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Portuguese Reach India and Control Trade

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Mia Johnson

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Portuguese Reach India and Control Trade

Portuguese Reach India and Control Trade
The main item Portugal sold to India was spices. They wanted to maintain the monopoly of this trade. They took advantage of the rivalries of Hindus and Muslims and established several forts and trading posts.
Small Islamic states along the coast (such as Kilwa) were either destroyed or became allies of Portugal. A man named Pêro da Covilhã had reached Ethiopia, traveling secretly overland, in a diplomatic mission that reached the ruler of the nation.
Diary of Vasco da Gama's 1497 voyage. This page is from the Logbook of Alvaro Velho. Velho was a Portuguese writer who was on the voyage made by Vasca da Gama from 1497 to 1499. It was on this voyage that Vasco da Gama found a maritime trade route around Africa to India, which helped make Portugal a world power.
A map of India from 1500
A drawn picture of 12 of the 13 ships that were used to travel to India. This was also from Vasco da Gama's journal.
A picture of a ship forming trade routes.
An Indian state called Goa was taken from a Muslim empire under the works of a Portuguese general named Afonso de Albuquerque. Goa was coveted for being the best port in the region, and, despite constant attacks, Goa became the seat of the Portuguese government.
How were people treated during all parts of this trade?
After an attack made by Muslim Arabs and Hindu Indians, the Portuguese killed 600 of the Arab crew members and confiscated their cargoes. Portugal then demanded special treatment in all aspects of trade, and the Muslim merchants believed they were about to lose their trading opportunities and livelihoods. The Muslims then attempted to sway the Hindu ruler against the Portuguese. The Portuguese and Arabs were extremely suspicious of each other's every move.
How did this trade shape modern American Culture?
The trade of slaves shaped American Culture because the captured slaves were eventually brought to the U.S., where they were use, sold, bought, and used again. This lead to the Civil War, and racial segregation lead to the Civil Rights Movement. This has very broadly shaped culture.
In conclusion, the trade of gold, spices, and slaves brought the Portuguese to India. The Portuguese then conquered India, where they controlled the trade of spices. Goa was the head of the Portuguese goverment. This is important because the slaves were eventually brought to the U.S., and were the result of the Civil War, Civil Rights Movement, and more.
What role did scarcity of resources play in your topic?
The scarcity of resources cause Portugal to trade gold and slaves. The profit from this made enough money to travel to India, where they swept far to the west while rounding Africa- and ended up in Brazil. The Portuguese were lead by Vasco de Gama. Portugal then claimed that land.
Who was Velho?
A.) writer
B.) actor
C.) chef
D.) Teletubby
What is the importance of the spice trade?
How did neighboring states feel about Portugal?
Who was Vasco da Gama?
Vasco da Gama was the Portuguese explorer that opened up a trade route to India. He established a route around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, up the coast of East Africa and finally to Calicut in India.
What was the Importance of Goa?
How many ships were used to sail to India?
A.) 47
B.) They didn't sail to India
C.) 12
D.) 13
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