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Copy of The Philippines Under The Japanese Puppet Government

Philippine History

daisy campos

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Philippines Under The Japanese Puppet Government

Military Order No. 2
Thank you for your attention!
On February 17, 1942, the Japanese educational policy was enacted through Military Order Number 2 – promoting the Filipino culture, spiritual enrichment among the Filipino families, propagation of Japanese language – Nippongo and the implementation of Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
The public elementary schools were re-opened in June 1942. Intentionally, Jose P. Laurel added the compulsory teaching of the fundamental principles of militant nationalism and nationalist credo among the Filipino youth to boost their morale in the midst of war. As a result of this campaign, most of the Filipino youth became HUKBALAHAP (Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon) guerilla.
What is Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere?
It represented the desire to create a self-sufficient "block of Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Western powers".
On April 9, 1942, General Edward P. King, Commander of the ALLIED forces in Bataan composed of 78,000 soldiers, surrendered.

The horror of Death March also known as the Mariveles Massacre was began immediately after the fall of Bataan. At the dawn of April 10, 1942 from Mariveles, Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga, the triumph-drunk Japanese were simply posted sentries along major routes from Bataan to Pampanga to torment and torture the defenders of Bataan; these routes became an open-air chamber of horrors as described by the Death March survivors.
Thank you for your attention!
The Last Attempt To Defend The Philippine Island
General Jonathan Wainwright estimated that 16,000 shells had hit the island of Corregidor within twenty-four hour bombardment of the enemy. On May 6, 1942 at around 10 in the morning, he sent General Moore and Brigadier General Beebe and told them.
We can’t hold out very much longer. Maybe we could last through this day, but the end certainly must come tonight. It would be better to clear up the situation now, in daylight.
General Wainwright ordered all units to prepare for surrender. Both Filipino and American soldiers were instructed to destroy all weapons greater than pistols and shoulder weapons.

On May 6, 1942, Corregidor fell to the advancing Japanese troops. This event signaled the complete fall of the Philippines in the hands of another conqueror.

Both Bataan and Corregidor were the living witnesses of Filipinos’ patriotism and heroism.
Thank you for your attention!
The Collaborationists
According to Renato Constantino, from his book entitled, The Making of a Filipino, there were two kinds of collaborators during Japanese occupation. The first group was the top leadership who collaborated with the Japanese invaders and the second group, the guerilla leaders and their followers who supported their resistance on the return of the Americans. In effect, resistance was also a form of collaboration. According to Constantino, to understand the behavior of both groups, it is necessary to recall briefly the political, social, and economic situation as it developed under the Americans up to just before the Japanese invasions.
He further used our History to assess the situation:
History reveals that although the ilustrados had been the agents of the process of national awakening under the Americans, they metamorphosed into impediments to the completion of the process. The concept of being Filipino had widened from the original core or creoles and Spanish mestizos to the greater circle embracing the erstwhile indios. Race and property were therefore no longer dominant concepts in the evolution of national consciousness. However, the very property and racial factors had spurred the local elitist movement to seek separation from the former mother country returned to the fore when the ilustrados saw the threat of indio engulfment; only this time they saw the protection of their interested in the alliance with the new colonial power. They were now becoming un-Filipino once again, seeing unity among themselves and collaboration with the Americans as the only check to the resurgence of the mass revolutionary fervor characteristics of the anti-Spanish and anti-American struggles. It seems clear that in fighting for their class, they had to play temporarily a progressive role fighting for the cause of the entire country (Constantino, R., 1979)
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