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The French Revolution

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Charlotte Carpenter

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of The French Revolution

Louis VXI Important People: -King Luis XVI
-Marie Antionette
-Georges-Jaques Danton
-Maximillien Robespierre
-Jean-Paul Marat
-The three estates
- French king from 1774 to 1792
- His spending problems during
France's involvement in the
American Revolution led to the
outbreak of the revolution.
-Louis XVI was deposed in 1792
and executed a year later. Marie Antionette -The wife of king Louis XVI
-Lived a life of extravagance
and excess.
- She ended up being very hated
by the people.
-She was executed in in 1793. Danton -Danton was a French statesman and
one of the leading figures of the French
-He became a leader of the Cordeleirs
early in the revolution and gained
poular favor.
-He helped set the stage for the 1792
attack Tuileries and the overthrow of
the monarchy. Robespierre - A brilliant tactition
and leader of the radical
Jacobins in the National
- During the reign of
terror he attempted to
silence all enemies of
the revolution in
an effort to save France
from invasion. By Charlotte Carpenter and Katalina Mijangos Marat -Leader of the French
-He issued letters, pamphlets,
and speeches the the citezens
of France.
-He was killed in his bathtub.
-He was known for his
radical socialis ideals.
The Three Estates - The three estates during the
French Revolution were members
of the clergy, nobles, and
everyone else.
-Despite the fact that it constituted
the vast majority of the French
population, the third estate had
just one vote in the estates-general.
-Frustrated with its political
impotance, the third estate broke
away from the estates-general and
declared itself the National
Napolean Sans-Culottes -Urban workers and peasants
whose name literally means
"without cullotes," the knee
breaches that the privelaged wore.
-The mob mentality of the
sans-cullotes constituted the most
radical element of the revolution.

-A general in the French army and
leader of the 1799 coup that overthrew the
- Napolean's accession marked the
end of the French Revolution and
the beggining of Napoleonic France
and Europe. Important Events: -Guillotine
-Tenis Court Oath
-Declaration of the Rights of Man
Guillotine Tennis Court oath Declaration of
the Rights of Man On June 20th 1989, oath
sworn by members of the
third estate who had just
formed the National Assembly
and were locked out of the
assembly of the estates-general.
Meeting at a nearby tennis
court, these members of the
third estate pledged to remain
together until they had drafted
and passed a new constitution.
In France, the guillotine
became the accepted
method of excecution.
Joseph Guillotine its use
for all excecutions
because it was a quick,
painless death. Prior to
this, only the nobility
had the option to
this. A document issued by the National
Assembly, August 26, 1789 that
granted sovereignty to all French
people.The declaration asserted that
liberty is a natural right of man and
that men are born and remain
free and equal in rights.
Important places: -Paris
-Versaille Paris Bastille Versaille The royal palace built by king Luis
XIVa few miles outside of Paris.
Known for its splendor and
extravagence, Versailles was hom
e to the king, queen, and all
members of the royal family along
with high government officials.
On October 5th, 1789, an angry
mob of French women marched to
Versailles bringing the royal family
back to deal with the food
shortage. In July 1789 with bread
prices at record levels,
hungry mobs attacked the
gates of Paris where customs
collected taxes on incoming
grain convoys. They raided
every possible source of arms,
ending up with capturing the
Bastille prison.

A large armory and prison is the
center of Paris that a mob of
sans-cullotes sacked on July 14th
1789. The storming of the
Bastille has little practical
consequence but it was an
enourmous symbolic act against
the regime and is still celebrated
today in France
as Bastille Day.
Causes America bankrupts
finance Monarchy cannot
pay debt Estates unbalanced Food shortages Influence of the Enlightenment The French Revolution
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