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The Northern Renaissance:
Transcript of The Northern Renaissance:
The Garden of Earthly Delights
The Garden of Earthly Delights: Earth, Front Panel
_Outside is a grey-green grisaille
-Reflects a time before the sun and
moon were created (to give light to
the earth in a manner corresponding
to Christian theology
-Delineates the creation of the world
-Contains no human or animal life
-Dates from between 1490 & 1510
-The painting that Bosch uses the most vivid imagery
-Oil on oak
The Garden of Earthly Delights: Center Panel
This art was radically different from the art of the Italian renaissance which was primarily religious is nature and funded by the church and very powerful families such as the Medici’s and the Sforza’s
Art of the Northern Renaissance
Much art of the northern renaissance had a genre quality, which essentially means, everyday people doing everyday things. Artwork had a more personal connection with common people. It was smaller and offered viewers almost photographic references to people, time and place of everyday life.
Sam Seidel, Jeremy Mathers, Kyla De Boer,
Kimberly Turgeon, Amber Taylor, Hannah Petro
-Center panel is 87-77"
-Horizon line in center panel lines up with that of the
-Garden contains nude figures, animals and fruits
-People are shown to be partaking in amorous activities, seeming to act without shame
-Acts often happen in pairs or groups
-Nature is used to symbolize good an evil
-Owls are placed throughout the garden in use of signals
-Foir girls carry cherry-like fruits atop their heads
THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
BUT WHY WAS THE ART OF THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE SO DIFFERENT THAN THAT OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE?
-Some figures enjoy activities of sensory pleasure, others wander with the animals
-An important thing to note is the dark haired man to the lower right
-May be a self portrait of the artist
Questioning the rational of the Catholic Church
"Protest" against what the church stood for
The ninety-five theses on the power and efficacy of indulgences
- God (in the form of Christ) presents Eve to Adam in “the Garden of Eden”.
- Depicts the story of Adam waking up to find God holding Eve by her wrist and blessing their union.
- There are 3 elements to Adam’s facial expression- amazement of the presence of god, reacting to the awareness that Eve is of the same nature as himself, and the intensity depicts him experiencing the primal attraction to her.
- God is younger-looking than on the outer panels, blue-eyed and with golden curls.
The Garden of Earthly Delights: Left panel
Hieronymus Bosche born Jeroen Anthonissen van Aken (c.1450 ; August 9th, 1516)
Many of his paints illustrated will torn between two forces, virtue or sin (example of traveler / inn/brothel house painting)
Born in the town of Hetrogenbosche near Antwerp in a duchy called Brabant now in the Netherlands.
Not much is known about his life but only traces are found in local records
Bosch was known by many names including Jeroen Anthoniszoon ; Jheronimus Bosch, Jeroen van Aquen and the most common of these Alias Hieronymus Bosch.
- This panel also shows the last three days of creation- the earth and water attracted swarms of living creatures, including a giraffe, elephant and even a unicorn.
- The rabbit behind Eve is a symbol of fertility.
- In the center- the odd pink structure represents the Fountain of Life.
- The precious gems in the mud and some of the animals are believed to reflect the medieval descriptions of India.
The Garden of Earthly Delights: Right panel
How well do you know the Garden of Earthly Delights?
"The Return of the Hunters"-Bruegel
"The Last Supper"-Da Vinci
"Grand Piece of Turf"-Dürer
Artists were free to choose other subject matter that was not based on religion.
The churches were not the major patrons any more
The work was much smaller and not as grand
Extraordinary in subject matter and technique
"The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things"-Bosch
"Arnolfini Wedding"-Van Eyck
"Knight, Death and the Devil"-Dürer
"Portrait of Hieronymus Bosch"-Le Boucq
Bosch came from an artistic family which the males were all painters by trade and it was believed that he was trained at an early age by one of his relatives.
In the 1480s Bosch married a woman named Aleyt Goyaerts van den Meervee who was at least a couple years his senior from a wealthy family which made Bosch’s life stable and gave him the money to provide the tools
He joined a local brotherhood known as Our Lady
Bosch’s work was influenced by Bruegel and majority of his commissions came through the brotherhood
Work is described as dark and disturbing he takes a critical look at the world around him
“The Cure of the Folly” (c.1475-1480) is one of his early works which poked fun at the misguided medical practices of the day.
The reoccurring theme of rebuking those who spent their lives seeking earlthy pleasures and his love of triptychs in both “The Ship of Fools” (c.1490-1500) & “The Haywain” (1500-02)
Bosh didn’t paint in typical Flemish style, he drew with is brush and kept to oil paintings on wood
Bosh created a total of seven triptychs that are still existing today such as the temptation of st. Anthony
"The Cure of the folly"-Bosch
"The Ship of Fools"-Bosch
"The Temptation of st Anthony"-Bosch
The Legacy of Bosch
This piece of art is his best-known and most ambitious piece of completed word, this reveals master Hieronymus Bosch at the height of his powers; in no other painting that he has done, does he actually achieve such a complexity of meaning and/or such vivid imagery within the piece he has created.
Now because Bosch was such a unique artist and visionary already, the visions that he had created; the influence of his art did not in fact spread as widely as that of other big name artists in the world at that time or before him. However, there have been a few times later on in life where some artists have added or incorporated to Bosch's painting "The Garden of Earthly Delights" in their own pieces of art that they have created. Pieter Breughel the Elder directly has acknowledged Bosch as an important influence and inspiration to other artists.
Italian artist Giuseppe Arcimboldo created very strange paintings based on the heads of general people but in vegetable portraits. These strange portraits were inspired by Bosch's faithful willingness to break the rules of restriction and other representations of nature that have been put in the minds of the people around him.
David Teniers the Younger has quoted Bosch and Breughel throughout his work as an artist in the early 20th century. Bosch's work was enjoyed by the popular resurrection. Bosch has inspired few artists but that does not matter, he was still important, inspirational and inspiring to the ones around and after him. As well, when Andre Breton wrote his first Surrealist manifesto in 1924, a surrealist movement was soon discovered. Bosch and Breughal very quickly became popular among painters that were surrealisrs.
Heironymus Bosch was then regarded as an art-historical mentor. Many were inspired by "The Garden of Earthly Delights".
- Depicts a world where humans have given into the temptations that have lead them to eternal damnation.
- Warning others not to follow in the same path