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The Feudal System
Transcript of The Feudal System
Feudalism In Western
2nd Level: Lords and Ladies
Below the monarch were the lords and ladies. These lords and ladies were rich mostly lived in manors or castles.
Highest (1st) Level: Monarch
On the top of the feudal hierarchy was the monarch, who is usually a king but sometimes a queen. The monarch would keep some land for himself and give the rest as fiefs (grants of land) to his lords. Those lords became the monarch's vassals. In return, the monarch would be supplied knights from the lords, in times of need. You may say that a monarch is just a symbolic ruler who had little real power.
Why did Feudalism develop?
For 500 years, the Roman Empire unified much of Europe. But the beginning of the Middle Ages was marked with the collapse of the Roman Empire. People in Europe then had a hard time surviving and had trouble protecting themselves. Feudalism was developed supposedly to organize Europe and provide safety to the people living there.
What was the Feudal Hierarchy?
The feudal system organized the people of Europe into a hierarchy, a classification of peoples' ranks. Everyone in the hierarchy would cooperate with each other to provide safety. The next slides will explain the levels of the feudal hierarchy.