personal Factors?
* Cultural factors?
* Identity?
* Genetic Factors?
Getting Started
Agenda (9/25/18)
Great Report from Sub... THANKS!!
Q&A - Freud and Personality
- Comment on 'Freud' Assignment from 9/21
- Freud's Theory of Personality: An Illustration
- Freudian Defense Mechanisms: An Activity
Assessing Personality - Projective Tests
Target PP2 - Psychodynamic Personality Theories
- Notebook Page 11 (or in Personality Packet)
- Lecture... Notes... Demonstration

Formative Assessment - RM1, RM2, RM4, Thur., 9/27/18
Exam - History, Approaches, Personality, Monday, 10/2/18
Time for a refresher...
goes in bag, then to side or back
Karen Horney
Getting Started
Agenda (9/27/18)
Two Minute Group Review; Whole Class Review
Formative Assessments:
- Targets PP1, PP2, PP4 (Google Form)
- Defense Mechanism Scenarios
Targets PP3 (Humanistic) and PP5 (Social/Cognitive)
- ** Humanistic Theories on your own **
- Use Assignment in Classroom; Use Website Resources
- Notebook Pages 12 and 13 OR 'Personality' Packet
- Your Choice: Individual/Small Group/Large Group

Exam - History, Approaches, Personality, Monday, 10/2/18
Time for a refresher...
goes in bag, then to side or back
Consider these Dimensions of Culture (as explanation of influence of culture...
Do Humanistic theories account for culture??
Problem is...
between the...
and the...
Self-Actualized??
Getting Started
Agenda (9/28/18)
Formative Assessment: Writing Practice
- From Target PP3 (Specifically Rogers's Theory)
- Use Notes, but Not Others
General Review and Critique of Theories
- Locus of Control... Relation to TAKING the Exam
- Highlights and Critique of Each Theory (do on Personality Chart or Unit Cover Page)

Exam - History, Approaches, Personality, Tuesday, 10/2/18
Time for a refresher...
goes in bag, then to side or back
Full transcript