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Timeline of World Events: 600 CE-1450 CE

Mr. Stewart, Period 3
by

Matthew Rogers

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Timeline of World Events: 600 CE-1450 CE

Timeline of
World Events:
600 CE - 1450 CE

Islamic World
610-632:
Muhammed has first revelation in Mecca, begins to preach Islam, hiraj to Medina, and death
632-634:
rule of caliph Abu Bakr
634-643:
early Muslim conquests in the Byzantine Empire
634-644:
rule of caliph Umar
637:
Arab invasion and destruction of Sasanian Empire
656-661:
first Islamic civil war
661-750:
Umayyad caliphate centered in Damascus
680-692:
second Islamic civil war
711-713:
first Muslim raids in India
744-750:
third Islamic civil war
750:
Abbasid caliphate begins, centered in Baghdad
747-750:
warriors from Khorasan overthrows Umayyads
809:
first war of succession of Abbasid princes
865-925:
life of al-Razi
945:
Persian Buyids capture Baghdad
1055:
Seljuk Turks overthrow Buyids and control caliphate
1258:
fall of Baghdad to Mongols
1290s:
beginnings of Islam's spread to southeast Asia
Eastern Europe
650s:
Slavic migrations into Eastern Europe
718:
Arab attack on Constantinople defeated
980-1015:
conversion of Russia to Christianity
1018:
Byzantine defeat of Bulgarian kingdom
1019-1054:
reign of Yaroslav, king of Rus'
1054:
schism between Eastern and Western Christianity
1100-1453:
Byzantine decline under growing attacks by Ottomans
1203-1204:
Fourth Crusade, sacking Constantinople
1237-1241:
Mongols capture Russia
African Continent
600-700:
Islam spread across North Africa
1000:
Ghana at the height of its power
1100:
Almoravid movement in the Sahara
1200:
rise of the Mali Empire
1260:
death of Sundiata; earliest stone buildings at Zimbabwe; Yaruba culture flourishes at Ile-Ife
1300:
Mali Empire at its height
1324:
pilgrimage of Mansa Musa
1370s: Songhai establishes independent kingdom
1400:
flourishing cities at Timbuktu and Jenne; Christian kingdom at Ethiopia; Swahili cities flourish
1417, 1430:
last Chinese trade voyages to East Africa
North Africa
Swahili
Coast

Mali
Ethiopia
Abbasid
Khorasan
Medina
Mecca
Damascus
Ghana
Great
Zimbabwe
Byzantine
Constantinople
Songhai
Baghdad
Umayyad
Buyids
Persians
Timbuktu
Jenne
Bulgarian
Kingdom
Slavs
Rome
Kievan Russia
Kiev
Western Europe
732:
Franks defeat Muslims in France
800-814:
Charlemagne's empire
900-1000:
spread of new plows; use of horses in agriculture and transport
962:
Germanic kings revive Roman Empire
1018:
beginning of Christian reconquest of Spain
1066:
Norman conquest of England, strong feudal monarchy
1096-1270:
Crusades
1200-1274:
Thomas Aquinas and spread of scholasticism
1215:
Magna Carta
1226-1270:
King Louis IX of France
1265:
first English parliment
1303:
seizure of papacy by French king
1338-1453:
Hundred Years War
1348-1380:
Black Death, or the bubonic plague
Franks
The Americas
900:
end of intermediate horizon and decline of Tihuanaco and Huari
900-1465:
Chimor Empire based on Chan-Chan on north coast of Peru
968:
Tula established by Toltecs
1000:
Toltec conquest of Chichén Itzá and influence in Yucatan
1150:
fall of Tula and disintegration of Toltec Empire
1200-1500:
Mississippian culture flourishes
1325:
Aztecs established in central Mexico; Tenochtitlan founded
1350:
Incas established in Cuzco area
1434:
creation of triple alliance
1434-1471:
great expansion under Inca Pachacuti
1434-1472:
rule of Nezhualcoyotl at Texcoco
1438:
Incas dominate Cuzco and southern highlands
1440-1469:
reign of Moctezuma I
Chimor
Toltec
Tula
Mississippian
Culture Core
Aztec
Tenochtitlan
Inca
Texoco
Yucatan
Peninsula
Charlemagne's
Empire
Cuzco
Machu Picchu
Holy Roman
Empire
China
618-626:
Gaozu emperor
618-907:
Tang dynasty
627-649:
Tang Taizong emperor
688:
Korean conquest; vassal state of Silla
690-705:
Empress Wu; Buddhist influence in China peaks
712-756:
Xuanzong emperor
840s:
period of Buddhist persecution
907:
end of the Tang dynasty
960-1279:
Song dynasty; Neo-Confucian revival
c. 1050:
invention of block printing with movable type
1067-1085:
Shenzong emperor; reforms of Wang Anshi
c. 1100:
invention of gunpowder
1115:
Jurchen (Jin) kingdom in north China
1119:
first reference to use of compass for sea navigation
1127-1279:
Southern Song dynasty
1271-1368:
reign of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty in China
1279-1368:
Mongol (Yuan) dynasty rules all China
1290s:
first true guns used in China
Zhou
Qi
Chen
Chang'an
Yangzhou
Tang China
Song China
Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

646:
Taika reforms in Japan
668:
Korea wins independence from Tang conquerors
668-918:
Silla kingdom in Korea
710-784:
Imperial Japanese capital at Nara
794:
Japanese capital shifts to Heian (Kyoto)
838:
last Japanese embassy to China
857-1160:
period of Fujiwara dominance in Japan
918-1392:
Koryo dynasty in Korea
939:
Vietnam wins independence from China
960-1279:
Song dynasty in China
980-1009:
Le dynasty in Vietnam
1160-1185:
Taira clan dominant in Japan
1180-1185:
Gempei Wars in Japan
1185-1333:
Kamakura Shogunate in Japan
1231-1392:
Mongol rule in Korea
1279-1368:
Mongol rule in China
1392-1910:
Yi dynasty in Korea
Silla
Nara
Heian
Koryo
Le
Vietnam
Japan
Korea
Fujiwara
Mongols
907-1118:
Khitan conquest of north China
1037-1194:
Seljuk Turks dominate the Middle East
1115-1234:
Jurchens (Jin dynasty) rule north China
1126:
Song dynasty flees to south China
1130-c.1250:
Almohads rule north Africa and Spain
1206:
Temujin takes the name of Chinggis Khan; Mongol state founded
1215:
first Mongol attacks on north China; Beijing captured
1219-1223:
first Mongol invasions of Russia and Islamic world
1227:
death of Chinggis Khan; Ogedei named successor
1234:
Mongols take all of north China; end of Jin dynasty
1235-1279:
Mongol conquest of south China; end of southern Song dynasty
1236-1240:
Mongol conquest of Russia
1240-1241:
Mongol invasion of western Europe
1253:
Mongol victory over Seljuk Turks; rise of Ottoman Turks in Middle East
1258:
Mongol destruction of Baghdad
1260:
Mamluk (slave) rulers of Egypt defeat Mongols at Ain Jalut; end of drive west
1260-1294: r
eign of Kubilai Khan in China
1271-1295: j
ourney of Marco Polo to central Asia, China, and southeast Asia
1274-1280:
failed Mongol invasions of Japan
1336-1405:
life of Timur mid-14th century; spread of Black Death in Eurasia
Alexandria
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