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Comparing Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping
Transcript of Comparing Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping
-People in a commune gave up their ownership of tools, animals etc so that everything was owned by the commune. People now worked for the commune and not for themselves.
-Communist Party decided how much of what to produce
-No incentive to work hard
-Mao is heavily criticized -Response to the Great Leap Forward.
-Designed to smash the old order and bring in a new, socialist society.
-Unleashed the Red Guard
-Destroy the 4 Olds: Ideology, Thought, Habits, Customs
-Targets teachers, artists, writers, and those who disagree with Mao -Radical young men & women highly idealistic and loyal to Mao
-The Little Red Book
-"Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy"
4. Technology Economic Reforms:
“Socialism and a market economy are not incompatible”
Opening to international trade and investment
Introduction of profit motive
Special Economic Zones June 1989
Student protests put down by Deng Great Cultural Revolution
1966-1969 The Chinese Civil War and Long March Communist win! Quotes:
"It doesn’t matter whether its is a white cat or a black cat, it is a good cat as long as it catches mice"
"Cross the river by stepping over stone"
"To get rich is Glorious" Political Reform:
One party rule
Increased role for the military
Strong Government Control
Put down dissidents Chinese Civil War Nationalist -Sun Yat Sen and Chiang Kai Shek
-Three Principles of the People- Democracy, Nationalism, Livelihood
-Kuomintang Party Communist -Mao Zedong
-Establish the Peoples Republic of China
Role of Women "Women hold up half the sky"
-Under Mao women began to have more rights and equality
-Banned prostitution, feudal marriages, and allowed land ownership One Child Policy -1979
-Intended to limit Population growth by allowing only one child in urban households
-Large focus on female babies
-Estimated 300 million in first 20 years China Today -Second Largest Economy in the World
-Remains a single party communist state
-Heavy restrictions on the internet, press, religion, and assembly
-President: Hu Jintao
-General Secretary of Communist Party is Xi Jinping
-Continue market economic reforms imposed by Deng
-Private property and ownership
-Technocrats in the government
-Education focused on science, math, tech
-Environmental and civil rights concerns