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GENOCIDE

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on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of GENOCIDE

The Impact
The Peshmerga succeeded i pushing out the main Iraqi forces from the north.
This created the basis for the Kurdish self-rule and the return of the Kurdish refugees.
Iraqi forces left Kurdistan in 1991 due to the Kurds fighting government troops.
The invasion of Iraq in 2003 led to the approval of a new constitution of Iraq in 2005.
The Victims
It has been announced that nearly one million people in Iraq have 'disappeared' since the 1960s. Everyone assumes they have been either murdered or just went missing.
Men and boys of 'battle age' were also reported to have disappeared in large groups. Most of them were captured, transported to mass graves and shot in mass executions. This was called a Gendercide, the men were primary targets.
The total victims of Anfal = 70% men age 15-50.
Women and children vanished as well. They were taken to internment camps where they were executed or died from deprivation.
In the 1980s, the Kurdish population had been attacked with chemical weapons, killing both men and women of all ages.
90% of Kurdish villages and 20 towns were destroyed.
Perpetrators
Saddam Hussein and his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid (aka Chemical Ali) were in control of their carefully planned eight-stage genocidal campaign.
United Nations
After the Anfal campaign was nearly over, the United Nations Sub-Committee on Human Rights voted by 11 votes to 8 not to condemn Iraq for Human Rights Violation.
AFTERMATH
In 1990, the U.S. succeeded in expelling the Iraqi occupying forces.
In 2003, the U.S. forces announced the capture of Saddam.
Death
About 150,000 people were killed in the operation of Ba'ath Regime.
70% of men were executed, as well as many women and children.
A total of 182,000+ people were killed.
The Start and End
It started because of the hatred towards the Kurdish people and any other non-Arab populations.
The campaign included bombing, destroying settlements, mass deportations, firing squads, and chemical warfare.
After most people were killed and abducted, it all came to an end. The Iraqi government decided it was over, so they announced it aloud on the radio. This was supposedly decided because Baghdad believed the Peshmerga (a member of the Kurdish nationalist guerrilla organization) had been defeated.
The Kurdish were still unable to to return to their previous free lives.

Iraqi Genocide
The U.S. and the
Full transcript