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Transcript of Clayton Lesson
4 Review of WWII League of Nations Woodrow Wilson strong supporter of international organization to promote peace and justice after WWI.
League drafted Treaty of Versailles.
League of Nations v United Nations No army
Axis Powers left
Countries don't want to give up sovereignty
US did not join
FAILED when Germany left & started conquering Nations willing to give troops for army
More respresentative and inviting of other nations
US agreed to join Structure of the UN General Assembly Includes all members
1 country=1 vote
Need 2/3 majority to pass resolution Security Council 15 members
5 of them are permanent
*US, China, France, Russia, UK
These 5 have veto power
Other 10 elected by General Assembly Secretary General "President"
Elected by General Assembly
Approved by Security Council Ban-Ki Moon
South Korea International Court of Justice Handles disputes between countries and hears cases related to international crime. Economic & Social Councils Handles economic and social issues
*World Bank & IMF* Other UN Agencies Food & Agriculture Association
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Labour Organization UN & WWII Marshall Plan: European reconstruction plan
Gave $13 billion in foreign aid $1 million in $100 bills $1 billion in $100 bills Eleanor Roosevelt and the Declaration of Human Rights 1. Everyone is free and we should all be treated in the same way.
2. Everyone is equal despite differences in skin colour, sex, religion, language for example.
3. Everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety.
4. No one has the right to treat you as a slave nor should you make anyone your slave.
5. No one has the right to hurt you or to torture you.
6. Everyone has the right to be treated equally by the law.
7. The law is the same for everyone, it should be applied in the same way to all.
8. Everyone has the right to ask for legal help when their rights are not respected.
9. No one has the right to imprison you unjustly or expel you from your own country.
10. Everyone has the right to a fair and public trial.
11. Everyone should be considered innocent until guilt is proved.
12. Every one has the right to ask for help if someone tries to harm you, but no-one can enter your home, open your letters or bother you or your family without a good reason.
13. Everyone has the right to travel as they wish.
14. Everyone has the right to go to another country and ask for protection if they are being persecuted or are in danger of being persecuted.
15. Everyone has the right to belong to a country. No one has the right to prevent you from belonging to another country if you wish to.
16. Everyone has the right to marry and have a family.
17. Everyone has the right to own property and possessions.
18. Everyone has the right to practise and observe all aspects of their own religion and change their religion if they want to.
19. Everyone has the right to say what they think and to give and receive information.
20. Everyone has the right to take part in meetings and to join associations in a peaceful way.
21. Everyone has the right to help choose and take part in the government of their country.
22. Everyone has the right to social security and to opportunities to develop their skills.
23. Everyone has the right to work for a fair wage in a safe environment and to join a trade union.
24. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure.
25. Everyone has the right to an adequate standard of living and medical help if they are ill.
26. Everyone has the right to go to school.
27. Everyone has the right to share in their community's cultural life.
28. Everyone must respect the 'social order' that is necessary for all these rights to be available.
29. Everyone must respect the rights of others, the community and public property.
30. No one has the right to take away any of the rights in this declaration. Activity 1) Pick 1 picture that looks interesting to you
2) Pick up handout that goes with the picture
3) You may choose to either write a letter to the UN or you can draw a picture or propaganda poster
letter must be at least 1/2 page
picture must have paragraph to go with it Must include: What topic/picture is about
What human rights it violates
What the UN is doing/should do about it