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Informative Speech: GMOs

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Sherbie Carson

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Informative Speech: GMOs

Scary Fun Fact
Unquantified Risk
What is at risk ?
What can be done ?
How Do I know which foods have been genetically modified ?
* US food makers are NOT required to label products that contain GMOs, or ingredients with DNA that has been manipulated by scientists.
Most Americans eat more than their body weight in genetically engineered food every single year.
Genetically Modified Organisms
* Local Farmers (Bankruptcy)
* Local Agriculture - Soil depletion
* Heirloom crops - Biodiversity
* Environment - Delicately balanced ecosystem
* Insects and Wildlife (Killing beneficial insects - symbiotic relationships)

Human Health concerns
Allergenicity, Antibiotic resistance, Infertility, birth defects, myriad of cancers, gastro-intestinal issues, and death (all shown in GM related animal testing)

It is nearly impossible to completely avoid GM foods. Here are a few ideas for how to coexist...
What are GMOs ?
Genetically Modified Crops
* 95% of the sugar beets
* 93% of the soybeans
* 88% of the corn and cotton
grown in the US ~ (USDA)
* 80% of processed foods on the supermarket shelves contain genetically engineered ingredients.

On average, people eat an estimated 193 pounds of genetically engineered food in a 12-month period. The typical American adult weighs 179 pounds.

- The Environmental Working Group
Hidden names for GMO's
* Mono and diglycerides
* maltodextrin
* aspartame
* fructose, maltose, glucose
* dextrose, dextrin
* inverse syrup, invert sugar
* lecithin
* xanthan gum
* sorbitol, mannitol
* phenylalanine
* methylcellulose
* monosodium glutamate
* etc.
Unless stated organic, or non-GMO:
* baking powder
* canola, vegetable, or soybean oil
* cottonseed or corn oil
* condensed milk
* confectioner's sugar
* corn syrup, corn starch
* high fructose corn syrup
* Vitamin E, Vitamin B12
* Nutrasweet, Equal
* Whey, Whey Powder
* etc.
What is so bad about GMOs ?
* New science = no long-term studies on health effects

* The government and the food industry do not require any testing.

* This means that the multi-national corporations that predominately control the nation's food supply are left to self regulate.
Benefits of GM Crops
* Ability to grow faster, with higher yields, in less favorable environmental conditions.
# More drought resistant - (inconclusive)

* Carry resistance to infestation by specific pests and diseases.

* Certain crops allow for higher yields at an increased rate of breeding, which can lead to increased profits.
* Make educated food choices.
* Read product labels.
* Eat organic foods.
* Support local farmers.
* Plant a garden. Buy Heirloom seeds.
* Support legislation that requires GMO Labeling.
* Contact elected officials and voice concerns about regulation and testing of genetically modified foods.
The End .
Thank You for Your Time !
Sherbie Carson - COM 1650
Haiti -
Why would a third-world country torn by poverty, starvation, and natural disasters commit to burning 475 tons of hybrid seeds sent from the U.S. ?
Poorest country in the Americas, according to the 2013 UN Human Development Report
GMO’s are plants or animals that have been genetically engineered with DNA from other plants, animals, bacteria, or viruses in experimental combinations that cannot occur through natural or traditional crossbreeding methods.
The Food & Chemical Toxicology Journal, London - 2012
Full transcript