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Transcript of MIK'MAQ
By:Aycie,Aleeza and Tyler
New Foundland,Nova Scotia
The mik maq streched over 10000km along the alantic ocean.Geographic location between 45 and 50 degrees latitude.
Most of the Mi’kmaq spoke English, but some of them speak the cultural Mi’kmaq language. The Mi’kmaq language is called Migmaw or in English it’s pronounced Mikmaw. It is an Eastern Algonquian spoken by nearly 11,000 Mi’kmaq in canada and the United States.
Beliefs and Values
Wigwams were small homes built by Aboriginal people. In the past they were made out of long poles that came from trees, and bark. The houses were about 2.5 to 3 meters tall.
Art and Recreation
The way mik'maq people got around was by riding a horse or a canoe and to get to their homes they walked.The horse is important because it gets the mi'kmaq around to town and to the woods.
Where The Food Comes From
The Mi’kmaq people mostly got their food from forests or the sea. When food had been caught the Mi’kmaq people died it and smocked it, so that the food would be ready to be preserved for the winter. During summer berries and roots were picked and gathered for things like salad, before winter started again. The Mi’kmaq people had to plan their lives around the animal's life cycle so that they would never go hungry.
What They Hunted
The main food sources from the ocean were, salmon, sturgeon, whale, walrus, seal, squid, eel, and lobster. And the main food sources from the forests were, moose, caribou, beaver, porcupine, and small animals like squirrels.
The Mi’kmaq believe that everyting in life happens for a reason. They do not question of challenge the ways of the creator. Mi’kmaq people believe whatever a person gives to others will be returned, this by kindness and respect. They also believe that it is better to help a person who is going through something than to stand by and criticize or judge them.
All the clothing the Mi’kmaq people wore was completely hand made. They used materials found around the land to make their clothing. The most common material Mi’kmaq people used to make clothes was deer and caribou skins. When they have the skins they stretch and tan the material, which produces leather and furs. Parts of the animal bones are used for a needle to sew all the clothes together.
What Was Worn
Men wore leggings made from caribou or moose skins. Men also wore clothes that hang from their waists, these were called breechcloths. In winter and in colder weather fur robes were worn like a blanket over the man's shoulders. Woman also wore leggings and robes, but instead of having their robes over their shoulders they wore them around their waists like a belt. Children were dressed very similar to adults, but babies were wrapped in fur and fox, swan or and goose down to keep them warm.
The Mi’kmaq hunters and warriors used bows and arrows the most as well as bone spears and heavy wooden clubs. Most Native American bows were made of wood, most powerful wooden bow were backed with sinew (animal tendons) to make it soar better. A lot of Native American knives were made of sharpened stone, copper knives were also popular Native weapons.
Bows and Arrows
The Mi’kmaq people did lots of things for fun and entertainment. Dancing is one of the ways the Mi'kmaq people told their stories and entertained others. Sometimes,dancers tell the story of a successful hunt.The dancers pretend to be the animal or the hunter.They also like singing and drumming it's an important part of their culture and in their ceremonies and for dancing. The drums represent the center of their life. The mi'kmaq group also liked playing games like weapon colour,memory games,wooden games of walters and many more.
Mi’kmaq indians in the United States call their community a tribe. The leader of the Mi’kmaq tribe was called the chief-Saqamaw pronounced Sakmaw. When the Mi’kmaq and other tribes signed treaties with the Canadian government, they gave up ownership of most of their original land. However the government agreed that Mi’kmaq would have special fishing, hunting and logging rights.
The Mi’kmaq believe in the natural course of Justice. Although lawa do not always result in Justice being done, Mi’kmaq people have faith that a higher power will prevail.
Thank you for listening to our presentation. We had an amazing experience learning and reasearching about the
Like many goups, the Mi'kmaq had their own special way of dancing, that identifided them. The dances could be formal or informal. Nskawaqn are formal ordered dances. While informal dances are Amalkay which means "any old way to dance, just move your body".
-snake or serpent dance
-the naming ceremony