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Copy of Lord Of The Flies Introduction

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Molly Mathia

on 9 September 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Lord Of The Flies Introduction

William Golding
Lord of the Flies
Characters
Piggy
Heavy set and has asthma
Also has low self-esteem, but he knows he has good ideas.
Wears glasses
He symbolizes social order and using one's intelligence rather than reacting according to one's impulses.
Jack
Ralph
Twelve years old
Built like a boxer, innocent-looking
Elected leader over Jack.
Protagonist who symbolizes democracy and order.
He finds the conch which brings the boys together.
Simon
Member of the choir
Faints frequently
One of the first boys to explore the island, he is the 'buffer' between Ralph and Jack.
Symbolizes pure goodness and serves as a Christ-figure.
Roger
Setting
During WWII, while leaving Britain for safety, the plane filled with twenty-four boys crashes on an island.

This setting is important for two reasons:

1) Set during the war, finding the boys is not the top priority.
2) The island, being removed from the rest of society, accelerates the boys' descent into savagery.
3) The "gloss" of civilization is not present to keep them from giving into the darker side of their natures.
Member of the choir.
He is "slight and furtive" "with a shock of dark hair."
He is also very sneaky.
However, he is the one who calls for a vote.
Roger will eventually manifest himself as the sadist who exists in society.
He likes to see others in pain.
Sam and Eric
Identical twins who look "chubby and vital."
Despite being two distinct individuals, they will eventually act as one.
They are even called, "SamnEric" as though one entity.
Conch Shell
Maurice-
Member of the choir. He is next in size to Ralph. He has a "broad grin:. He knows about green wood and learns to be comfortable on the island.
Subjects
Point of View

3rd person omniscient.
Narrative alternates between the different people on the island and what they are doing.
This is important because the reader is able to see how the characters are undergoing changes not only in their behavior but in their way of thinking.
1. Need for Civilization-
This book shows that people need rules and laws to keep the dark side of human nature in line. When these guidelines and authority figures are not present, people will begin to give in to their darker impulses.
2. Loss of Innocence-
When laws and consequences are present to regulate our behavior, we remain civilized. Without these, the boys will come face-to-face with the evil which exists in each of us. The boys can no longer be considered innocent.
William Golding
William Golding's Life:
1911
William Golding
born in
Cornwall
1921-1934
Golding attended Malborough
grammar school then onto
Brasenose College,
where he studied literature.
1939
Married his wife,
Ann Brookfield
1946
They move to Salisbury
with their children
1952-1991
1992
died of a heart failure
Golding wrote twelve novels.
He also wrote plays,
many essays and reviews,
several short stories,
some poems,
and a travel book about Egypt.

The plane is attacked and crashes on an island. Piggy and Ralph find the conch shell on the beach. They use it to call everybody together. Ralph is made leader and Jack is made the leader of the hunting group.
1983
Golding wins Nobel Prize
for Literature.
The boys attempt to make a signal fire, but it blazes out of control. One of the boys is lost. After this, order is slowly lost and chaos slowly begins to take its place.
Order is completely lost, and the conch- the symbol of order and authority, is crushed. Jack takes control of the group and someone is killed.
Jack takes over and attempts to hunt down Ralph. He hopes to smoke him out by setting fire to the island. The evil in the boys reaches a pinnacle.
?
Inspiration for the Novel

Plot
Lord of the Flies was made into a movie in 1963 and then again in 1990. Here is the trailer for the '63 film.
3. Civilization vs. Savagery-
There are two competing impulses that exist within all human beings. One is the instinct to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group against the instinct to gratify one’s immediate desires, act violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce one’s will. The boys change from being civilized to savages by the end of the novel. Their desire to exert their will on others will prevail. Jack and Ralph will represent the struggle between civilized behavior and brutality of the savage beast.
Piggy's glasses represent his intelligence and hold the sense of safety, without the glasses the boys also wouldn't be able to start fires for light, warmth, and way to cook food.
Piggy's Glasses
There is a group on the island that will come to be known as the littluns. They are the youngest members of the group who represent the unthinking masses who blindly follow whoever is in charge or who can tend to their immediate needs without thinking.
the Littluns
"WWII, which I spent in the Royal Navy, had a decisive influence on my life and work. Then I was a young man. Now I am a very naive old man. It has taken me a long time to gain some slight understanding of mankind. During the war, I was terrified at what people were capable of doing."
-William Golding
William Golding was inspired to write the book when he entered the Royal navy in England.
He saw the horrors of the war and believed it was based on the the evil in people.
Twelve years old and leader of the choir boys
Red hair (what trait do we normally assign to people with red hair?) and freckles.
He has a knife and is used to being in charge.
Despite being closer to the savage side of human nature than many of the other boys, Jack cannot bring himself to kill initially.
He is the antagonist who symbolizes dictatorial rule and savagery.
Exposition
Rising Action
Climax
Falling Action
Resolution
Lord of the Flies
Background
Full transcript