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Renaissance Music - Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

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Carling Pang

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Renaissance Music - Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Renaissance Music - Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Joy, Ellie & Carling
RENAISSANCE
MASS
IMPORTANT EVENTS
WORKS CITED
http://larvalsubjects.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/renaissance-the-school-of-athens-classic-art-paitings-raphael-painter-rafael-philosophers-hd-wallpapers.jpg
http://www.notabene.ru/history/chumbunt.gif
http://www.destination360.com/europe/italy/florence/images/s/renaissance-art.jpg
http://semisch11.wikispaces.com/file/view/big_pic.jpg/95651926/big_pic.jpg
http://img.timeinc.net/time/photoessays/2009/venice_artists/venice_artists_01.jpg
http://www.ask.com/question/renaissance-mass
http://www.edwardschaefer.net/catholic_church_music/teaching_aids/chant/Mass_article_gregorian_association.htm
http://everything2.com/title/Giovanni+Pierluigi+da+Palestrina
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11421b.htm
http://musicofyesterday.com/biographies/PalestrinaGiovanniPierluigiDa/Palestrina_and_His_Influence_on_the_Music_of_the_Italian_School.php
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Giovanni_Pierluigi_da_Palestrina.png
http://no14plusminus.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/palestrina_manuscript1.jpg
http://www.youtube/com/ watch?v=3n8XdKkrqgo
PALESTRINA
MUSIC
Missa Papae Marcelli
Nigra sum sed formosa
-Havard University
Pre-Renaissance - Bubonic Plague
Brunelleschi - Linear Perspective
Printing Press
Columbus discovers America
Sistine Chapel
European Wars of Religion
Henry VII of England is Excommunicated
Coronation of Queen Elizabeth 1st
Saint Bartholomew's Massacre
Paletrina's style of music
successful to combine technique and expression
growing in simplicity as he aged (both technically and expressively)
Wrote in complex and simple polyphonic forms, but his most successful works were those of his most simple
5 sections of the Renaissance mass:
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei
(Ite Missa Est)
Ordinary
Kyrie eleison
Gloria in excelsis
Creed
Sanctus and Benedictus
Agnus Dei
Chants of the Proper
Introit
Gradual or Alleluia
Alleluia or Tract
Offertory
Communion
INFLUENCES
EARLY LIFE
Born in Palestrina, 1525
Rome- 1537 - discovered by choirmaster of Santa Maria Maggiore
Cathedral of Palestrina, 1544
Called to St. Peter's in Rome, 1551
Direction and musical formation of the choir boys

CONTRIBUTION
Palestrina was a church composer and provided great influence on the music of the Church
Palestrina composed many masses, and set the bar for music of the Latin Church very high
No other composer could equal these talents, until the Baroque period (Bach)
CAREER
First compositions, masses for four voices - Julius III
Appointed member of the papal chapel
Object of the Pope, Marcellus II
After Paul IV's accession, Palestrina is dismissed with small pension
St. John Lateran- 1555
Wrote Lamentations, Magnificats, and Improperia
St. Philip Neri
Renaissance influenced literature, art, politics, religion, music...etc
Literature: recovery of Latin and Greek works
Art: commissioned by the Church, represents cultural rebirth
Political: Europe was controlled by monarchies, the Church, or capitalism (some independent Italian cities)
Religion: predominantly Christian, wars fought over religion, humanist ideals
Music:
Printing press enables widespread distribution
Development of bourgeois class increases demand for entertainment
Political stability allowed musical training
Diversity of genres and musical styles flourished
Vehicle for personal expression
Realism to express human emotion
Full transcript