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21st Century Teaching Virtual Classroom Photography
in Education Individual powerpoint &
VideoScribe Tools Lecture By Mohd Adzree Zikrillah Asman A student member of the Nottingham University Campus....yup... As well as from the Foundation in Arts school........learning and gaining vast knowledge! YUP! THATS RIGHT!!! :) Need more brain cells A journey throughout my Communication in Technology Class with Mohd Shukri Nordin During the first lecture
I was taught basic theories of Educational Technology
As seen from diagram bottom left Thanks to Educational Technology lecture:
I was Introduced to prezi (A web-based presentation application).....(Retrieved http://www.freeform.ca/en/blog/easy-web-based-presentation-application-prezi .....Which I am using now for my Educational Technology portfolio
I find the Prezi application to be really useful in creating a unique, interesting and artistic powerpoint Content of the first lecture includes: Learning theories
Questions regarding Technology incorporation in Classrooms for E.G :
Pros/Cons of educational technology
Its effect on learning
The type of learning that will take place
A suitable model in incorporating Educational Technology in the classroom? A visual summary of Educational Technology
(The Key Elements) Other aspects learnt regarding the theories:
Understanding roles of teachers and learners From the lecture module overall:
I understand the aims in which to:
Understand/identify theories associated with incorporating E.T in class
Aware and able to explain the good practices in incorporating E.T in class
Practical = Applying what I learnt into analysing E.T that we use Note: E.T = Educational Technology Reflection of Lecture 1:
The lecture was very interesting since = it is in my field of interest in technology for education
I'm interested in how technology affects ways people learn I've learnt useful concepts regarding education technology, allowing me to question/evaluate the importance of educational technology. For example:
How is educational technology essential that it lies in the field of education? And does that affect how young people learn?
These questions have raised my understanding of why technologies are favored by different educational schools During Lecture 2: Cloud computing features and components Positive aspects of cloud computing (features & components) I learned about cloud computing
From the lecture, I understand that cloud computing are:
Using hosted remote servers on the internet to store, process or edit any type of data, individually or simultaneously (Retrieved http://www.pctools.com/security-news/what-is-cloud-computing/) I learned about the positive aspects of cloud services where:
Any data that is edited from the cloud service, will become automatically saved
This is done instantaneously without the user realizing it I also learned that Cloud services also allows the ability to edit a data from more than two users simultaneously
If for example, your computer fell from the table and broke, all the data is still safely stored in the cloud services online DROPBOX I was introduced to DropBox, a very simple form of cloud computing
Me myself, as well as other students created a dropbox account to access cloud computing
We experimented with dropbox with it its various fun and exciting features! Thank you DROPBOX no worries! :) How DROPBOX store data and acts as a backup! Oh no! My Computer! Discussion forum: Cloud computing Question: Positive/negative aspects of Cloud Computing in EDUCATION Cloud computing for education: My response was: Apart from that, I written on the discussion forum about:
Using cloud computing for education
So basically discussing its postive/negative aspects and its overall conclusion Lecture Definition of Internet:
-The Internet is a massive public spiderweb of computer connections.
- Retrieved from (http://netforbeginners.about.com/od/i/f/What-Is-The-Internet.htm) The history of the internet
(1962 - 2009) Retrieved from: http://www.eface.in/history-of-the-internet-in-pictures/ 40 years of the internet 10 mind blowing facts about the internet Different types of browser we use today to surf the internet Mozilla Firefox Google Chrome Safari Internet Explorer Opera Internet Explorer 9 During Lecture 3:
We made a prezi presentation
Each of us are assigned different topics for the prezi presentation
Me and Aqmil was assigned a topic about the Internet
So we'll show you our creativity of our prezi about the Internet in the next few slides
This includes the definition of the internet, its history/background and the current internet we know now as well as some videos about the internets history and facts Later on: So basically the question asks:
Whether I take positions for or against social networking
Whether it is a good or bad thing overall And my reply was then: His question was: Mr Shukri set up another discussion question regarding "Social networking as distraction?" Lecture Reflection: After lecture 2, I was able to apply what I learnt into my other modules, for example, I am using Cloud Computing specifically "Dropbox" for backup to save all my work assignments, since they are all done on my laptop. After learning about the pros, cons and features of dropbox, it is a very essential backup cloud system for my work files as well as reduces the chance of me losing huge significant work files done on my laptop that may be lost due to my laptop malfunctioning or a shutdown caused by low battery power Lecture 4: During this lecture, mainly practical, we were taught:
The basic theories to create a good powerpoint for an effective presentation Questions raised from this lecture in regards to powerpoint:
How to create an effective powerpoint?
