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Transcript of Hermann Hesse
2 July 1877 – 9 August 1962
German poet, novelist, and painter
In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature
Hermann's mother Marie wrote
: "The little fellow has a life in him, an unbelievable strength, a powerful will, and, for his four years of age, a truly astonishing mind. How can he express all that? It truly gnaws at my life, this internal fighting against his tyrannical temperament, his passionate turbulence [...] God must shape this proud spirit, then it will become something noble and magnificent – but I shudder to think what this young and passionate person might become should his upbringing be false or weak."
Signs of serious depression as early as his first year at school.
Entered the Evangelical Theological Seminary of Maulbronn Abbey in 1891
In March 1892, Hesse fled from the Seminary and was found in a field a day later.
Attempt at suicide in May
In 1893, he passed the One Year Examination, which concluded his schooling.
In October 1895, he was ready to begin wholeheartedly a new apprenticeship with a bookseller in Tübingen.
German Romantics (Novalis, ...)
Carl Jung (psychoanalysis)
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism.
Novalis was the pseudonym of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (May 2, 1772 – March 25, 1801), a poet, author, and philosopher of early German Romanticism.
“Poetry heals the wounds inflicted by reason.”
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation, in which he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction.
C. G. Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of extraversion and introversion; archetypes, and the collective unconscious.
“I have been and still am a seeker, but I have ceased to question stars and books; I have begun to listen to the teaching my blood whispers to me.”
“I live in my dreams — that's what you sense. Other people live in dreams, but not in their own. That's the difference.”
“Wisdom cannot be imparted. Wisdom that a wise man attempts to impart always sounds like foolishness to someone else ... Knowledge can be communicated, but not wisdom. One can find it, live it, do wonders through it, but one cannot communicate and teach it.”
“Solitude is independence. It had been my wish and with the years I had attained it. It was cold. Oh, cold enough! But it was also still, wonderfully still and vast like the cold stillness of space in which the stars revolve.”
“A wild longing for strong emotions and sensations seethes in me, a rage against this toneless, flat, normal and sterile life. I have a mad impulse to smash something, a warehouse perhaps, or a cathedral, or myself, to committ outrages...”
“What you call passion is not a spiritual force, but friction between the soul and the outside world. Where passion dominates, that does not signify the presence of greater desire and ambition, but rather the misdirection of these qualities toward and isolated and false goal, with a consequent tension and sultriness in the atmosphere. Those who direct the maximum force of their desires toward the center, toward true being, toward perfection, seem quieter than the passionate souls because the flame of their fervor cannot always be seen. In argument, for example, they will not shout or wave their arms. But, I assure you, they are nevertheless, burning with subdued fires.”
The Glass Bead Game
: to bite or chew (something) repeatedly
: to make (a hole in something) by chewing
intransitive verb \ˈshə-dər\
of a person : to shake because of fear, cold, etc.
of a thing : to shake violently
: to feel or show strong emotion (such as anger) even though you try to control it
: to be in a state of constant activity
a : very hot and humid : sweltering <a sultry day>
b : burning hot : torrid <a sultry sun>
a : hot with passion or anger
b : exciting or capable of exciting strong sexual desire <sultry glances>
noun \ˈbil-du̇ŋ(k)s-rō-ˌmän, -du̇ŋz-\
: a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character
Mother's father a missionary and Indologist. Father, too, had been a missionary in India for a short while, and mother had spent several years of her youth in India and had done missionary work there.
“You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”
“The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself.”
Where was Hesse born? Germany
When did he received his Nobel Price? 1947
Describe him as a student. Rebelious
Which religion influenced him the most? Buddhism
What was his first job? Bookseller
Name at least one philosopher that influenced him. Nietzsche
What is characteristic for Romanticism? Focus on emotions
Where did his grandparent worked? In India
What does "bildungsroman" mean? Focus on char. development
Who founded analytical psychology? Carl Jung
How does novel Siddhartha differ in terms of literary style? Simple
What is the name of his last novel? Glass Bead Game
Are you going to read anything by him? (Siddhartha is really short (50 pages) and really good ;)) YES!
Name one representative of Romantic movement. Novalis
What was his relationship with his parents. Good
“Learn what is to be taken seriously and laugh at the rest.”
― Hermann Hesse