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Transcript of DEATH PENALTY
Retribution (punishment) is wrong
people who believe death penalty is a sin, will believe that retribution is morally wrong and problematic.
"we cant teach that killing is wrong by killing" said by the U.S catholic conference.
"to take a life when a life has been lost is revenge, it is not justice" said by an attribute to archbishop desmond tutu.
Some people argue that death penalty is not punishment enough. they believe that life imprisonment causes more much more suffering to the guilty person than a fast and painless death after a short period of imprisonment.
Arguments supporting death penalty
most common arguments that support death penalty are :
prevention of re-offending
What is death penalty
death penalty, also known as capital punishment, is a legal process where a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
it can only be used by the state, otherwise it will be counted as a murder.
Arguments against capital punishment
most common arguments against the death penalty are:
the main argument to which retribution is immoral is that its just a form of revenge.
Failure to deter
some people think that the death penalty doesn't stop people committing crimes, however, research has failed to provide a scientific proof that execution has a greater deterrent effect than life imprisonment.
Value of human life
everyone thinks human life is valuable, therefor people against death penalty believe that human life is so valuable that even the worst murderers should not be deprived from their lives.
"A state that applies the death penalty is a state that violates human rights." unknown
They also believe that sentencing a human to death and executing them violates their human right to life.
"taking a person's life is committing the same act." unknown
However the counter-argument is that a person can lose his right to life by his own actions.
value of human life and their rights to life
retribution (punishment) is wrong
failure to deter (stop) crimes
the basic argument behind retribution and punishment:
•all guilty people deserve to be punished
•only guilty people deserve to be punished
•guilty people deserve to be punished in proportion to the severity of their crime.
This argument states that real justice requires people to suffer for their wrongdoing, and to suffer in a way appropriate for the crime. Each criminal should get what their crime deserves and in the case of a murderer what their crime deserves is death.
it is supported with the argument "an eye for an eye".
Executions, especially where they are painful, humiliating, and public, may create a sense of horror that would prevent others from being tempted to commit similar crimes...
meanwhile, death is usually done in private and painlessly using, such as injections of drugs, and to that extent it may be less effective as a deterrent..
Prevention of re-offending
people supporting death penalty will argue that those who are executed cannot commit any other crimes. However, other people argue that there are other ways to ensure that the offender will not commit additional crimes, such as life imprisonment.
But some people don't believe that life imprisonment protects society. they say that the offender may no longer be a danger to public but he might be a danger to prison staff and prisoners. Execution would remove that danger.
Different Religious views
ISLAM: is with capital punishment, but forgiveness is preferable.
"...If anyone kills a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he killed all people. And if anyone saves a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all people" (Qur'an 5:32).
Life is sacred, according to Islam and most other world faiths. But how can one hold life sacred, yet still support capital punishment? The Qur'an answers, "...Take not life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you, so that you may learn wisdom" (6:151).
Islam only punishes by death penalty in the following crimes...
Treason (when one leaves the faith and joins the enemy in fighting against the Muslim community)
Land, sea, or air piracy
CHRISTIANITY: is both supporting and against death penalty. in the bible it says:
"Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed"
"Whatever measure you deal out to others will be dealt back to you"
however, it also says:
"Thou shalt not kill"
some people think that modern society has alternative punishments available which were not used in Biblical times, and these make the death penalty unnecessary.
I think that the punishment should depend on what kind of crime and for what reason it was committed. if it was just a random kill or an act of terrorism for no particular reason, then the offender should be punished by death with no mercy ,because he didn't have mercy on the person he killed. I think you should put yourself in the family of the dead person's shoes ,and think what would your reaction be.
However, i believe that you cannot teach that killing is wrong by doing the same act.