What are the elements of a simple and effective powerpoint? I was then taught ways to make effective powerpoints
This includes DO's & DONT'S while creating powerpoint slides
As well as the basic skills to improvise an effective powerpoint and reasons why it must be done this and not the other way For example:
The powerpoint slide must consist of 2 contrasting colours like black text and white background - otherwise the slides become obscured and unobservable Other theories includes:
Slides must not include too much sound and animation effect - This might distract audience from your powerpoints word content
Slides must also not include unecessary/irrelevant pictures - Audience will become distracted or irritated by this The context of this lecture comprises of elements of effective and simple powerpoints for educational purposes Microsoft powerpoint: -After taught the basic theories of creating effective powerpoints, I was told to create a powerpoint on the topic "Simulation Teaching Functions", and apply the basic theories of effective powerpoint into the powerpoint slides - After reading about Simulation Teaching Fuctions:
I start by setting up the themes, style and how I represent the information in the powerpoint slides I started by organising my powerpoints into:
Summarise the texts by
Only use few texts or words
Use pictures for visualisation
Make slide background colour and word fonts consistent The content of the slides includes:
2 types of simulations that (teach about something) & (teach how to do something)
Pros and Cons of simulation teaching Reasons for this: Example of slide: This is to ensure that:
My powerpoint is clear and creative, and not clogged with text only which is boring and ineffective for audience to see
Pictures to add more visualisation to my slides
Fewer text, easy and simple for audience to read Reflection: Lecture 4 After this lecture, I was able to create effective powerpoints, which is useful for my education when creating effective powerpoints for other module assessments
The practical was interesting and gives me experiences of how to apply it on other fields of education
As well as the contents of simulation teaching functions that I read, which gives me understanding of other ways of teaching students using simulating softwares as well as its benefits and problems that arises in its use - this gives me awareness of various educational technology integrated in our teaching and learning for beneficial and convenient use
This also allows me to question how digitalised and advanced our technologies has become to the extent that it has the ability to teach us with its computerised ability Reflection Lecture 3: Throughout the end of this lecture and the practicals, I learnt how to use Prezi in a suitable and effective manner, as well as knowledge gained regarding the internet and its history. Furthermore, prezi allows me to create visualised and effective presentations which is extremely useful to implement it for coursework or examination presentations in my other modules. Apart from that:
We also learned about other types of software package that includes
Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel We learned about the uses of these different software packages for educational purposes, and the positive as well as the negative aspects of using them During the class practical:
We were told to make a word document about the best food we have ever tasted
So I made a document about Sarawakian laksa food FlipSnack Lastly, I saved the Microsoft word as a PDF file so that I could upload in to FlipSnack (since FlipSnack only accepts PDF format
Next, I chose my book decorations and colour then saved it, and uploaded the link on moodle I included lots of pictures, as well as the history, ingredients, taste and looks of the sarawakian laksa food
I also included other types of laksa noodles from other Malaysian states During Lecture 5: I was introduced to a new type of software called "FlipSnack", which is "a page flip software that enables you to create stylish digital flipping books out of your PDF documents". (Retrieved from http://www.flipsnack.com/page-flip-software/ During lecture 5:
I was also taught about other types of Technology Integration for education use
E.g software support tools Recent development in software support tools: Reflection: Continued Software support tools This includes the introduction to other types software support tools such as:
Data collection & analysis tools
Planning and organizing tools
Research and reference tools
Content-area tools Reflection From reading about these software support tools, I understand that they offer various benefits such as:
- Improved efficiency and productivity
- Improved appearance of product
- Better accuracy and timeliness of information
- More support for interaction and sharing I also read about different technologies in contemporary society now, which includes:
- Cell phones and other handheld technologies
- Web and cloud availability (cloud computing)
- Software suites
