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Depersonalization Disorder

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Kendra Hill

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of Depersonalization Disorder

Depersonalization Disorder (DPD) When one experiences this disorder,
They feel as if they are having an out of body experience Or witnessing themselves in a movie, or watching their own life pass by They can also feel as if their body is dissolving, unreal or changing
Depersonalization disorder is the feeling of detachment from their own physical body
Their feelings, emotions, and behaviors do not belong to the same person This disorder is also sometimes called Depersonalization Neurosis
In some cases, people have experienced this disorder due to sleep deprivation and the use of certain anesthetics. Experiencing this disorder could make you feel uneasy or anxious If this disorder is being reported with other mental illnesses, such as depression or certain neurosis,
it may be a sign of schizophrenia.
Neurosis is the general term describing mental distresses but do not prevent people from regular thought or living out their normal lives Someone who suffers from depersonalization could be susceptible to suicide, performing the process calmly without real awareness.
It is not always a serious condition, healthy people who have experienced danger often report of depersonalization after the event as a reaction. These feelings can happen to anyone, but they are most prevalent in anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders, depression, and some epilepsy. This disorder has been related back to severe abuse in one’s childhood. This abuse could be physical, emotional or sexual, or something traumatic that happened in the past.
According to the Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders, emotional abuse was a strong predictor of Depersonalization Disorder in later adult life, as well as a symptom with other mental disorders.
The causes are not always spot on, it is still not completely understood. Yet this disorder is not to be confused with post traumatic stress disorder, there have been technology advances in brain imaging and it is its own entity. So far, there are no genes that could determine if you will have this disorder or not, as early as 2002, but that was eight years ago and there may be a possible way of finding this out in the future. In the past few years of research, Depersonalization has been traced to differences in brain functioning American researchers found that patients with depersonalization disorder had different patterns of response to tests of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA),
the part of the brain involved in the fight-or-flight reaction to stress, than did patients with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. According to the novel, Feeling Unreal: Depersonalization Disorder and the loss of the self, By Daphne Simeon, records of lack of completeness, detachment or total lack of feelings began to be noticed in the 1840’s. In the 1870’s, Krishaber, a Hungarian ear, throat and nose specialist reported that 38 patients were feeling anxiety, fatigue and depression.
Out of those 38, more than one third complained of baffling and unpleasant mental experiences consisting of the loss of feeling or reality. Krishaber said that multiple sensory distortions often lead to “self strangeness.” One patient tells us that he is “no longer himself, that he has lost awareness of himself.” Although the term depersonalization disorder wasn’t used until 26 years later by Dugas, Krishabers case in 1872 were the first true cases ever recorded of DPD. Depersonalization may also be the desired affect from the use of drugs. It is an effect from dissociative’s and psychedelics. Dissociatives are drugs that reduce or block signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain. These drugs can produce hallucinogens and dream like states or trances. Psychedelics are drugs that also produce hallucinogens, changes perception and altered states of awareness. People who take drugs to achieve this detachment may also experience this as a withdrawal from the drug. The treatments for this disorder vary. It depends on the patient, if the disorder includes very persistent, upsetting or recurring. This will call for specialized treatment of the patient. Other treatments include psychodynamic psychotherapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Unfortunately, there have been very few well-designed studies comparing different medications for depersonalization disorder.
Because depersonalization disorder is frequently associated with trauma, effective treatment must include other stress-related symptoms. Creative therapies such as art and music help the patient express themselves in a creative way. Clinical hypnosis is a treatment method that uses intense relaxation, concentration and focused attention to achieve an altered state of consciousness. Some of the rescue personnel from the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon experienced episodes of depersonalization after a day and a half without sleep. There have been some well known people who have experienced this disorder. Adam Duritz, lead singer of Counting Crows,
had a form of DPD with severe depression. What triggers this disorder? Depersonalization is used as a defense mechanism often times after
severe anxiety,
trauma. Can also be triggered from abuse earlier in life. Over 20 to 40 percent of the general population has experienced some form of depersonalization. Women appear to be almost twice as susceptible as men, however it is not known if women are at greater risk for Depersonalization Disorder or if they simply are more likely to seek help for its symptoms. This disorder could happen to you when you
wake up,
when flying in an airplane,
driving your car,
or at the dentist office. (Laughing Gas) Anyone is capable of experiencing this disorder.
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