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Industrial and Service Robots

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by

Avi Sharma

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Industrial and Service Robots

Industrial Robots
What exactly are robots?
Industrial and Service Robots
Uses/applications of these robots
A robot is a mechanical or virtual agent, usually an electro-mechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids to industrial robots.
What is a robot thought to be, a Machine?
We would like to make it clear that there are various differences between a robot and a machine.
A machine is a tool containing one or more parts that uses energy to perform an intended action. Machines are usually powered by mechanical, chemical, thermal, or electrical means, and are often motorized.
What are industrial robots?
An industrial robot is defined by ISO (international organization for standardization) as an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes.
Robotic handling operations (38%)
Material handling is the most popular application with 38% of operational stock of industrial robots worldwide. This includes machine tending, palatalizing and various operations for metal machining and plastic moulding.
Robotic Welding (29%)
This segment mostly includes spot welding and arc welding which is mainly used by the automotive industry. Spot welding is still more popular than arc welding but not for long; as arc welding is becoming very popular in the metal industry.
Robotic Assembly (10%)
Assembly operations include: fixing, press-fitting, inserting, disassembling, etc. This category of robotic applications seems to have decreased over the last few years, even while other robotic applications have increased.
Robotic Dispensing (4%)
Here we are talking about painting, gluing, applying adhesive sealing, spraying, etc. Only 4% of the operational robots are doing dispensing.
Robotic Processing (2%)
Processing is not a big segment of industrial robots (only 2%) and this is probably because a lot of automated machines are available on the market to do specifically these applications. The main application areas are mechanical, laser and water jet cutting.
Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages
industrial automated robots have the capacity to dramatically improve product quality. applications are performed with precision and high repeatability every time.
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