In addition, I also read about new technologies which are becoming more frequently used in classrooms for all student years. They are:
- Developing educational webside by the use of Web Design Software
- Interactive Whiteboard Activity Software All this refers back to the prezi powerpoint signifying the theories of education from the first lecture. From this, I can relate on how the conveniency and beneficial use of technology relate to the recent trend of technology that we use in all aspects from the fields of education, or even work. After using FlipSnack, I think it is really useful in terms of being creative of presenting informations and pictures. The book flip animation and the book cover decoractions are very creative and unique, making flipsnack a useful tool in artistic and creative presentation of work. Furthermore, this lecture has taught me the basic essentials of technological education, where I am more aware of these various types of technological tools which can be integrated in classrooms for teaching and learning, as well as helping me substantially with my education as I am able to apply these technological tools for my studies, learning and helps to facilitate my thinking by using these tools to assist my understanding of anything, especially tools which relies on visual representation of data. Overall, this lecture to me is significant it terms of using the tools appropriately and effectively for learning and teaching Lecture During lecture 6, I was taught about Hypermedia tools for teaching in the 21st century
I was first taught the "Analysis of Learning and Teaching needs" which includes 7 steps altogether:
Step 1 (determine relative advantage), Step 2 (Assess Tech-PACK, Step 3 (Decide on objectives and assessments), Step 4 (Design integration strategies), Step 5 (Prepare instructional environment), Step 6 (Analayze results), Step 7 (Make revisions)
Afterwards, I was introduced to two aspects from the Hypermedia tools.
These two includes:
(2) Hypermedia MULTIMEDIA HYPERMEDIA Definition - (of art, education, etc.) using more than one medium of expression or communication:
a multimedia art form
(of computer applications) incorporating audio and video, especially interactively
Retrieved from (http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/multimedia) Definition - an extension to hypertext providing multimedia facilities, such as those handling sound and video.
Retrieved from (http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/hypermedia) We were also introduced to 4 different types of Multimedia Authoring Type (1) - Presentation Hypermedia Type (2) - Audio and Video Production and Editing System Type (3) - Hypermedia Production Software Type (4) - Virtual Environments We were introduced to a online 3D virtual world software called "SECOND LIFE"
Definition - Second Life is a massive multi-player universe (MMU) set in a 3D virtual world created by San Francisco-based software maker Linden Labs. Retrieved from (http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/Second-Life) This online 3D virtual software allows real life construction of any places in the world
During our experiment with Second Life, we created an account and made our own avatar
The most significant and appealing feature was the ability to learn through stimulation of real 3D life
We communicate and interacted with each other through the world of second life, allowing virtual practical learning and teaching throughout the game During the lecture:
We focused on Multimedia Authoring Type 4 - Virtual Environments Reflection I really enjoyed this lecture, since I has the opportunity to learn and experience some of the unique and interesting ways of teaching and learning which I was able to use 'second life' to have a virtual communication with my classmates for various purposes, such as chatting, learning and teaching through the virtual 3D simulation. From my views, this is a very effective manner in teaching students practically, using 3D simulation technology, allowing the experience of teaching and learning in a more interesting, prestigious, enjoyable and unique manner. However, I also find 'second life' very distracting in terms of having to concentrate on the educational purpose or goals. Instead, I found myself focusing more on the game itself and exploring its features rather than concentrating on the class with Mr shukri. From this I can conclude that 'second life' might not be an effective tools for learning and teaching for every individual, since people may become distracted by the game, diverting their attention to the game itself rather than to the educational purposes. Lecture During lecture 7:
- We did a full online delivery of teaching and learning
- This means that we used a chat called 'virtual classroom' as our main tools of communication
- Likewise, I conducted my online communication in the library using the library's wirless network (UNMC) After that, we are to find the definitions and differences between synchronous and asynchronous communication and send the information via the virtual classroom chat
