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Reasons why laws may need to change

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Natasha Huggins

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of Reasons why laws may need to change

Social values and attitudes
Changes in society
Changes in technology
Community protection
Protection of rights
Reasons why laws may need to change
The law needs to ensure it protects everyone against basic human injustices.
As these are identified, the law must respond as they are linked to the value system of our society.
One of the basic human rights under the law is the right not to be discriminated against.
Examples of changes to the law include:
Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic.)
Equal Opportunity Amendment (Family Responsibilities) Act 2008 (Vic.)
Laws need to change to ensure that behaviour is regulated so that actions which harm members of the community become unlawful.
Examples of changes to the law include:
Crimes Amendment (Child Homicide) Act 2008
Crimes Legislation Amendment (Food and Drink Spiking) Act 2009 (Vic.)
Transport Legislation Amendment Act 2009 (Vic.) - Hoon laws
Road Safety Act 1986 (Vic.) - Mobile phones
Changing the law as a result of new technology is necessary for the public interest - to reduce harm or exploitation.
Issues related to technological developments in communications, IT, medical science (genetic engineering, IVF surrogacy, organ transplantation) and the protection of privacy challenge law-makers.
Examples of changes to the law include:
The Crimes Amendment (Identity Crime) Act 2009 (Vic.)
2003 changes to the definition of stalking in the Crimes Act 1958 to include:
contacting by post, telephone, fax, text message, e-mail or publishing on the internet.
The law changes and expands to align with current trends and in anticipation of future needs and protection of society.
It especially has to protect the less powerful in society.
Recent laws include consumer protection, the provision of more rights and safeguards for tenants, occupational health and safety, the establishment of legal aid services, and anti-discrimination laws.
Examples of changes to the law include
Fair Trading Act 1999 (Vic.)
For a law to remain acceptable to individuals (and society), it must adapt to reflect changing values.
Laws have changed to reflect changing attitudes towards crime, the environment, human rights, genetic engineering, privacy, liquor control, gambling, drink driving, domestic violence and child abuse, and the possession of guns and terrorism.
Examples of changes to the law include:
Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008 (Vic.)
Relationships Act 2008 (Vic.)
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