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Transcript of Kleier_Period2_STDs
STDs or STIs are Sexually Transmitted diseases. They come in many different forms, but usually don't show obvious symptoms. Most are treatable, but there are some that are not. The only 100% effective way to not get these diseases is to choose abstinence (not have sex)
Effect on the Unborn
STDs that infect women can make it difficult to become pregnant. Under the circumstance that a woman is pregnant and also has an STD present, most of the time the baby will carry the disease at childbirth.
Signs and Symptoms
Chlamydia often doesn't cause symptoms, but someone who doesave symptoms may experience discharge, similar to gonorrhea or (on some occasions) trichomoniasis. Herpes symptoms are usually mistaken as signs of other things, but can include blistering of the genitals. Likewise, Syphilis symptoms are usually mistaken for other things, but include painless bumps and non-itchy rashes. Pubic lice can be the cause if someone is experiencing itching in the genital area. Hepatitis can show lots of symptoms such as fever, fatigue, etc.
Unfortunately, there are those few STDs that cannot be treated. Those include Herpes, HPV, HIV, and acute cases of Hepatitis. Pubic lice can be treated regularly with medications available without a prescription. Chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics and is recommended to abstain from sexual activity for at least a week. Gonorrhea is treated preferrably with dual therapy. Syphilis can be treated in its early stages with Benzathine penicillin. Trichomoniasis can be treated with prescribed antibiotic medication (metronidazole or tinidazole).
The absolute number one way to not catch these STDs is to choose abstinence - it's the only 100% effective method. Aside from that, you can prevent catching STDs by testing yourself and your partner by a doctor for STDs. You can also use condoms correctly.
Most Common STDs
The most common STDs include; Chlamydia, Herpes (type 1 & 2), HPV, HIV, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Pubic Lice, Trichomoniasis, & Hepatitis.
~ Chlamydia: It can infect both women and men, and can make it hard for a woman to get pregnant.
~ Herpes: An STD that spreads through two viruses and cannot be cured. There are medicines that can shorten outbreaks and also make it harder to pass on to a partner, however.
~ HPV: The most common STI, and cannot be cured. THe symptoms, however, can be treated.
~ HIV: Can be spread through other STDs and is usually found in people who also
have another STD.
~ Gonorrhoea: A very common infection, especially to people in the age range of 15-24 years, that can infect both genders.
~Syphilis: STD that can cause lomg-term complications if not treated.
~ Pubic Lice: Also known as crabs, and is usually found in pubic hair, but can found in other areas of coarse hair.
~ Trichomoniasis: Very common STD that is diverse in symptoms.
~ Hepatitis: Liver infection that can be passed through sex or from other causes, and can be treated if chronic, but not if the infection's acute.