Synchronous definition: "The term synchronous is used to describe a continuous and consistent timed transfer of data blocks." (Retrieved from http://www.fiberoptics4sale.com/wordpress/what-is-synchronous-transmission-and-asynchronous-transmission/) Asynchronous definition: "Not synchronized; that is, not occurring at predetermined or regular intervals." (Retrieved from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/A/asynchronous.html)
So basically the difference between the two communication is that synchronous is communication that happens at the same time while asynchronous is different, that is does not occur at the same time After that, we were told to find a video that relates/discusses about the types of distance learning activites:
I found one video about blended learning from the youtube website which explains the basics about blended learning:
Then I uploaded the link with the description in the Class Wiki page in moodle Distance Teaching and Learning and the Role of the Internet We all logged in the virtual classroom chat as the main tools of communication
Mr Shukri then asked us to refer to our educational technology books and asked us to name the various types of distance learning activities which are:
Web facilitated, blended learning & online After we finished with finished with the virtual classroom communication, Mr Shukri set another question in the Education Technology forum page about todays lecture and the experience with distance communication learning/teaching The main question asked by Mr Shukri includes:
- "Our session today is a 100% online delivey of teaching and learning. Even though this is your first time, based on your observation what do you think about this type of delivery?" My reply was then: "Alright then, so coming back to face to face communication compared to online conversations, many online videos or conversation chat can experience malfunctioning processes that obstruct perfect online communication - An example is a low speed connection or a fault in software components that prevents video chatting. Using computer for classes through video chat can be obstructing, since focus can be diverted to other activites in computer rather than focusing on the online class. Just my 2 cents." Forum Discussion Another reply & question Mr Shukri sent to me was:
"That is absolutely true Adzree, but that happens in the classrooms as well. How to do you distance learning should be approached to make it work?" My reply was then:
"Well, in this case, teachers can keep track of students activities by installing a watchdog or software that observes their online activities - although this will violate the rights of privacy, but its one of the extreme measures to keep students attentive during online class" Reflection: Although during class that virtual classrom communication chat or other kinds of communication software can become effecient, in terms of not having to attend class, and that classrooms can be conducted online, from my experience on the online virtual classrom, I find it typically ineffective and distracting because first of all, the connection can be very slow, thus controbutes to an ineffective communication. Then second of all, I become distracted with other activities on my laptop such as facebooking, or playing online games rather than concentrating in class. Finally, Mr shukri has to use his phone because there was something wrong with his laptop. This results in slow replies, and an overall ineffective communication. Lecture During lecture 8:
We were introduced about photography in Education
We we told to bring our own camera but since I don't have one, I used the camera from my own ipod touch
From the lecture, Mr shukri talks in detail generally on everything we need to know about camera.
We did some practical activites today. (1) First we learned about the theories and histories relating with cameras and their components, taking good pictures & (2) we did a practical on taking skilled photos shots from my ipod touch During the lecture:
Mr Shukri introduced to use about cameras include the history of cameras from its first invention, until contemporary digital cameras today.
He mentioned of the difference between these new and old type cameras, based on their features, as well as the image/picture quality they produced
He also explain about the different components within various cameras, such as the lenses and sensors Mr Shukri also explains about the relevance of cameras in the educational field where:
- Cameras (digital) can be involed/used in various fields of education such as in Art class, used for drawing pictures based on photos taken, as well as ICT class, where pictures taken can be used to be photoshopped and processed.
- Other than that, cameras have also changed in terms of using cameras in smartphones rather than an actual digital camera Moving on:
Mr Shukri teaches us about the effective techniques of photgraphing pictures
This includes linear, texture, depth of field, pattern etc.
Mr Shukri explains the importance of the ways images are taken such as the position in which you stand or crouch when taken the picture from various directions, as well as the environment you take the picture. All these factors contributes to the quality and creativity of your picture After being taught the basics of photography, we conducted a practical experiment on photography, where based on the skills and tips of photography introduced to us, we then tried to apply it practically
So what we did was, we went throughout the Nottingham university, and try to capture creative photos from various angles and skills we learnt just now during the lecture Here are some of the pictures taken: Reflection: The lecture about cameras and photography today was very interesting, especially since we are able to apply what we learnt during class such as doing the practical activities on taking photos. This lecture allows my to apply my knowledge and experience of taking photos and the skills I learnt as well. The lecture also gets me to thinking about its relation with the fields of education since photography does relates to most educational fields and subjects such as science and maths. Apart from that, the module accumulates my knowledge on the various features and facts about photography. Lecture Lecture 9 Individual Powerpoint Presentation: Contents of presentation Picture of lev semyonovich vygotsky: Its relation with Educational Technology The technology integration strategies During this lecture, we all did an individual presentation on theories that are related to Educational Technology. I was assigned by Mr Shukri to present about the Scaffolding Theory, and for the presentation, I used powerpoint, simply because its easier and much more simpler to use. For the Individual presentation, I presented about the Scaffolding theories, including who was behind this theory, what does the theory represents, as well as its relation with educational technology
Most of the information gathered was from the educational technology Book Based on my slides and the information from the educational technology book, the Scaffolding theory was invented by a person known as lev semyonovich vygotsky, who was a russian philosopher and educational psychologist. The scaffolding theory represents at least 2 aspects. First, learning if more effective when children build on what they already know. Second of all, people learn differently based on their diverse background experiences and culture. There are various ways on how this theory relates with Educational Technology.
First of all, many technology tools act as a support to help children build on what they already know, which are usually the basic knowledge
Secondly, this is an effective way to teach theories that are complex and intricate, using technogies which consists of visual based tools Teachers would approach to using visual activities and well as alternate learning styles such as those who are visual, auditory and kinesthetic, allowing learning to become more flexible and effective. Visual activities such as interactive whiteboards and projectors are effective methods for teaching and learning Next, Mr shukri introduced us to something called 'VideoScribe'. This is defined as "a unique way to create engaging animated videos quickly and easily."(Retrieved from http://www.sparkol.com/videoscribe.php)
We were told to go to the VideoScribe homepage from Sparkol.com and then create a free account and download the VideoScribe software. After that, we were introduced to the various features of VideoScribe for instance, the ability to change texts, portray animated images from any pictures, as well as input of music that goes with the video. VideoScribe not only creates unique animated writings of words, but also pictures that are detailed and intricate. For me, I did an advertisement on Mcdonalds Reflection Reflection For the individual powerpoint, I am able to apply the skills learnt in order to create an effective powerpoint for the audience. This includes using relevant, interesting pictures, as well as not clogging your slides with too many words. I also use red colour to the text for emphasis on terms or a word, so audiences become more attentive, focus and is much more easier for them to understand my powerpoint slides about the Scaffolding theory. Even though the slides from my powerpoint is abit long, it is still fine. However Mr Shukri has also commented to me that some of my pictures are abit irrelevant to the topic so therefore I need to choose various pictures more carefully that is relevant to the topic itself After using VideoScribe, to me, its a really useful tool, comprising of words and images presented in a very unique manner. The hand animation in writing and drawing really does draw my attention since I feel more interactive with VideoScribe videos rather than plain, non-moving images and texts. VideoScribe to me is probably one of the most unique and splendid tools for various purposes. It can be used to tell storylines, present a theory, advertisements like what maxis and digi are using to promote their products, and many more uses! However, the disadvantage of VideoScribe is that free users have a 7 day limit of use. To continuously use VideoScribe more than 7 days, you will need to pay.